American Trade Politics, Third Edition / Edition 3

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1995 Trade paperback 3rd ed. New. No dust jacket as issued. Shipping upgrade! Order processed within minutes of your purchase! In business since 1975! we note mild ... shopwear/coverwear to $25 retail 3rd edition! Over 70% off MSRP! Trade paperback (US). Glued binding. 337 p. Audience: General/trade. Read more Show Less

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Overview

Awarded the American Political Science Association's Gladys Kammerer award for the best book on US national policy, American Trade Politics examines how the US policymaking process has enabled the United States to reduce its own import barriers and lead the world toward a more open trading regime. Since the 1970s, enormous political changes, compounded by unprecedented US trade deficits, have brought institutional erosion and some backsliding on trade policy.

In this third edition Destler extends his analysis to asses the politics of the extraordinarily contentious debates over NAFTA and the Uruguay Round. He explains how free traders overcame the opposing forces represented by H. Ross Perot, Pat Buchanan, and Ralph Nader to secure congressional approval for the two most important US trade agreements in the postwar period. The liberal trade regime survived these latest challenges, but Destler nevertheless argues that there is a need for reform of the policymaking system in the 1990s to advance US-led free trade negotiations in the Western Hemisphere and the Asia Pacific as well as future rounds of global liberalization.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780881322156
  • Publisher: Peterson Institute for International Economics
  • Publication date: 5/28/1995
  • Series: Twentieth Century Fund Books Series
  • Edition description: Older Edition
  • Edition number: 3
  • Pages: 337
  • Product dimensions: 6.04 (w) x 9.05 (h) x 0.73 (d)

Table of Contents

Foreword ix
Preface xiii
I Origin
1 Trade Politics: The Root Problem, the Continuing Crisis 3
2 The Old System: Protection for Congress 11
Protecting Congress from Trade Pressures 14
The "Bargaining Tariff" 16
The "Bicycle Theory" and "Export Politics" 17
The Executive Broker 18
"The Rules" 21
Deals for "Special Cases" 24
Strong Congressional Committees 27
Trade as a Nonparty Issue 30
The System's Advantages and Limits 32
The Contradictions of the System 34
The "Bargaining Tariff" as Vanishing Asset 34
International Openness Versus Domestic Intervention 35
Success as Multiplier of Trade Pressures 36
The Dilemma of the Rules 37
II Erosion
3 A Tougher World: Changes in the Context of Trade Policy 41
15 August as Prologue 41
The Trade Explosion 45
The "Decline" of the United States 47
The Rise of New Competitors 50
The Erosion of the GATT 53
Stagflation 54
Floating Exchange Rates and Dollar "Misalignment" 57
Economic Tripolarity and the End of the Cold War 61
A Tougher World 62
4 A Less Protected Congress 65
Congressional Reform and the Weakening of Ways and Means 67
Renewing the Delegation of Power: The "Fast-Track" Procedures 71
Industry-Specific Proposals: The Automobile Case 77
Committee Competition and Policy Entrepreneurship 80
The Trade and Tariff Act of 1984: Pressure Contained 84
1985-88: The Years of Trade 89
The Omnibus Trade and Competitiveness Act of 1988 92
Mexico and Fast-Track Renewal 98
1984 and After: The Leadership Difference 103
5 An Embattled Executive 105
STR's Early Ups and Downs 107
Strauss and the MTN: The STR on Center Stage 109
The Executive Broker and Its Critics 114
The Carter Reorganization 117
Reagan I: Commerce Versus USTR 118
USTR and Presidential Ambivalence 120
Liberal Words, Protectionist Deeds 122
Reagan II: An Eight-Month Vacuum 123
Reagan II: The Shift to Activism 125
Targeting the World: Section 301 126
Targeting Japan: From MOSS to Semiconductor Sanctions 128
Working the Trade Bill: Damage Limitation 131
Carla Hills and Super 301 132
Geneva Versus Mexico City? 134
Broker in Need of a Breakthrough 135
The USTR Enters Its Thirties 137
6 Changing the Rules: The Rise of Administrative Trade Remedies 139
Through the Early 1970s: Little Relief 141
The Trade Act of 1974 142
The Result: Slightly More Relief 145
The Trade Agreements Act of 1979 148
The Declining Use of the Escape Clause 150
The Decline of Trade Adjustment Assistance 152
The Upsurge in "Unfair Trade" Cases 154
Forcing Political Solutions 157
Steel Wins Comprehensive Protection 159
Trade-Remedies Reform: The Gibbons Bill 162
The Omnibus Legislation of 1986-88 164
Administrative Remedies: A Balance Sheet on the 1980s 166
The Limits of Administrative Remedies 170
7 The National Arena: More Open, More Partisan 175
An "Amazing Political Reversal"? 176
A Newly Ambivalent Elite 181
Challenges to Laissez-Faire Trade Doctrine 185
New Patterns of Interest-Group Politics 191
Conclusions 198
III Summation and Prescription
8 Summing Up: The System Held, But Stay Tuned 203
First, Some Good News 204
Next, The Bad News 208
Looking Ahead 214
9 1992-94: Missions Accomplished? 217
From Bush to Clinton 218
The NAFTA Debate: Clinton Cedes the Field to the Critics 222
Clinton Recovers, and Wins Big 224
Japan, China, and APEC 229
Brussels and Geneva: Completing the Uruguay Round 231
US Business, Human Rights, and the China Market 233
Japan: Failure and Modest Success 236
Implementing the Uruguay Round: A Slow Start 238
Antidumping: Reversing the Round 240
The Loss of Future Fast-Track 244
The WTO and US "Sovereignty" 245
Delaying the Process: Dole, Hollings, and Gingrich 247
From Partisan Wrangle to Bipartisan Victory 251
Looking to the Future 255
10 What to Do? A Framework for Future US Trade Policy 259
Policy for the Near Term 260
A New Agenda? 260
More Effective Trade Advocacy 261
A Trimmed-Down Fast-Track Process 261
Managing Trade Policy: A Basic Prescription 264
How Not to Cure Trade Imbalances 269
Trade With Japan: Right Problem, Wrong Solution 270
Getting Serious About Trade Imbalances 276
Education 276
Macroeconomic Policy 277
Microeconomic Policy: Promoting Adjustment and Productivity Growth 280
The Role of Trade Policy 285
Can the System Be Salvaged? 286
Policy Tools: International Negotiations 289
Flexibility on Fast-Track 290
Revising the Trade-Remedy Laws 290
Keeping Section 301 293
Using Section 301: Strategic Trade Policy or Sectoral Reciprocity? 294
A Separate Trade Policy Toward Japan? 297
A USTR-Based Trade Reorganization 298
Policy Tools: New Approaches to Trade Adjustment 302
In Defense of Trade Brokering 305
Glossary 309
Index 325
Figures
3.1 United States: nominal effective exchange rates, 1980-93 58
6.1 Escape clause investigations, 1975-94 151
6.2 Countervailing duty and antidumping investigations, 1979-94 151
Tables
3.1 United States: merchandise imports, exports, and trade balance, 1960-94 45
6.1 Antidumping, countervailing duty, and Section 201 investigations initiated, 1979-94 166
6.2 Antidumping cases and results, 1980-93 168
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