American Social Welfare Policy: A Pluralist Approach / Edition 5

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Overview

Now featuring a full-color design, the best-selling text for policy analysis provides students with a comprehensive overview of social welfare policy in the United States while examining cutting-edge issues.

Thoroughly updated and revised to reflect the impact of dramatic changes in social welfare policy, the Fifth Edition continues to focus on how the major sectors of social welfare policy—the voluntary, governmental, and corporate sectors—operate and co-exist (the "pluralist approach"), while also offering a clear, user-friendly framework for policy analysis.

Highlights of the Fifth Edition:

  • NEW chapter on Religion and Social Policy examines the past and present relationship between religion and the creation and the implementation of social policy.
  • Chapter 4, "Discrimination in American Society," includes coverage of the minority middle class, a comprehensive examination of gay and lesbian marriage, and an updated section on immigration policies since September 11, 2001.
  • Chapter 5, "Poverty in America," includes a detailed section on the fringe economy, its impact on poverty, and a new section on Individual Development Accounts (IDAs) and the digital divide.
  • Chapter 8, "The Making of Governmental Policy," provides updates on special interests, lobbyists, and their influence on the 2004 election.
  • Chapter 9, "Tax Policy and Income Distribution," examines the impact of the Bush tax cuts on social welfare policy.
  • Chapter 11, "Public Assistance Programs," includes updated information on public assistance programs, including an evaluation of the effects of welfare reformlegislation and new changes to Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF).
  • Chapter 16, "Housing Policies" includes new material on obstacles to homeownership, such as predatory home mortgages, increases in housing prices, and racial and class discrimination in home purchases.
  • A newly revised companion website with practice tests, flashcards, web links, and more! www.ablongman.com/karger5e.
Don’t Miss These Exciting Value-Added Options!

Themes of the Times for Social Welfare Policy
This collection of recent articles from the New York Times will give insight into current issues and debates, highlighting interesting research, and show some of the practical applications of studying social welfare policy. Themes of the Times for Social Welfare Policy is available FREE when packaged with this text: 0-205-46204-9.

Controversial Issues in Social Policy, 2/e, Karger, et al.
This text is an edited collection of contemporary social policy debates conducted between some of the foremost thinkers in the field of social work, as well as prominent authors in other fields. Jargon-free debates make the text easily accessible and interesting for students. The text stresses the importance of critical and independent thought in the educational process. Controversial Issues in Social Policy is available FREE when packaged with this text: 0-205-47167-6.








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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780205401826
  • Publisher: Allyn & Bacon, Inc.
  • Publication date: 7/18/2005
  • Edition description: REV
  • Edition number: 5
  • Pages: 544
  • Product dimensions: 7.96 (w) x 10.64 (h) x 1.02 (d)

Table of Contents

Frontmatter in Research Navigator edition includes: 48 pages of additional material, featuring a chapter-by-chapter update on various policy issues, changes in Congress and legislation since publication of the 5/e in July 2005.  (Note: frontmatter numbered as RN-1, etc, so it does not affect the pagination of the original 5/e, therefore no need to change syllabi if currently using the 5/e of Karger). “Research Activities” at the end of each chapter in frontmatter to help students think critically about social welfare and conduct additional research in areas of interest.

 

New! An access code for Research Navigator is now included on the inside front cover. 

 

 

Each chapter concludes with “Conclusion,” “Discussion Questions,” and “Notes.”   

 

Preface.

 

I. AMERICAN SOCIAL WELFARE POLICY.

 

1. Social Policy and the American Welfare State.    

 

Definitions of Social Welfare Policy    

 

Social Problems and Social Welfare Policy  

           

Social Work and Social Policy   

 

Values, Ideology, and Social Welfare Policy   

 

The Political Economy of American Social Welfare   

 

The U.S. Economic Continuum   

Keynesian Economics   

Conservative or Free Market Economics   

Democratic Socialism   

 

The U.S. Political Continuum    

Liberalism and Left-of-Center Movements   

Classical Conservatives and the Far Right

 

The Welfare Philosophers and the Neoconservative Think Tanks    

 

2. Social Welfare Policy Research: a Framework for Policy Analysis.

 

A Proposed Model for Policy Analysis

Historical Background of the Policy   

Problem(s) That Necessitate the Policy

Policy Description   

Policy Analysis   

 

Researching and Analyzing Social Policies

Social Policy Research and the Internet

Journals and Online Research  

Online Data Collection  

Ethical Concerns Related to Online Research Involving Human Subjects  

Finding and Accessing Online Information  

Citing and Documenting Information Obtained Online  

Evaluating Reliable and Legitimate Internet Sources   

Electronic Journals: An Increasingly Popular Venue   

Online Publishing

 

3. Religion and Social Welfare Policy (by Howard Jacob Karger and Peter Kindle).

 

Religious Antecedents of Welfare Statism

The English Poor Laws

Church, State, and Social Welfare in Colonial America

The Second Great Awakening

The Civil War Era

The Late Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries

 

