American Jezebel: The Uncommon Life of Anne Hutchinson, the Woman Who Defied the Puritansby Eve LaPlante
In 1637, Anne Hutchinson, a forty-six-year-old midwife who was pregnant with her sixteenth child, stood before forty male judges of the Massachusetts General Court, charged with heresy and sedition. In a time when women could not vote, hold public office, or teach outside the home, the charismatic Hutchinson wielded remarkable political power. Her unconventional
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In 1637, Anne Hutchinson, a forty-six-year-old midwife who was pregnant with her sixteenth child, stood before forty male judges of the Massachusetts General Court, charged with heresy and sedition. In a time when women could not vote, hold public office, or teach outside the home, the charismatic Hutchinson wielded remarkable political power. Her unconventional ideas had attracted a following of prominent citizens eager for social reform. Hutchinson defended herself brilliantly, but the judges, faced with a perceived threat to public order, banished her for behaving in a manner "not comely for [her] sex."
Written by one of Hutchinson's direct descendants, American Jezebel brings both balance and perspective to Hutchinson's story. It captures this American heroine's life in all its complexity, presenting her not as a religious fanatic, a cardboard feminist, or a raging crank—as some have portrayed her—but as a flesh-and-blood wife, mother, theologian, and political leader. The book narrates her dramatic expulsion from Massachusetts, after which her judges, still threatened by her challenges, promptly built Harvard College to enforce religious and social orthodoxies—making her the mid-wife to the nation's first college. In exile, she settled Rhode Island, becoming the only woman ever to co-found an American colony.
The seeds of the American struggle for women's and human rights can be found in the story of this one woman's courageous life. American Jezebel illuminates the origins of our modern concepts of religious freedom, equal rights, and free speech, and showcases an extraordinary woman whose achievements are astonishing by the standards of any era.
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The Uncommon Life of Anne Hutchinson, the Woman Who Defied the Puritans
Enemy of the State
"Anne Hutchinson is present," a male voice announced from somewhere in the crowded meetinghouse, momentarily quieting the din that filled its cavernous hall. The meetinghouse of Cambridge, Massachusetts, a square structure of timber and clay with a thatched roof, served as the community's city hall, church, and courthouse -- the latter its role this chilly Tuesday in November 1637. Hearing the news that the defendant had arrived, scores of bearded heads in black felt hats turned to find the one woman in the crowd.
There was nothing auspicious about Anne Hutchinson's appearance as she stood in the doorway alongside several male relatives and supporters, awaiting the start of her trial. She was forty-six years old, of average height and bearing, with an unremarkable face. Her petticoat fell almost to the ground, revealing only the tips of her leather boots. Against the cold she wore a wool mantua, or cloak. A white coif covered her hair, as was the custom of the day. Besides that and her white linen smock and neckerchief, she wore all black. She was a stranger to no one present, having ministered as midwife and nurse to many of their wives and children. All knew her to be an active member of the church of Boston, the wife of the wealthy textile merchant William Hutchinson, the mother of twelve living children, and the grandmother of one, a five-day-old boy who just that Sunday had been baptized. There was, in short, no outer sign to suggest she was an enemy of the state.
Enemy she was, though, indeed the greatest threat Massachusetts had ever known. More than a few men in the room, including several of the ministers, considered her a witch. Others believed the Devil had taken over her soul. The governor, John Winthrop, who was waiting in an antechamber of the meetinghouse to begin the trial over which he would preside, suspected her of using her devilish powers to subjugate men by establishing "the community of women" to foster "their abominable wickedness."
Anne Hutchinson's greatest crime, and the source of her power, was the series of weekly public meetings she held at her house to discuss Scripture and theology. At first, in 1635, the evening meetings had been just for women, who then were generally encouraged to gather in small groups to gossip and offer mutual support. Soon scores of women, enchanted by her intelligence and magnetism, flocked to hear her analysis of the week's Scripture reading, which many of them preferred to the ministers' latest interpretation. "Being a woman very helpful in times of childbirth and other occasions of bodily infirmities, [Hutchinson] easily insinuated herself into the affections of many," an official observed. Her "pretense was to repeat [the ministers'] sermons," the governor added, "but when that was done, she would comment upon the doctrines, interpret passages at her pleasure, and expound dark places of Scripture, and make it serve her turn," going beyond "wholesome truths" to "set forth her own stuff." One minister, Thomas Weld, reported that her "custom was for her scholars to propound questions and she (gravely sitting in the chair) did make answers thereunto." This was especially grievous in a time when the single chair in every house was for the use of the man alone.
