The American Presidency: Origins and Development, 1776-2007, 5th Edition / Edition 5

The American Presidency: Origins and Development, 1776-2007, 5th Edition / Edition 5

by Sidney M. Milkis, Michael Nelson

ISBN-10: 0872893367

ISBN-13: 9780872893368

Pub. Date: 07/18/2007

Publisher: Congressional Quarterly, Inc.

Product Details

Congressional Quarterly, Inc.
Publication date:
American Presidency Series
Edition description:
Older Edition
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 8.90(h) x 0.90(d)

Table of Contents

Preface     xi
The Constitutional Convention     1
Antecedents     2
The Constitutional Convention     8
Creating the Presidency     26
The Making of the Presidency: An Overview     26
Number of the Executive     29
Selection and Succession     31
Term of Office     34
Removal     35
Institutional Separation from Congress     38
Enumerated Powers     40
The Vice Presidency     54
Ratifying the Constitution     57
Implementing the Constitutional Presidency: George Washington and John Adams     68
The Election of George Washington     68
Making the Presidency Safe for Democracy     71
Forming the Executive Branch     73
Presidential "Supremacy" and the Conduct of the Executive Branch     75
Presidential Nonpartisanship and the Beginning of Party Conflict     78
Washington's Retirement and the Jay Treaty: The Constitutional Crisis of 1796     84
The 1796 Election     87
The Embattled Presidency of John Adams     88
The Alien and Sedition Acts     91
The Triumph of Jeffersonianism     97
The "Revolution"of 1800     98
Jefferson's War with the Judiciary     101
The Democratic-Republican Program and the Adjustment to Power     102
The Limits of "Popular" Leadership     106
The Twelfth Amendment     107
Jefferson's Mixed Legacy     108
The Presidency of James Madison and the Rise of the House of Representatives     109
The Presidencies of James Monroe and John Quincy Adams     112
The Age of Jackson     121
Jacksonian Democracy     122
The Rise of the Party Convention     125
Jackson's Struggle with Congress     125
The Aftermath of the Bank Veto     127
The Decline of the Cabinet     129
The Limits of the Jacksonian Presidency     130
Martin Van Buren and the Panic of 1837     133
The Jacksonian Presidency Sustained     134
John Tyler and the Problem of Presidential Succession     137
The Presidency of James K. Polk     140
The Slavery Controversy and the Twilight of the Jacksonian Presidency     143
The Presidency of Abraham Lincoln     151
Lincoln and the Slavery Controversy     153
The Election of 1860     155
Lincoln and Secession      157
Lincoln's Wartime Measures     158
The Emancipation Proclamation     163
The Election of 1864     165
Lincoln's Legacy     168
The Reaction against Presidential Power: Andrew Johnson to William McKinley     173
Reconstruction and the Assault on Executive Authority     174
The Impeachment of Andrew Johnson     178
Ulysses S. Grant and the Abdication of Executive Power     180
The Fight to Restore Presidential Power     185
Congressional Government and the Prelude to a More Active Presidency     195
Progressive Politics and Executive Power: The Presidencies of Theodore Roosevelt and William Howard Taft     208
Theodore Roosevelt and the Expansion of Executive Power     210
The Troubled Presidency of William Howard Taft     226
Woodrow Wilson and the Defense of Popular Leadership     237
Woodrow Wilson's Theory of Executive Leadership     239
Wilson and Party Reform     241
The Art of Popular Leadership     242
Wilson's Relations with Congress     243
Wilson as World Leader     247
The Triumph of Conservative Republicanism     258
The Harding Era     260
The "Silent" Politics of Calvin Coolidge      267
Herbert C. Hoover and the Great Depression     271
The Twentieth Amendment     275
The Consolidation of the Modern Presidency: Franklin D. Roosevelt to Dwight D. Eisenhower     280
Franklin D. Roosevelt and the Modern Presidency     281
The Modern Presidency Sustained: Harry S. Truman and Dwight D. Eisenhower     298
Personalizing the Presidency: John F. Kennedy to Jimmy Carter     323
John F. Kennedy and the Rise of the "Personal Presidency"     324
Lyndon B. Johnson and Presidential Government     331
The Twenty-fifth Amendment     337
The Presidency of Richard Nixon     340
Gerald R. Ford and the Post-Watergate Era     352
A President Named Jimmy     355
A Restoration of Presidential Power? Ronald Reagan and George H. W. Bush     366
The Reagan Revolution     366
Reagan's Legacy and the Accession of George Bush     379
The Bush Presidency     386
Bill Clinton and the Modern Presidency     398
The Election of 1992     399
The First Year of the Clinton Presidency     401
The 1994 Election and the Restoration of Divided Government     406
The Comeback President     408
Balanced Budgets, Impeachment Politics, and the Limits of the "Third Way"     413
George W. Bush and Beyond     423
The 2000 Election     424
Bush v. Gore     426
The Early Days of the Bush Presidency     428
September 11 and the War on Terrorism     431
An Expanded Presidency     433
Bush and the Republican Party     437
The Modern Presidency in the Twenty-first Century     441
The Vice Presidency     451
The Founding Period     452
The Vice Presidency in the Nineteenth Century     455
Theodore Roosevelt to Harry S. Truman     458
The Modern Vice Presidency     461
Conclusion     474
Appendix     479
Constitution of the United States     481
U.S. Presidents and Vice Presidents     500
Summary of Presidential Elections, 1789-2004     503
Index     513

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