American Promise: A Compact History, Volume II: From 1865 / Edition 3

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Overview

The American Promise: A Compact History offers a unique mid-sized alternative to brief and full-sized texts alike. Designed to draw students into the book and spark their historical imagination, abundant artifacts in the visual program make history tangible and introduces students to material culture, while numerous voices of individuals in the narrative connect students to the people who embraced and contested America's promise. The narrative is condensed by the authors to provide just the right amount of text but not too much to preclude additional readings, and it is enhanced by an abundance of full-color visuals, special features, and study tools — usually paired only with full-length narratives — to engage and support students in every facet of their learning. The unique combination of narrative, visuals, features and study tools in this mid-sized book is offered at a price thirty percent lower than that of its full-length parent text, making the compact edition just the right choice for many courses.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780312448424
  • Publisher: Bedford/St. Martin's
  • Publication date: 8/1/2006
  • Edition description: Third Edition
  • Edition number: 3
  • Pages: 576
  • Sales rank: 564,273
  • Product dimensions: 8.40 (w) x 10.70 (h) x 1.60 (d)

Meet the Author

JAMES L. ROARK is the Samuel Candler Dobbs Professor of History at Emory University. In 1993, he received the Emory Williams Distinguished Teaching Award, and in 2001-2002 he was the Pitt Professor of American History and Institutions at Cambridge University. He has written Masters without Slaves: Southern Planters in the Civil War and Reconstruction. With Michael P. Johnson, he is author of Black Masters: A Free Family of Color in the Old South and editor of No Chariot Let Down: Charleston's Free People of Color on the Eve of the Civil War. He has received research assistance from the American Philosophical Society, the National Endowment for the Humanities, and the Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History.

MICHAEL P. JOHNSON is professor of history at the Johns Hopkins University. His publications include Toward a Patriarchal Republic: The Secession of Georgia; with James L. Roark, Black Masters: A Free Family of Color in the Old South and No Chariot Let Down: Charleston's Free People of Color on the Eve of the Civil War; Abraham Lincoln, Slavery and the Civil War: Selected Writings and Speeches; and Reading the American Past: Selected Historical Documents, the documents reader for The American Promise. Johnson has been awarded research fellowships by the American Council of Learned Societies; the National Endowment for the Humanities; the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences at Stanford University; and the Times Mirror Foundation Distinguished Research Fellowship at the Huntington Library. He has directed a National Endowment for the Humanities Summer Seminar for College Teachers and has been honored with university awards for outstanding teaching. He won the William and Mary Quarterly award for best article in 2002 and the Organization of American Historians ABC-CLIO America: History and Life Award for best American history article in 2002.

PATRICIA CLINE COHEN is professor of history at the University of California, Santa Barbara. She has writtenA Calculating People: The Spread of Numeracy in Early America and The Murder of Helen Jewett: The Life and Death of a Prostitute in Nineteenth-Century New York. She has published articles on quantitative literacy, mathematics education, prostitution, and murder. Her scholarly work has received assistance from the National Endowment for the Humanities, the National Humanities Center, the University of California President's Fellowship in the Humanities, the Schlesinger Library, and the Newberry Library. In 2001-2002 she was the Distinguished Senior Mellon Fellow at the American Antiquarian Society. She served as chair of the history department at Santa Barbara from 2002 to 2005. She is at work on a book about women's health advocate Mary Gove Nichols.

SARAH STAGE is professor of women's studies at Arizona State University. Her books include Female Complaints: Lydia Pinkham and the Business of Women's Medicine and Rethinking Women and Home Economics in the Twentieth Century, which has been translated for a Japanese edition. She has received fellowships from the Rockefeller Foundation, the American Association of University Women, the Charles Warren Center for the Study of History at Harvard University, and the University of California President's Fellowship in the Humanities. She is at work on a book entitled Women and the Progressive Impulse in American Politics, 1890-1914.

ALAN LAWSON is professor of history at Boston College. He has written The Failure of Independent Liberalism and coedited From Revolution to Republic. While completing the forthcoming Ideas in Crisis: The New Deal and the Mobilization of Progressive Experience, he has published book chapters and essays on political economy, the cultural legacy of the New Deal, multiculturalism, and the arts in public life. He has served as editor of the Review of Education and the Intellectual History Newsletter. Under the auspices of the United States Information Agency, Lawson has served as coordinator and lecturer for programs to instruct faculty from foreign nations in the state of American historical scholarship and teaching.

