America's Challenge: Engaging a Rising China in the Twenty-First Century

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The emergence of the People's Republic of China on the world scene constitutes the most significant event in world politics since the end of World War II. As the world's predominant political, economic, and military power, the United States faces a particularly significant challenge in responding to China's rising power and influence, especially in Asia.

Offering a fresh perspective on current and future U.S. policy toward China, Michael Swaine examines the basic interests and beliefs behind U.S.-China relations, recent U.S. and Chinese policy practices in seven key areas, and future trends most likely to affect U.S. policy. American leaders, he concludes, must reexamine certain basic assumptions and approaches regarding America's position in the Western Pacific, integrate China policy more effectively into a broader Asian strategy, and recalibrate the U.S. balance between cooperative engagement and deterrence toward Beijing.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher

"China's rise presents America with its biggest foreign policy challenge. This book comprehensively and deftly lays out the considerations relevant to wise policy formulation. Swaine offers analysis and recommendations in a manner that both informs and enlightens. It will be an invaluable resource for policymakers, concerned citizens, and students."—J. Stapleton Roy, former U.S. ambassador to China

"For the last two decades Michael Swaine has provided some of the most enlightening and accurate views of Chinese thought. Here he engineers a convincing logic of the need to reassess our strategy in the U.S.-China relationship. His recommendations lay the foundation for the necessary debate."—Joseph W. Prueher, former U.S. ambassador to China, former commander, U.S. Pacific Command, and James Schlesinger
Distinguished Professor at the Miller Center, University of Virginia

"A significant and needed contribution to the literature on U.S.-China relations. Some conclusions are striking and will prove controversial."—Aaron L. Friedberg, Professor at Princeton University and former deputy assistant to the vice president for national security affairs

"Swaine's comprehensive, intensively researched analysis of trends in U.S.-China relations and sophisticated judgments on the opportunities, pitfalls, and prospects for American China policy deserve wide attention."—Alice Miller, Research Fellow, Hoover Institution, Stanford University

"This book is unusually important—a 'must-read' by specialists who are concerned with U.S.-China relations."—Robert Sutter, Visiting Professor of Asian Studies at the School of Foreign Service, Georgetown University

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780870032578
  • Publisher: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace
  • Publication date: 6/6/2011
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Pages: 673
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 8.90 (h) x 1.50 (d)

Meet the Author

Michael D. Swaine is a senior associate in the Carnegie Endowment's Asia Program. The author of more than ten monographs on security policy in the region, Swaine is one of the most prominent U.S. analysts in Chinese security studies and U.S.-China relations.

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Table of Contents

Acknowledgments vii

Acronyms ix

Foreword xiii

Introduction 1

01 Interests, Strategies, and Policy Objectives 21

02 Political and Security Relations with Key Asian Powers 53

03 Multilateral Interactions, Bilateral Dialogues, and Asian Perceptions 115

04 Military Deployments and Relations 147

05 Economic Relations and Development Assistance 183

06 Global Terrorism and WMD Proliferation 223

07 Nontraditional Security Threats: Climate Change and Pandemics 255

08 Human Rights and Democracy Promotion 279

09 The Influence of Structure, Strategy, and Tactics 307

10 Concluding Observations and Recommendations 337

Appendix 381

Notes 387

Bibliography 623

Index 649

About the Author 673

Carnegie Endowment for International Peace 675

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