America's Secret War against Bolshevism: U.S. Intervention in the Russian Civil War, 1917-1920

Overview

From the Russian revolutions of 1917 to the end of the Civil War in 1920, Woodrow Wilson's administration sought to oppose the Bolsheviks in a variety of covert ways. Drawing on previously unavailable American and Russian archival material, David Foglesong chronicles both sides of this secret war and reveals a new dimension to the first years of the U.S.-Soviet rivalry. Foglesong explores the evolution of Wilson's ambivalent attitudes toward socialism and revolution before 1917 and analyzes the social and ...
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Overview

From the Russian revolutions of 1917 to the end of the Civil War in 1920, Woodrow Wilson's administration sought to oppose the Bolsheviks in a variety of covert ways. Drawing on previously unavailable American and Russian archival material, David Foglesong chronicles both sides of this secret war and reveals a new dimension to the first years of the U.S.-Soviet rivalry. Foglesong explores the evolution of Wilson's ambivalent attitudes toward socialism and revolution before 1917 and analyzes the social and cultural origins of American anti-Bolshevism. Constrained by his espousal of the principle of self-determination, by idealistic public sentiment, and by congressional restrictions, Wilson had to rely on secretive methods to affect the course of the Russian Civil War. The administration provided covert financial and military aid to anti-Bolshevik forces, established clandestine spy networks, concealed the purposes of limited military expeditions to northern Russia and Siberia, and delivered ostensibly humanitarian assistance to soldiers fighting to overthrow the Soviet government. In turn, the Soviets developed and secretly funded a propaganda campaign in the United States designed to mobilize public opposition to anti-Bolshevik activity, promote American-Soviet economic ties, and win diplomatic recognition from Washington.
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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
A well-researched account of the dilemma faced by Woodrow Wilson in fashioning a policy toward the Bolshevik Revolution. (Choice)

Carefully researched, clearly written, and provocative. (Slavic Review)

Foglesong's provocative book is among the pioneers in this bold new American scholarship. (Journal of American History)

From the Publisher

A well-researched account of the dilemma faced by Woodrow Wilson in fashioning a policy toward the Bolshevik Revolution. (Choice)

Carefully researched, clearly written, and provocative. (Slavic Review)

Foglesong's provocative book is among the pioneers in this bold new American scholarship. (Journal of American History)

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780807849583
  • Publisher: The University of North Carolina Press
  • Publication date: 2/28/2001
  • Edition description: 2
  • Edition number: 2
  • Pages: 400
  • Sales rank: 916,988
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 8.90 (h) x 1.00 (d)

Meet the Author

David S. Foglesong is assistant professor of history at Rutgers University.
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Table of Contents

Acknowledgments
Note on Dates and Russian Transliteration
Introduction 1
1 The Development of a Wilsonian Style of Intervention 11
2 The Origins of American Anti-Bolshevism 24
3 Keeping Faith with Russia: Ambassador Boris Bakhmeteff and U.S. Efforts to Restore "Democracy" 47
4 The British Connection: American Covert Aid to Anti-Bolsheviks in South Russia, 1917-1918 76
5 American Intelligence Gathering, Propaganda, and Covert Action in Revolutionary Russia 106
6 American Intervention in Siberia, 1918-1920: The Search for Anti-Bolshevik "Nuclei" and "Strong Men" 143
7 Fighting, but Not a War: American Intervention in North Russia, 1918-1919 188
8 Food as a Weapon against Bolshevism: American "Humanitarian" Intervention in the Baltic Region, 1919 231
9 The Struggle against Intervention: Soviet Policy toward America, 1917-1920 272
Conclusion 293
Notes 299
Bibliography 347
Index 371
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