SUSAN M. HARTMANN is professor of history at Ohio State University. She has written Truman and the 80th Congress; The Home Front and Beyond: American Women in the 1940s; From Margin to Mainstream: Women and Politics since 1960; and The Other Feminists: Activists in the Liberal Establishment. Her work has been supported by the Truman Library Institute, the Rockefeller Foundation, the National Endowment for the Humanities, and the American Council of Learned Societies. At Ohio State she has served as director of women's studies, and in 1995 she won the Exemplary Faculty Award in the College of Humanities. Her current research is on gender and the transformation of politics since 1945.

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Table of Contents

Note: Each chapter ends with Suggestions for Further Reading and a "Reviewing the Chapter" section which includes a Timeline, Key Terms, Review questions, and Making Connections.

1. Ancient America: Before 1492
Opening Vignette: Archaeological discovery proves that humans inhabited America for more than 10,000 years
Archaeology and History The First Americans
Beyond America's Borders: Nature's Immigrants
Archaic Hunters and Gatherers Agricultural Settlements and Chiefdoms Native Americans in the 1490s The Mexica: A Meso-American Culture Conclusion: The World of Ancient Americans
Reviewing the Chapter

2. Europeans Encounter the New World, 14921600
Opening Vignette: Christopher Columbus encounters the Tainos of San Salvador
Europe in the Age of Exploration A Surprising New World in the Western Atlantic Spanish Exploration and Conquest
Documenting the American Promise: Justifying Conquest
The New World and Sixteenth-Century Europe Conclusion: The Promise of the New World for Europeans
Reviewing the Chapter

3. The Southern Colonies in the Seventeenth Century, 16011700
Opening Vignette: Pocahontas "rescues" John Smith
An English Colony on the Chesapeake A Tobacco Society
Beyond America's Borders: American Tobacco and European Consumers
The Evolution of Chesapeake Society Religion and Revolt in the Spanish Borderland Toward a Slave Labor System Conclusion: The Growth of English Colonies Based on Export Crops and Slave Labor
Reviewing the Chapter

4. The Northern Colonies in the Seventeenth Century, 16011700
Opening Vignette: Roger Williams is banished from Puritan Massachusetts
Puritan Origins: The English Reformation Puritans and the Settlement of New England
Documenting the American Promise: King Philip Considers Christianity
The Evolution of New England Society The Founding of the Middle Colonies The Colonies and the British Empire Conclusion: An English Model of Colonization in North America
Reviewing the Chapter

5. Colonial America in the Eighteenth Century, 17011770
Opening Vignette: Young Benjamin Franklin arrives in Philadelphia
A Growing Population and Expanding Economy in British North America New England: From Puritan Settlers to Yankee Traders The Middle Colonies: Immigrants, Wheat, and Work The Southern Colonies: Land of Slavery Unifying Experiences Bonds of the British Empire
Documenting the American Promise: Missionaries Report on California Missions
Conclusion: The Dual Identity of British North American Colonists
Reviewing the Chapter

6. The British Empire and the Colonial Crisis, 17541775
Opening Vignette: Loyalist governor Thomas Hutchinson stands his ground in radical Massachusetts
The Seven Years' War, 17541763
Historical Question: How Long Did the Seven Years' War Last in Indian Country?
The Sugar and Stamp Acts, 17631765
The Townshend Acts and Economic Retaliation, 17671770
The Tea Party and the Coercive Acts, 17701774
Domestic Insurrections, 17741775
Conclusion: How Far Does Liberty Go?
Reviewing the Chapter

7. The War for America, 17751783
Opening Vignette: Abigail Adams eagerly awaits independence
The Second Continental Congress
The Promise of Technology: Arming the Soldiers: Muskets and Rifles
The First Year of War, 17751776
The Home Front The Campaigns of 17771779: The North and West The Southern Strategy and the End of the War Conclusion: Why the British Lost
Reviewing the Chapter

8. Building a Republic, 17751789
Opening Vignette: James Madison comes of age in the midst of revolution
The Articles of Confederation The Sovereign States
Documenting the American Promise: Blacks Petition for Freedom and Rights
The Critical Period The United States Constitution Ratification of the Constitution Conclusion: The "Republican Remedy"
Reviewing the Chapter

9. The New Nation Takes Form, 17891800
Opening Vignette: Alexander Hamilton struggles with the national debt
The Search for Stability
Beyond America's Borders: France, England, and Woman's Rights in the 1790s
Hamilton's Economic Policies Conflicts West, East, and South Federalists and Republicans Conclusion: Parties Nonetheless
Reviewing the Chapter

