America's Soul In the Balance: The Holocaust, FDR's State Department, And The Moral Disgrace Of An American Aristocracy

Overview

At the height of World War II, lawyers in the U.S. Treasury Department discovered that the highly educated, patrician diplomats in the State Department had covered up reports of the Nazi extermination scheme?and then blocked the rescue of 70,000 Romanian Jews forcibly marched into the Nazi-conquered Ukraine and left to die of starvation and disease. The Treasury lawyers charged the diplomats with being ?accomplices of Hitler.?  

The outrage of the Treasury ...

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Overview

At the height of World War II, lawyers in the U.S. Treasury Department discovered that the highly educated, patrician diplomats in the State Department had covered up reports of the Nazi extermination scheme—and then blocked the rescue of 70,000 Romanian Jews forcibly marched into the Nazi-conquered Ukraine and left to die of starvation and disease. The Treasury lawyers charged the diplomats with being “accomplices of Hitler.”  

The outrage of the Treasury lawyers—tough-minded New Dealers from Christian, middle-class backgrounds—at the State Department's complicity in genocide precipitated a titanic intergovernmental battle. The stakes were nothing less than the fates of countless European Jews (symbolized by an orphaned girl’s struggle for survival in Transnistria), the historical reputation of FDR, and the soul of America itself.

A lawyer and human rights activist and the author of Two Men Before the Storm, (about the Dred Scott case), Mr. Wallance uses rarely cited archival documents, memoirs, diaries, and transcripts to construct this gripping, nonfiction Washington political thriller that is a sober warning to world leaders hesitating in the face of genocide.

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What People Are Saying

Michael Berenbaum
Wallance tells quite a story and masterfully documents the well-deserved indictment of the World War II-era U.S. State Department.—Michael Berenbaum, former Director of the US Holocaust Memorial Museum’s Holocaust Research Institute and Professor of Jewish Studies at American Jewish University - from The Jewish Journal)
Jack Fischel
An important contribution to the debate surrounding the Roosevelt Administration and the politics of rescue. Reads like a thriller.—Jack Fischel (Professor Emeritus of History at Millersville University of Pennsylvania and author of The Holocaust and Historical Dictionary of the Holocaust - from the Jewish Book Council)
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781608322930
  • Publisher: Greenleaf Book Group, LLC
  • Publication date: 4/17/2012
  • Pages: 320
  • Sales rank: 549,971
  • Product dimensions: 6.20 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 1.20 (d)

Meet the Author


Gregory J. Wallance is a lawyer and writer in New York City. He is the author of Papa’s Game, which received a nonfiction nomination for an Edgar Allan Poe Award, and Two Men Before the Storm, about the Dred Scott case, which the Boston Globe called “an evocative historical novel.” He has traveled to countries on several continents on human rights missions for, among others, Amnesty International and Helsinki Watch, and he was a producer of the HBO film Sakharov, starring Jason Robards and Glenda Jackson. He has written numerous articles and op eds for the New York Times and the Wall Street Journal, is quoted frequently in major newspapers, and has appeared as a commentator on CNN, Fox News, Court TV, MSNBC, C-SPAN, and NBC’s The Today Show.
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Table of Contents

Author's Note xi

Introduction 1

Eighteen Months Later 9

I The Good German 17

II The Tributaries of the Dniester 34

III The Riegner Telegram 38

IV The Aristocratic Archipelago 48

V The Magical Village of Milie 69

VI The Croquet Player and the Third Floor 72

VII The Rabbi and the Diplomat 85

VIII A Reason To Live 110

IX The Chief 114

X Jews for Sale 143

XI From Foster Parents to the Orphanage 161

XII Breck and Eleanor 165

XIII The Farmer 192

XIV The Orphans of Transnistria 219

XV Cable 354 222

XVI "This Movement to Let the Jews Be Killed" 226

XVII The Cemetery of Bershad 237

XVIII The March of the Rabbis 240

XIX The Acquiescence of this Government in the Murder of the Jews 250

XX "Why Didn't You Come Sooner?" 265

Afterword 271

Acknowledgments 280

Notes 282

Index 320

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