Men had begun to accompany their wives to Hutchinson's meetings in 1636, and as her audiences swelled she offered a second session of religious instruction each week, just as the colonial ministers liked to give a Thursday lecture as well as their Sunday sermon. The Reverend Weld lamented that members of her audience, "being tainted, conveyed the infection to others," including "some of the magistrates, some gentlemen, some scholars and men of learning, some burgesses of our General Court, some of our captains and soldiers, some chief men in towns, and some eminent for religion, parts, and wit." Anne Hutchinson had "stepped out of [her] place," in the succinct phrase of the Reverend Hugh Peter, of Salem -- she "had rather been a husband than a wife; and a preacher than a hearer; and a magistrate than a subject."
It was painfully clear to Governor Winthrop, who had an excellent view of her comings and goings from his house directly across the road from hers in Boston, that Anne Hutchinson possessed the strongest constituency of any leader in the colony. She was, he confided in his journal, "a woman of a haughty and fierce carriage, a nimble wit and an active spirit, and a very voluble tongue." Her name was absent (on account of her sex) from every offensive political act and document, he observed, but she was behind them all. "More bold than a man," she was Virgil's dux foemina facti, "the woman leading all the action" -- the breeder and nourisher of all the county's distempers, the sower of political and religious discord. Before Mistress Hutchinson had arrived in America, in the fall of 1634, all was sweetness and light, he recalled. Now that she was here, all was chaos.
Through a side door of the meetinghouse, the forty magistrates of the Great and General Court of Massachusetts filed into the dimly lit room. This court of no appeal, the only court available to the fledgling colony's roughly seven thousand settlers, comprised the governor, a deputy governor, seven of their assistants (chosen by the freemen to serve as the colony's board of directors), and thirty-one deputies, prominent freemen chosen by the colony's fourteen towns (forerunners to the state's legislators). The judges that day included the assistant Simon Bradstreet, of Cambridge, thirty-three, who as colonial secretary was expected to take notes; Salem's John Endicott, the righteous, forty-nine-year-old former soldier who had recently tried to pass a law forcing all women to wear veils, as in the Old Testament; and Deputy Governor Thomas Dudley, who at sixty-one was the oldest judge.
Eight ministers in black robes also joined the procession, not to judge the defendant but to give testimony, as witnesses ...American Jezebel
The Uncommon Life of Anne Hutchinson, the Woman Who Defied the Puritans. Copyright © by Eve LaPlante. Reprinted by permission of HarperCollins Publishers, Inc. All rights reserved. Available now wherever books are sold.
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author of In A Different Voice and The Birth of Pleasure
author of The Good Life
author of Marie Curie: A Life and A Mind of Her Own: A Life of Karen Horney
former Governor of Massachusetts
author of A People's History of the United States
author (with Leigh E. Schmidt) of A Religious History of America
Meet the Author
Eve LaPlante, a sixth great-granddaughter of Samuel Sewall, is the author of two previous critically acclaimed books: American Jezebel, a biography of her ancestor Anne Hutchinson, and Seized, a narrative portrait of temporal lobe epilepsy. LaPlante has degrees from Princeton and Harvard and has written for The Atlantic, the New York Times, Ladies' Home Journal, and Boston magazine. She lives with her family in New England on land once owned by Judge Sewall.
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The author and I are apparently very distant cousins, as Anne Hutchinson was my eleven-times great grandmother. While I knew some of her story, the very readable, incredibly well researched account given by Eve Laplante was a huge treat. The author went to great lengths to portray Hutchinson within the context of her life and times, and without the modern spin of revisionist history. American Jezebel has the breadth of historical accuracy to make it a welcome addition to classroom instruction, as well as the easy readability that would appeal to everyone.
