This anthology provides each of the major world religions with an opportunity to explain itself in its own terms, creating a sensitive and accurate picture of its teachings and beliefs. It allows readers to gain an "inside" understanding of origins, founders, and practicesand presents the religions as living faiths. Selected extracts relate religion to such current issues as gender, environment, and politics. Chapters explore indigenous sacred ways, Hinduism, Jainism, Buddhism, Taoism, Confucianism, Judaism, Christianity, and more. For individuals desiring to learn more about the major world religions, and their impact around the world today.
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Table of Contents
(NOTE: Each chapter concludes with a Glossary, Review Questions, and Information Resources; most also contain Holy Days and Historical Highlights.)
1. The Religious Response.
The comparative study of religion.
Interpreting the Sacred, William E. Paden.
The phenomenology of religions.
The Sacredness of Nature and Cosmic Religion, Mircea Eliade.
Materialistic perspectives on religion.
The Future of an Illusion, Sigmund Freud. Religion as the Opium of the People, Karl Marx. God is Dead, Friedrich Nietzsche.
Religious points of view.
The Oneness of the Divine, Abraham Heschel. The New Polytheism, David Miller. The Ground of Being, Tarthang Tulku.
Scientific perspectives on religion.
A Not-So-Random Universe, Patrick Glynn. Near-Death Experiences: Light in the Shadow of Death, Lee W. Bailey.
Worship, Symbol, and Myth.
Mandalas: Deity Unfolding in the World, Carl G. Jung. The Hero with a Thousand Faces, Joseph Campbell.
Women and the Feminine in Religion.
When God was a Woman, Merlin Stone.
The need for religion today.
The Lost Dimension in Religion, Paul Tillich.
2. Indigenous Sacred Ways.
African Sacred Ways. Of Water and the Spirit: An African Boys' Initiation, Malidoma Som. Women and Prayers in African Religion, John Mbiti. The Talking Drum: African Sacred Liturgy,Georges Niangoran-Bouah.
Native North American sacred ways.
That Mountain has Spirit, Southwest Indigenous People. The Great Vision, Black Elk, Lakota Shaman. Basic Call to Consciousness, Hau De No Sau Nee (Iroquois) Nation. The Essence of Cosmic Man, Tlakaelel, (Mexica-Tolteca). Seeing With a Native Eye, Barre Toelken.
Hymn to Agni, God of Fire, Rig Vedas. Hymn on Creation, Rig Vedas. You are that, Upanishads. What is the World but spirit, Upanishads.
Devotion to the Lord, Bhagavad Gita. Rama, Sita and Lakshman enter the forest, Ramayana. Duties of the four castes, Manu Smriti. The Faithful wife, Manu Smriti. Desire to know the Brahman, Sankara. Yoga Sutras, Patanjali. In praise of Durga, Siva Purana. The Way of Devotion, Bhagavata Purana.
Songs of the Saints.
The World of Illusion, Ravi Das. Worship Him in silence, Lalla. Without Krishna I cannot sleep, Mirabai. Three poems, Kabir.
Vision of the mother, Paramahamsa Yogananda.
Untouchability, Mahatma Gandhi. Hindu-ness, V. D. Savarkar. A Paradigm Shift in Religious Cooperation, Swami Agnivesh.
Teachings of Mahavir.
Mahavir's Stoicism, Akaranga Sutra.
On Non-Violence, Jain Sutras. On Self-Restraint, Jain Sutras. Respect for Life, Akaranga Sutra.
Perfection of the soul.
The Five Great Vows, Akaranga Sutra.
The principles of Anekantavada and Syadvada.
Anakantavada (The Doctrine of Manifold Aspects, Dr. L.M. Singhvi. The Blind Men and the Elephant, Jain Fable.
Forsaking Eternal Bliss for a Drop of Honey, Jain Fable. The Renunciate Life of Sadhvi Vicaksana, N. Shanta. The Righteous Path for Laity and Ascetics, Acharya Kund-Kund.
Jain ethics today.
Non-Violence: A Profile, from Acharya Tulsi.
The Awakened One.
Defeat of Mara, and Enlightenment, Asvaghosha. Speculations Undeclared, Culamalunkya Sutta.
The Fully Enlightened, Dhammapada. Rejection of Birth Castes, Vasettha Sutta.
