The American Ideology / Edition 1

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First published in 2004. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780415945509
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis
  • Publication date: 7/1/2004
  • Series: Pathways Through the Twenty-First Century Series
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 184
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 0.39 (d)

Meet the Author

Andrew Levine is Professor of Philosophy at the University of Wisconsin, Madison. He is the author of many books, including Engaging Political Philosophy (2001) and A Future for Marxism? (2003).

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Table of Contents

1 Reason 13
The idea of reason 14
The death of Socrates 16
Is reason bad for the oppressed? 19
2 Ideology 25
Natural selection 26
The spirit of capitalism 27
The Protestant ethic 28
An optimal ethic 31
Weber's lead 34
Protestant ethic versus American ideology 36
3 Means-ends rationality 39
The individual and society 40
The new science 42
Hobbesian sovereignty 44
Optimality 47
Utilitarianism 49
Efficiency 52
Macrolevel consequences of microlevel 55
4 The invisible hand 59
Smith was (partly) right 60
Market socialism 65
Information deficits 69
Shades of hayek 71
Externalities 72
Market incompetences 74
Competition 76
Economics of scale 76
Conclusion 76
5 Efficiency as ideology 79
Efficiency and the Soviet model 80
Problems of planned economies 83
Market solutions? 85
Efficiency reified 86
Who benefits? 89
A vicious circle 93
6 The reasonable 95
Liberalism 96
From tolerance to neutrality 99
The neutral and the reasonable 102
Social unity 105
Reasonableness 108
7 Deliberative democracy 113
Collective choice 114
Rousseauean theories 115
Proceduralism 118
Rousseau without the general will 122
Implementation 126
Must we retract democracy in order to save it? 129
Conclusion 130
8 Which way forward? 133
Deweyan reconstruction 135
Democratizing the economic sphere 139
Reconstructing Rawls 141
What is to be done? 144
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