AMERICAN JEZEBEL is a compelling and fast-paced work that offers a vivid close-up on life in colonial America. Eve LaPlante has masterfully created a detailed sense of place and manners in early New England, allowing us to fully engage in the Puritan world of the confident, literate, ever-pregnant and heroic Anne Hutchinson. I have to ask¿ whose idea was it all these years to hide from the grammar and high school American history student the story of Anne Hutchinson? Her biography of conscience and faith is important and should be celebrated in our schools. The image of Anne, articulate and self-assured, standing up to the array of 40 male judges should be as ingrained as the image of honest Abe Lincoln walking back several miles to a store when he noticed he¿d been given one penny too much in change. Read this book. Tell others to read it. And let¿s get Anne Hutchinson into the school curriculum in the US. LaPlante has done a great service here, so effectively shedding light on Hutchinson¿s struggle for women¿s rights and freedom of expression, as well as her outspoken defense of the natives¿ rights. AMERICAN JEZEBEL of the 1600s has the ring of a modern feminist story, as the issues Hutchinson faced are not so different from issues we face today. Anne Hutchinson¿s vision, courage and accomplishments are astonishing. I¿ve been thoroughly captured by this book.
Anne's story is compelling, but this book is very hard to sift through to find it. The author gives tons of information, but it seems that she rambles off in every direction and you lose sight of the plot. There is a lot of background information that is interesting, but takes away from the story of Anne. It was a good book for the school project we used it for, but really a hard and dry read.
A great portrait of the colonial rebel Anne Hutchinson that resonates with issues faced by women today, starting with how to balance home life and work. AMERICAN JEZEBEL also gives us a vivid depiction of 17th century Puritan life in Elizabethan England and Massachusetts. The book opens with Hutchinson's trial for heresy, which is beautifully described and explained, as a result of which she was banished from Boston and went on to found the colony of Rhode Island! This book shows how extraordinary Anne Hutchinson was and that, as the first PERSON in America to espouse religious freedom and individual rights, she should be considered our founding mother. What a character! She raised 15 kids, was a midwife, AND could debate theology with the founders of Harvard College and make them look foolish (while pregnant for the 16th time)! The maps of 17th century Boston, Portsmouth, Rhode Island, the Bronx, and Lincolnshire, England alone, along with Laplante's excellent guide to touring these sites of Hutchinson's life, are worth the price of the book.
Anne Hutchinson was the first 'feminist' in the US. She challenged the men of the church (but never the church) and paid highly for her willingness to stand up for what she believed. A fascinating look at the role of men, women, and the church in the early American colonies.
The Anne Hutchinson story is told here in well-researched historical context and with clear delineation of the person she was. This book added greatly to my interest in and admiration for a woman who challenged orthodoxy at its most vulnerable points.
This very engaging and fluidly written account of Anne Hutchinson's life and struggle is a must read for anyone intersted in American History or Women's History.
Like the author, Eve LaPlante, I too am a descendant of Anne Hutchinson. While I knew the basic story of Anne's banishment, this book helped me to better understand the attitudes and beliefs of the time. As a genealogist I can find and record the dry facts of born, marriage, and death. But it is difficult to add flesh to those dried bones and make your ancestor come to life. This book made Anne Hutchinson more than just those dry facts and dates, she became a living, breathing person.
This book gives an excellent view of the religious outlook in the beginning of the American country we now call the USA. Perhaps because this 'Jezebel' is in our family tree I found the story fascinating. Massachusetts Bay Colony was not as 'free' as we picture it. It also sets the stage for the beginning of women's rights. Excellent for learning about the early Puritan religious beliefs and for seeing how hard life was even for those considered 'well-to-do'. It also covers the Indian-Pilgrim relationships. You develop an understanding of the Indian viewpoint of these foreigners and how much these new people changed the way of life for the Indians. There is a great history lesson about the early United States and Canada.
This is the story of a great mind that helped shape some of the ideals that have become what we think of as 'America' and 'American'. It transcends gender even though Anne Hutchinson is a woman - her gender is central, but not exclusive, to the struggles. Ms. LaPlante is a wonderful storyteller and she puts forth a history that most Americans are probably not familiar with. I finished the book believing I have always been a Hutchinsonian . . . .