The American Nation: Primary Sources

The American Nation: Primary Sources

by Bruce Frohnen

ISBN-10: 0865977291

ISBN-13: 9780865977297

Pub. Date: 04/30/2009

Publisher: Liberty Fund, Incorporated

The American Nation: Primary Sources resumes the narrative begun in its companion volume, The American Republic which covered the first eight decades of U.S. history, ending at the onset of the Civil War. The American Nation continues the story through America’s entrance into World War II.

The American Nation

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The American Nation: Primary Sources resumes the narrative begun in its companion volume, The American Republic which covered the first eight decades of U.S. history, ending at the onset of the Civil War. The American Nation continues the story through America’s entrance into World War II.

The American Nation makes available, in one volume, many of the most crucial documents necessary for understanding the variety of policies and viewpoints driving American public life during an important, substantive part of American history. The primary sources in The American Nation are relevant to the Civil War, Reconstruction, the rise of a national capitalist system and culture, the waves of reform-minded thought and policy that moved the nation toward formation of the national administrative and welfare states, and America’s emergence as a major power on the world stage. This period was a watershed in the history of the nation—the time of establishing and consolidating national power and laying the foundations of a national government committed to promoting the material well-being of Americans. It was an era that witnessed the development of the nation-state and the establishment of the New Deal regime, which set the stage for the radical social movements of the 1960s and beyond.

For decades debates have raged concerning the nature and impact of post–Civil War Reconstruction, as well as the major popular legal and ideological movements shaping the United States during the period up to World War II. This critical era encompassed the rise of mass-market corporatism and America’s entry into world politics. Recent social history has uncovered a great deal of information regarding the daily lives of Americans during this era. Of equal importance is an in-depth study of the public documents critical for an understanding of the effects of public acts and pronouncements on Americans. This volume will allow students and readers to readily engage, without interpretation, the original historical documents that have shaped the history of American public life.

Some of the primary documents include the Emancipation Proclamation, the Freedmen’s Bureau Bill, the Sherman Antitrust Act, and the Monroe Doctrine. Some of the authors featured include Franklin Delano Roosevelt, Jefferson Davis, Robert LaFollette, Eugene Debs, Jane Addams, William Graham Sumner, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, and Booker T. Washington, among many others.

Bruce P. Frohnen is Associate Professor of Law at Ohio Northern University College of Law. He holds a J.D. from the Emory University School of Law and a Ph.D. in Government from Cornell University.

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Product Details

Liberty Fund, Incorporated
Publication date:
Edition description:
New Edition
Product dimensions:
8.60(w) x 11.30(h) x 1.60(d)
Age Range:
18 Years

Table of Contents

xi Alphabetical Table of Contents
xiii Alphabetical List of Authors
xv List of Illustrations
xvii Introduction
xxi Note on the Texts

PART I: The Civil War

4 The Crittenden Compromise, 1860
7 South Carolina Ordinance of Secession, 1860
9 South Carolina Declaration of Causes of Secession, 1860
12 Mississippi Ordinance of Secession, 1861
14 Mississippi Declaration of Causes of Secession, 1861
15 Virginia Ordinance to Repeal the Ratification of the Constitution of the United States of America, 1861
15 Missouri Act Declaring the Political Ties Heretofore Existing between the State of Missouri and the United States of America Dissolved, 1861
16 Ordinance of the Kentucky Convention, 1861
20 Constitution of the Confederate States of America, 1861
29 Farewell Speech to Congress, Jefferson Davis, 1861
31 Inaugural Address, Jefferson Davis, 1861
34 First Inaugural Address, Abraham Lincoln, 1861
39 Proclamation Calling the Militia and Convening Congress, Abraham Lincoln, 1861
40 Proclamation of Blockade against Southern Ports,
Abraham Lincoln, 1861
41 Message to Congress in Special Session, Abraham Lincoln, 1861
48 Proclamation Suspending Writ of Habeas Corpus,
Abraham Lincoln, 1863
51 Message to Congress on Gradual Abolishment of Slavery, Abraham Lincoln, 1862
52 Proclamation Revoking General Hunter’s Emancipation Order, Abraham Lincoln, 1862
53 Emancipation Proclamation, Abraham Lincoln, 1862
54 Emancipation Proclamation, Abraham Lincoln, 1863
56 Gettysburg Address, Abraham Lincoln, 1863
57 Message to the Congress of Confederate States,
Jefferson Davis, 1864
60 Act to Increase the Military Force of the Confederate States, 1865
61 Last Order, Robert E. Lee, 1865

PART II: Reconstruction

68 Proclamation of Amnesty and Reconstruction,
Abraham Lincoln, 1863
70 Veto Message with Wade-Davis Proclamation and Bill, Abraham Lincoln, 1864
73 Wade-Davis Manifesto, 1864
79 Special Field Order no. 15, William Tecumseh Sherman, 1865
81 Second Inaugural Address, Abraham Lincoln, 1865
82 Last Public Address, Abraham Lincoln, 1865
85 Constitution of Indiana, Article XIII, 1851
85 Black Code of Mississippi, 1865
91 U.S. Constitution, Thirteenth Amendment, 1865
91 Freedmen’s Bureau Bill, 1865
92 Second Freedmen’s Bureau Bill, 1865
94 Veto of the Second Freedmen’s Bureau Bill,
Andrew Johnson, 1866
99 Civil Rights Act of 1866
102 First Reconstruction Act of 1867
103 Veto of the First Reconstruction Act,
Andrew Johnson, 1867
111 First and Second Supplements to the First Reconstruction Act of 1867
115 Articles of Impeachment of Andrew Johnson, 1868
122 Debate on Proposed Fourteenth Amendment, 1866
135 U.S. Constitution, Fourteenth Amendment, 1868
136 U.S. Constitution, Fifteenth Amendment, 1870
137 Enforcement Act of 1870
142 Enforcement Act of 1871
144 Enforcement Act of 1875
146 Constitution of the State of Mississippi, 1868
150 Slaughter-House Cases, 1873
171 Inaugural Address, Rutherford B. Hayes, 1877
175 Civil Rights Cases, 1883
189 Constitution of the State of Mississippi, 1890

