Amino Acids and their Derivatives in Higher Plantsby R. M. Wallsgrove
Pub. Date: 08/28/2004
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Plants convert inorganic nitrogen into amino acids, the building blocks for proteins. They also make a wide range of other nitrogen compounds to help protect themselves from pests and diseases. An understanding of these compounds can therefore help in devising better crop protection and production methods. This volume contains essays by scientists who have studied
Plants convert inorganic nitrogen into amino acids, the building blocks for proteins. They also make a wide range of other nitrogen compounds to help protect themselves from pests and diseases. An understanding of these compounds can therefore help in devising better crop protection and production methods. This volume contains essays by scientists who have studied aspects of plant nitrogen nutrition and amino acid biosynthesis. There are chapters on protein amino acids, nonprotein amino acids, betaines, glutathione, polyamines, and other secondary metabolites derived from amino acids. The results of these studies will be of interest to graduate students and professionals in biochemistry and botany.
Table of Contents
List of contributors; Preface; 1. Glutamine synthetase in higher plants: molecular biology meets plant physiology B. G. Forde and J. Woodall; 2. Interactions of nitrogen and carbon metabolism: implications of PEP carboxylase and isocitrate dehydrogenase P. Gadal, L. Lepiniec and S. Santi; 3. The genetics of aspartate derived amino acids in higher plants M. Jacobs, V. Frankard, M. Ghislain and M. Vauterin; 4. Oxidation of 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid (ACC) in the generation of ethylene by plants P. John; 5. Regulation of carbon flow through the branched chain amino acid biosynthetic pathway B. K. Singh, I. Szamosi and D. L. Shaner; 6. Amino acid metabolism and protein deposition in the endosperm of wheat: synthesis of proline via ornithine T. D. Ugalde, S. E. Maher, N. E. Nardella and R. M. Wallsgrove; 7. The glycine decarboxylase complex in higher plan mitochondria: structure, function and biogenesis S. Rawsthorne, R. Douce and D. Oliver; 8. Glycine and serine synthesis in non-photosynthetic tissues R. J. Ireland and D. A. Hiltz; 9. Biogenesis of N-heterocyclic amino acids by plants: mechanisms of biological significance E. G. Brown; 10. Toxicity of non-protein amino acids from plants J. P. F. D'Mello; 11. Processes involved in glutathione metabolism H. Rennenberg; 12. Betaines in higher plants - biosynthesis and role in stress metabolism J. Gorham; 13. Metabolism and function of polyamines during osmotically induced senescence in oat leaves and protoplasts A. F. Tiburcio, R. T. Besford, A. Borrell and M. Marcé; 14. Biosynthesis of cyanogenic glucosides. Elucidation of the pathway and characterization of the cytochromes P-450 involved O. Sibbesen, B. M. Koch, P. Rouzé, B. L. Møller and B. A. Halkier; 15. The biosynthesis of glucosinolates in Brassicas R. M. Wallsgrove and R. N. Bennett; 16. Biochemical genetics of aliphatic glucosinolates in Brassica and Arabidopsis R. Mithen and D. Toroser; Index.
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