The Rise Of Social Work As A Profession

Urban Needs During Industrialization

Charity Organization Societies

Settlement Houses

The Social Casework Agency

The Progressive Movement

 

Religion and the Post-Industrial Welfare State

The Fundamentalist Controversy and Its Aftermath

The Great Depression and New Deal

Patterns of Religious Change

Religion and the New Media

Secularization

The Reawakening of a Religious Social Conscience and the Great Society

The Continuing Decline of Mainline Influence    

The New Christian Right

 

 

4. Discrimination in American Society. 

 

Discrimination   

 

Racism   

 

The Minority Middle Class

 

Discrimination against African Americans          

The "Diswelfare" of African Americans   

 

Hispanic Americans    

 

The Demography of Hispanic Americans   

Hispanic Poverty and Income   

Diversity in the Hispanic Population   

 

Native Americans   

 

Asian Americans   

 

Immigrants and Immigration   

 

Women and Society    

Violence and Sexism   

The Feminization of Poverty   

Women and Low-Income Work   

Women and Work   

Income and Job Disparities between Men and Women   

Day Care: A Barrier to Female Employment   

Women in Uniform   

Other Obstacles Faced by Working Women   

                        Fighting Back: The Equal Rights Amendment and Comparable Worth   

Abortion and Women's Rights   

 

Gays and Lesbians: Two Populations at Risk   

Violence against Gays and Lesbians   

Gay Rights   

Gay and Lesbians in the Military   

Gay and Lesbian Family Life   

AIDS and the Gay Community  

 

Ageism   

The Elderly Poor and Social Programs   

Health Care and the Elderly   

 

People with Disabilities    

 

Legal Attempts to Remedy Discrimination   

Affirmative Action   

 

5.  Poverty in America.    

 

Some Theoretical Formulations about Poverty    

African Americans and Poverty   

The Culture of Poverty  

Eugenics and Poverty   

The Radical School and Poverty    

 

Who Make Up the Poor?    

U.S. Poverty Highlights   

 

Measuring Poverty   

 

Families and Poverty    

Child Support Enforcement   

Children in Poverty   

Poverty and the Elderly   

 

The Urban and Rural Poor   

 

Work and Poverty   

A Profile of the Working Poor   

Why Are There Working Poor?   

Underemployment and Unemployment   

Job Training Programs   

Dual Labor Markets   

The Minimum Wage and Poverty   

 

Strategies Developed to Combat Poverty    

IDAs

Three Approaches to Combat Poverty

 

The Digital Divide

 

America’s Fringe Economy

The Unbanked and the Functionally Poor

Credit and the Poor

The Furniture and Appliance Rental Industry

Cash Loans

Pawnshops

Car Title Pawns

Payday Loans

Tax Refund Loans (RALs)

Check-Cashing

Transportation in the Fringe Economy

 

II. THE VOLUNTARY AND FOR-PROFIT SOCIAL SECTORS.

 

6. The Voluntary Sector Today.

 

Structural Interests within Social Welfare    

Traditional Providers   

Welfare Bureaucrats   

Clinical Entrepreneurs   

Human Service Executives   

Marginal Interests   

 

The Forgotten Sector   

 

Advancing Social Justice    

 

Contemporary Nonprofit Human Service Organizations    

The United Way   

Elite Philanthropy   

 

The Future of the Voluntary Sector    

Commercialization   

Faith-Based Social Services   

Social Entrepreneurship   

 

7. Privatization and Human Service Corporations.   

 

Concerns about Privatization

Privatizing Public Welfare  

 

Issues in the Privatization of Health and Human Services    

Commercialization  

Preferential Selection   

Cost-Effectiveness   

Standardization   

Oligopolization   

 

The Challenge of Privatization    

 

Unions and the Private Sector   

 

Corporate Welfare   

 

History of the Corporate Sector   

 

Corporate Social Responsibility   

 

Corporate Influence on Social Welfare Policy    

The American Enterprise Institute (AEI)   

The Heritage Foundation   

 

The Future of Corporate Involvement in Social Welfare   

 

Human Service Corporations    

The Scope of Human Service Corporations   

 

Consolidation and Growth in Human Service Markets    

Nursing Homes   

Hospital Management   

Health Maintenance Organizations   

Child Care   

Home Health Care   

Corrections   

Life Care and Continuing Care   

 

III. THE GOVERNMENT SECTOR.

 

8. The Making of Governmental Policy.    

 

Technical Aspects of the Policy Process   

 

A Critical Analysis of the Policy Process  

 

The Policy Process   

Social Stratification   

Formulation   

Legislation   

Implementation   

Evaluation   

 

Non-Decision Making    

 

Social Workers and Social Reform   

 

Social Work and Advocacy Organizations

Advocacy Organizations and the New Policy Institutes  

 

Political Practice

 

9. Tax Policy and Income Distribution.   

 

History of U.S. Tax Policy  

 

Tax Policy and Special Interests   

 

Federal Tax Policy   

 

State Tax Policy and the Poor   

 

The Efficiency of Tax Policy in Reducing Poverty   

 

Tax Expenditures as Poverty Policy   

 

The Antitax Movement    

 

10. Social Insurance Programs.    

 

Definition of Social Insurance   

                

                The Background of Social Insurance   

 

                The Financial Organization of Social Insurance   

 

                Key Social Insurance Programs    

OASDI   

Unemployment Insurance   

Workers' Compensation   

                 

                The Social Security Dilemma    

Arguments against the Current Social Security System   

Arguments for the Current Social Security System   

Social Security in Trouble   

The Long-Term Prospects for Social Security   

Proposed Solutions for Social Security   

Should We Privatize Social Security?   