PART III: Consolidating Markets

198 The Homestead Act, 1862
200 The Pacific Railway Act, 1862
207 The Morrill Act, 1862
209 The Gospel of Wealth, Andrew Carnegie, 1889
215 Cross of Gold Speech, William Jennings Bryan, 1896
219 First Inaugural Address, William McKinley, 1897
223 First Annual Message, William McKinley, 1897
226 Lochner v. New York, 1905

PART IV: Consolidating Culture?

238 Twelfth Annual Report of the Massachusetts State School Board, Horace Mann, 1848
253 Address on Colonization, Abraham Lincoln, 1862
256 Atlanta Exposition Speech, Booker T.
259 Plessy v. Ferguson, 1896
270 The Talented Tenth, W. E. B. DuBois, 1903
279 Navajo Treaty, 1868
284 Dawes (Indian Lands) Act, 1887
Blaine Amendments
287 Proposed Constitutional Amendment Regarding Religious Establishment, 1876
287 Massachusetts Constitutional Provision, 1855
The Mormon Polygamy Cases
288 Reynolds v. United States, 1879
292 The Late Corporation of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints v.
United States,
Immigration Policy
298 Immigration Act of 1882
301 Immigration Act of 1921
302 Immigration Act of 1924
306 The Principles of Scientific Management, Frederick Winslow Taylor, 1911
314 Buck v. Bell, 1927
316 Introduction to I’ll Take My Stand, Twelve Southerners, 1930

PART V: Reform Movements

324 Populist Party Platform, 1892
327 Coin’s Financial School, William H. Harvey, 1894
331 What Pragmatism Means, William James, 1907
339 The Socialist Party and the Working Class,
Eugene V. Debs, 1904
347 Preamble to the Constitution and By-Laws of the Industrial Workers of the World, 1908
348 The Subjective Necessity for Social Settlements,
Jane Addams, 1892
356 Why the Ward Boss Rules, Jane Addams, 1898
360 Declaration of Principles of the Progressive Party,
Theodore Roosevelt, 1912
The Income Tax
368 Speech on Constitutionality of an Income Tax,
William Howard Taft , 1909
369 U.S. Constitution, Sixteenth Amendment, 1913
Direct Election of U.S. Senators
370 Resolution Opposing Direct Election of Senators, 1893
371 U.S. Constitution, Seventeenth Amendment, 1913
372 Address to Woman’s State Temperance Society,
Elizabeth Cady Stanton, 1853
375 Prohibition Debate, 1917
382 U.S. Constitution, Eighteenth Amendment, 1919
382 U.S. Constitution, Twenty-first Amendment, 1933
Women’s Suffrage
383 The Fundamental Principle of a Republic,
Anna Howard Shaw, 1915
391 Debate on Women’s Suffrage, 1919
396 U.S. Constitution, Nineteenth Amendment, 1920

PART VI: Consolidating Government

400 The Pendleton Act, 1883
404 The Interstate Commerce Act, 1887
410 Veto of Texas Seed Bill, Grover Cleveland, 1887
412 Sherman Antitrust Act, 1890
414 First Message to Congress, Theodore Roosevelt, 1901
418 Federal Trade Commission Act, 1914
423 The Place of the Independent Commission,
Joseph B. Eastman, 1928
428 Radio Address on Unemployment Relief, Herbert Hoover, 1931
431 Commonwealth Club Address, Franklin Delano Roosevelt, 1932
438 First Inaugural Address, Franklin Delano Roosevelt, 1933
441 Federal Emergency Relief Act, 1933
444 National Industrial Recovery Act, 1933
452 Redistribution of Wealth, Huey Long, 1935
457 A. L. A. Schechter Poultry Corp. v. United States, 1935
466 Fireside Chat on the Reorganization of the Judiciary,
Franklin Delano Roosevelt, 1937
472 National Labor Relations Board v. Jones & Laughlin Steel, 1937

PART VII: America in the World

482 Monroe Doctrine, James Monroe, 1823
486 Roosevelt Corollary to Monroe Doctrine,
Theodore Roosevelt, 1904
492 The Fallacy of Territorial Extension, William Graham Sumner, 1896
496 The Star of Empire, Alfred J. Beveridge, 1900
505 Open Door Note, John Hay, 1899
Woodrow Wilson on Neutrality and War
507 Statement on American Neutrality, 1914
508 Address to the Senate Calling for Declaration of War, 1917
Dissent in Wartime
513 Espionage Act, 1917
515 Free Speech in Wartime, Robert La Follette, 1917
527 Sedition Act, 1918
528 Schenck v. United States, 1919
531 Fourteen Points Speech, Woodrow Wilson, 1918
535 Covenant of the League of Nations, 1919
541 Speech against the League of Nations, Henry Cabot Lodge, 1919
555 Kellogg-Briand Pact, 1929
558 Note on Chinchow, Henry L. Stimson, 1932
559 Neutrality and War, Charles A. Lindbergh, 1939
562 The Atlantic Charter, 1941
564 The Four Freedoms, Franklin Delano Roosevelt, 1941
568 Pearl Harbor Speech, Franklin Delano Roosevelt, 1941

571 Sources

573 Index

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