10. Republicans in Power, 18001824
Opening Vignette: The Shawnee chief Tecumseh attempts to forge a pan-Indian confederacy
Jefferson's Presidency The Madisons in the White House
The Promise of Technology: Stoves Transform Cooking
Women's Status in the Early Republic Monroe and Adams Conclusion: Republican Simplicity Becomes Complex
Reviewing the Chapter

11. The Expanding Republic, 18151840
Opening Vignette: The rise of Andrew Jackson, symbol of a self-confident and expanding nation
The Market Revolution The Spread of Democracy Cultural Shifts, Religion, and Reform
Beyond America's Borders: Transatlantic Abolition
Jackson Defines the Democratic Party Conclusion: The Age of Jackson or the Era of Reform?
Reviewing the Chapter

12. The New West and Free North, 18401860
Opening Vignette: Young Abraham Lincoln and his family struggle to survive in antebellum America
The Westward Movement Expansion and the Mexican-American War
Historical Question: Who Rushed for California Gold?
Economic and Industrial Evolution Free Labor: Promise and Reality Reforming Self and Society Conclusion: Free Labor, Free Men
Reviewing the Chapter

13. The Slave South, 18201860
Opening Vignette: Slave Nat Turner leads a revolt to end slavery
The Growing Distinctiveness of the South Masters, Mistresses, and the Big House
Historical Question: How Often Were Slaves Whipped?
Slaves and the Quarter Black and Free: On the Middle Ground The Plain Folk The Politics of Slavery Conclusion: A Slave Society
Reviewing the Chapter

14. The House Divided, 18461861
Opening Vignette: Abolitionist John Brown takes his war against slavery to Harper's Ferry, Virginia
The Bitter Fruits of War The Sectional Balance Undone
Beyond America's Borders: Filibusters: The Underside of Manifest Destiny
Realignment of the Party System Freedom under Siege The Union Collapses Conclusion: Slavery, Free Labor, and the Failure of Political Compromise
Reviewing the Chapter

15. The Crucible of War, 18611865
Opening Vignette: Runaway slave William Gould enlists in the U.S. navy
"And the War Came"
The Combatants Battling It Out, 18611862
Union and Freedom The South at War The North at War Grinding Out Victory, 18631865
Historical Question: Why Did So Many Soldiers Die?
Conclusion: The Second American Revolution
Reviewing the Chapter

16. Reconstruction, 18631877
Opening Vignette: Northern victory freed the field hand York, but it did not change his former master's mind about the need for slavery
Wartime Reconstruction
Documenting the American Promise: The Meaning of Freedom
Presidential Reconstruction Congressional Reconstruction The Struggle in the South Reconstruction Collapses Conclusion: "A Revolution But Half Accomplished"
Reviewing the Chapter

17. Business and Politics in the Gilded Age, 18701895
Opening Vignette: Mark Twain and the Gilded Age
Old Industries Transformed, New Industries Born
Documenting the American Promise: Rockefeller and His Critics
From Competition to Consolidation Politics and Culture Presidential Politics in the Gilded Age Economic Issues and Shifting Political Alliances Conclusion: Business Dominates an Era
Reviewing the Chapter

18. The West in the Gilded Age, 18701900
Opening Vignette: Native American boarding school students celebrate Indian citizenship
Gold Fever and the Mining West
The Promise of Technology: Hydraulic Mining
Land Fever A Clash of Cultures Conclusion: The West, an Integral Part of Gilded Age America
Reviewing the Chapter

19. The City and Its Workers, 18701900
Opening Vignette: Workers build the Brooklyn Bridge
The Rise of the City At Work in the City Workers Organize At Home and at Play City Growth and City Government
Beyond America's Borders: The World's Columbian Exposition and Nineteenth-Century World's Fairs
Conclusion: Who Built the Cities?
Reviewing the Chapter

20. Dissent, Depression, and War, 18901900
Opening Vignette: The people create the Populist Party in 1892
The Farmers' Revolt
Documenting the American Promise: Voices of Protest
The Labor Wars Women's Activism Depression Politics The United States and the World War and Empire Conclusion: Rallying around the Flag
Reviewing the Chapter

21. Progressivism from the Grass Roots to the White House, 18901916
Opening Vignette: Jane Addams founds Hull House
Grassroots Progressivism Progressivism: Theory and Practice Progressivism Finds a President: Theodore Roosevelt
The Promise of Technology: Flash Photography and the Birth of Photojournalism
Progressivism Stalled Woodrow Wilson and Progressivism at High Tide The Limits of Progressive Reform Conclusion: The Transformation of the Liberal State
Reviewing the Chapter