 

11. Public Assistance Programs.    

 

Some Assumptions That Underlie Public Assistance    

Myths about Public Assistance   

 

Aid to Families with Dependent Children    

The Evolution of the AFDC Program   

The Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996   

State Welfare Reform Waivers   

Has the PRWORA Worked?

Proposed Changes in the TANF Program  

 

Supplemental Security Income   

 

General Assistance   

 

Trends and Issues in Public Assistance  

Transforming Public Assistance Policy into Labor Policy

Teenage Pregnancy   

The Underclass   

Welfare Behaviorism   

Welfare to Work   

The Inadequacy of Public Assistance Benefits   

 

Appendix: Highlights of Selected State Welfare Demonstration Projects, 2000

 

12. The American Health Care System.

 

The Uninsured

 

The Organization of Medical Services   

 

Major Public Health Care Programs: Medicare, Medicaid, and S-CHIP   

Medicare   

Medicaid   

The State Children's Health Insurance Program (S-CHIP)   

The Tobacco Settlement   

 

The Health Care Crisis    

Overview of U.S. Health Care Expenditures   

U.S. Health Care in International Perspective 

 

Explaining the High Cost of U.S. Health Care    

Hospital Costs

Physicians' Salaries

The Pharmaceutical Industry

 

Cutting Health Care Costs    

Managed Care   

The Underinsured   

 

AIDS and Health Care    

 

Reforming U.S. Health Care    

Socialized Medicine   

National Health Insurance   

Incremental Reform   

 

Comparative Analysis: Health Care in Canada and Britain   

The Canadian Health Care System   

Britain's National Health Service   

 

13. Mental Health and Substance Abuse Policy    

 

Mental Health Reform   

 

The Community Mental Health Centers Acts   

 

Deinstitutionalization   

 

The Revolving Door   

 

CMHCs under Siege   

 

Preventive Commitment   

 

Mental Health Service Delivery   

 

Parity for Mental Health Care   

 

Substance Abuse    

History of Substance Abuse   

Alcohol Abuse   

Drug Abuse   

 

Private Practice and Mental Health Services  

                        Private Practice in Social Work   

The Business of Private Practice   

The Future of the Private Sector   

 

14. Criminal Justice.    

 

History of U.S. Criminal Justice   

 

The Criminal Justice System   

 

Juvenile Justice   

 

The War on Drugs   

 

The Underclass and "Moral Poverty"   

 

Legalization of Drugs   

 

The "New Penology"   

 

The Future of Criminal Justice   

 

15. Child Welfare Policy.

 

History of U.S. Child Welfare Policy   

 

Protective Services for Children   

 

Foster Care for Children   

 

Adoption   

 

Head Start   

 

Emerging Issues in Child Welfare  

Day Care    

Maternal and Child Health   

Teen Pregnancy   

 

16. Housing Policies.   

 

Overview of Housing Legislation   

 

The Federal Government and Low-Income Housing Programs   

 

Issues in Housing Policy    

Trends in U.S. Housing   

Problems in Home Ownership   

Problems in Finding Affordable Rental Housing   

Other Factors Affecting Housing   

 

Homelessness   

Characteristics of the Homeless Population  

Trends in Homelessness   

Attempts to Address Homelessness   

 

Housing Reform    

17. The Politics of Food Policy and Rural Life.    

 

Hunger in the United States    

The Face of American Hunger

 

Governmental Food Programs    

A Short History of Food Stamps and a Description of the Program   

Food Stamps: Who Is in the Program and What Does It Cost?   

Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC)   

Other Food Programs

Have the Food Programs Worked?   

 

Farming in the United States    

Governmental Farm Policies

The Face of U.S. Farming   

 

Farmworkers   

Who Are America's Farmworkers?   

 

Issues in American Farming

The Corporatization of American Farming

Sustainable Agriculture   

 

IV. THE AMERICAN WELFARE STATE IN PERSPECTIVE.

 

18. The American Welfare State in International Perspective.    

 

Typologies of Welfare States   

 

American Exceptionalism   

 

The Welfare State in Transition   

 

Ranking National Development    

The Weighted Index of Social Progress   

The Human Development Index   

 

Capability Poverty  

 

International Aid   

 

Global Capital   

 

The Future   

 

Glossary.   

 

Index.  

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