American Policy and the Reconstruction of West Germany, 1945-1955

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This volume of essays by German and American historians deals with the most important issues of U.S. policy toward Germany in the decade following World War II: constitutional problems, political and economic democratization, higher education, urban reconstruction, questions of industry, demilitarization and rearmament, treatment of war criminals, problems of German and European security, and the integration of the Federal Republic of Germany into the Western Alliance. All contributions to this volume are based on recent research in German and American archives, including two comprehensive essays on archival sources in the Federal Republic and the United States for the Occupation period and the era of the Allied High Commission. While a substantial body of historical literature deals with the policies of the U.S. government for Germany (1945-49), archival research into American policy toward Germany in the period of the Allied High Commission (1949-55) is still in an early stage. Relevant records are not easily accessible to historians. The essays in this volume therefore represent one of the first efforts to expand our knowledge of both periods of German history and of American policy toward Germany in the first postwar decade.
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Product Details

Table of Contents

List of Contributors
List of Abbreviations
1 "Ripping Holes in the Iron Curtain": The Council on Foreign Relations and Germany, 1945-1950 1
2 U.S Policy on a West German Constitution, 1947-1949 21
3 American Policy toward German Unification, 1949-1955 45
4 Marshall Plan and Currency Reform 69
5 American Policy toward Germany and the Integration of Europe, 1945-1955 85
6 From Morgenthau Plan to Schuman Plan: America and the Organization of Europe 111
7 Return to Normality: The United States and Ruhr Industry, 1949-1955 135
8 West German Agriculture and the European Recovery Program, 1948-1952 155
9 Science, Technology, and Reparations in Postwar Germany 175
10 American Deconcentration Policy in the Ruhr Coal Industry 197
11 Technology Transfer and the Emergence of the West German Petrochemical Industry, 1945-1955 217
12 The Free University of Berlin: A German Experiment in Higher Education, 1948-1961 237
13 HICOG and the Unions in West Germany: A Study of HICOG's Labor Policy toward the Deutscher Gewerkschaftsbund, 1949-1952 257
14 U.S. Military Occupation, Grass Roots Democracy, and Local German Government 281
15 German Democratization as Conservative Restabilization: The Impact of American Policy 307
16 America and the Rebuilding of Urban Germany 331
17 U.S. Policy toward German Veterans, 1945-1950 353
18 Grand Illusions: The United States, the Federal Republic of Germany, and the European Defense Community, 1950-1954 375
19 The Federal Republic of Germany as a "Battlefield" in American Nuclear Strategy, 1953-1955 395
20 The Presence of American Troops in Germany and German-American Relations, 1949-1956 411
21 John J. McCloy and the Landsberg Cases 433
22 Sources in German Archives on the History of American Policy toward Germany, 1945-1955 455
23 U.S. High Commissioner for Germany and Related Records: Sources for the History of the Federal Republic of Germany, 1949-1955, in the U.S. National Archives and Records Administration 477
Select Bibliography 503
Index 521
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