22. World War I: The Progressive Crusade at Home and Abroad, 19141920
Opening Vignette: General Pershing struggles to protect the autonomy of the American Expeditionary Force
Woodrow Wilson and the World
"Over There"
The Crusade for Democracy at Home A Compromised Peace Democracy at Risk
Beyond America's Borders: Bolshevism
Conclusion: Troubled Crusade
Reviewing the Chapter

23. From New Era to Great Depression, 19201932
Opening Vignette: Henry Ford puts America on wheels
The New Era
The Promise of Technology: Better Living through Electricity
The Roaring Twenties Resistance to Change The Great Crash Life in the Depression Conclusion: Dazzle and Despair
Reviewing the Chapter

24. The New Deal Experiment, 19321939
Opening Vignette: The Bonus Army marches into Washington, D.C.
Franklin D. Roosevelt: A Patrician in Government Launching the New Deal Challenges to the New Deal
Historical Question: Huey Long: Demagogue or Champion of the Dispossessed?
Toward a Welfare State The New Deal from Victory to Deadlock Conclusion: Achievements and Limitations of the New Deal
Reviewing the Chapter

25. The United States and the Second World War, 19391945
Opening Vignette: Colonel Paul Tibbets drops the atomic bomb on Hiroshima, Japan
Peacetime Dilemmas The Onset of War Mobilizing for War Fighting Back The Wartime Home Front
Beyond America's Borders: Nazi Anti-Semitism and the Atomic Bomb
Toward Unconditional Surrender Conclusion: Allied Victory and America's Emergence as a Superpower
Reviewing the Chapter

26. Cold War Politics in the Truman Years, 19451953
Opening Vignette: Secretary of State Dean Acheson, President Truman's "good right hand"
From the Grand Alliance to Containment
Documenting the American Promise: The Emerging Cold War
Truman and the Fair Deal at Home The Cold War Becomes Hot: Korea Conclusion: The Cold War's Costs and Consequences
Reviewing the Chapter

27. The Politics and Culture of Abundance, 19521960
Opening Vignette: Vice President Nixon and Russian Premier Khrushchev debate the merits of U.S. and Soviet societies
Eisenhower and the Politics of the "Middle Way"
Liberation Rhetoric and the Practice of Containment New Work and Living Patterns in an Economy of Abundance
The Promise of Technology: Air-Conditioning
The Culture of Abundance Emergence of a Civil Rights Movement Conclusion: Peace and Prosperity Mask Unmet Challenges
Reviewing the Chapter

28. Reform, Rebellion, and Reaction, 19601974
Opening Vignette: Fannie Lou Hamer leads grassroots struggles of African Americans for voting rights and political empowerment
Liberalism at High Tide The Second Reconstruction A Multitude of Movements The New Wave of Feminism
Beyond America's Borders: Transnational Feminisms
Liberal Reform in the Nixon Administration Conclusion: Achievements and Limitations of Liberalism
Reviewing the Chapter

29. Vietnam and the Limits of Power, 19611975
Opening Vignette: American GIs arrive in Vietnam
New Frontiers in Foreign Policy Lyndon Johnson's War against Communism
Historical Question: Why Couldn't the United States Bomb Its Way to Victory in Vietnam?
A Nation Polarized Nixon, Dtente, and the Search for Peace in Vietnam Nixon's Search for Peace with Honor in Vietnam Conclusion: An Unwinnable War
Reviewing the Chapter

30. America Moves to the Right, 19691989
Opening Vignette: Phyllis Schlafly promotes conservatism
Nixon and the Rise of Postwar Conservatism Constitutional Crisis and Restoration The "Outsider" Presidency of Jimmy Carter Ronald Reagan and the Conservative Ascendancy
Historical Question: Why Did the ERA Fail?
Continuing Struggles over Rights and the Environment Ronald Reagan Confronts an "Evil Empire"
Conclusion: Reversing the Course of Government
Reviewing the Chapter

31. The End of the Cold War and the Challenges of Globalization: Since 1989
Opening Vignette: Colin Powell adjusts to a postCold War world
Domestic Stalemate and Global Upheaval: The Presidency of George H. W. Bush The Clinton Administration's Search for the Middle Ground
Beyond America's Borders: Jobs in a Globalizing Era
The United States in a Globalizing World President George W. Bush: Conservatism at Home and Radical Initiatives Abroad Conclusion: Defining the Government's Role at Home and Abroad
Reviewing the Chapter

Appendices
I. Documents II. Facts and Figures: Government, Economy, and Demographics III. Research Resources in U.S. History
Glossary of Historical Vocabulary
Index

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