Emptiness, Nagarjuna. The Heart Sutra. Discovering Universal Emptiness, Dogen. Zen and Koans, Daisetz T.Suzuki. Nothing To Do With Rules, Bankei.
Love, Kindness and Universal Responsibility, The Dalai Lama.
Living Engaged Buddhism.
Engaged Buddhism in Asia Christopher Queen and Sallie King. Buddhism Comes Home, Jean Latz Griffin. Precepts for an Engaged Buddhism, Thich Nhat Hanh.
The Confucian Classics.
The Analects of Confucius, Trans. Wing-tsit Chan. The Book of Mencius, Trans. D. C. Lau. The Doctrine of the Mean, Trans. Wing-tsit Chan.
The Great Commentary on the Book of Changes, Trans. Richard Wilhelm. Principles for Women, Pan Chao.
The Great Ultimate, Chou Tun-i. The Western Inscription, Chang Tsai.
Confucianism and the 21st Century, from Xinghong Yao.
The Traditional Canon.
The Tao Te Ching, Lao-tzu. The Great and Venerable Teacher, Chuang Tzu. Heaven's Gifts, Lieh-tzu.
Communication of the Force of Life with Heaven, Huang Ti Nei Ching Su Wen. Awakening to Perfection, Zhang Boduan. The Way of Perfect Truth, Wang Che. The Story of Ho Hsien Ku, a Female Immortal. The Essence of T'ai Chi, Al Chung-liang Huang.
The Jewish Bible: Tanakh.
In the Beginning, Genesis 1:1-2:4, 2:4-3:24. Abraham's Covenant, Genesis 17:1-12. The Mosaic Covenant, Exodus 19-20. An Eye for an Eye, Leviticus 24. Choose Life, Deuteronomy 30. The Davidic Covenant, II Samuel 7.
The Prophecies of Isaiah, Isaiah 1:11-20. The Earth will Teach You, Job 12:7-10. Where were you when I laid the Earth's Foundations?, Job 38:1-18.
Commentaries on the Tanakh.
The Passover Seder Meal Ceremony, Rabbi Nathan Goldberg. Midrash, Nahum N. Glatzer. Talmud, Judah Goldin.
Evolving Theology and Spirituality.
Thirteen Principles of Faith, Maimoinides. From Strength to Strength, Baal-Shem Tov. I and Thou, Martin Buber.
Surviving Auschwitz, Viktor Frankl. Jewish Feminism, Susannah Heschel. Making Judaism More Alive, Michael Lerner.
Jesus the Christ.
The Annunciation, Luke 1:26-35. The Magnigicat, Luke 1:46-55. Jesus's Birth, Luke 1:46-55. Jesus's Ministry Begins, Matthew 4:23-25. The Beatitudes, Matthew 5:1-12. Law, Matthew 5:1-12. Sincerely Motivated Faith and Works, Matthew 5:21-24. The Good Samaritan, Luke 10:29-37. True Treasures,Matthew 6:19-21. Healing the Blind, Matthew 9:27-30. The Light of the World, John 1:1-5. The Word (Logos), John 1:14. The Last Supper, Mark 14:10-25. The Crucifixion, Mark 15:12-46. The Resurrection, Mark 16:1-8. Paul's Conversion, Acts 9:1-20.
The letters of Paul to the new Christian churches.
Paul on Faith and Works, Romans 3:28-31. Paul on Gender, Galatians 3:28; I Corinthians 14:35. Paul on Faith, Hope and Love, I Corinthians 13:1-13.
History and literature.
How to Interpret Scripture, Origen.
Early non-canonical texts.
The Thunder, Perfect Mind, Nag Hammadi Library. The Formation of the Canon, Athanasius.
Theology and spirituality.
The Confessions of St. Augustine, Augustine of Hippo. A Medieval Argument for the Existence of God, Anselm of Canterbury. Everything Lives in God, Hildegard of Bingen. Grief and Joy, St. Gregory of Sinai.
Faith Can Rule Only in the Inward Man, Martin Luther.
An Evangelical Manifesto. I Don't Want to Eat Any Sugar, Mother Teresa. I've Seen the Promised Land, Martin Luther King, Jr. Not Development, but Liberation, Gustavo Gutierrez. The Godhead as a Woman Giving Birth, Virginia Mollenkott. The Goddess and Women's Spirituality, Charlene Spretnak. Models of God, Sallie McFague. The Green Patriarch: Environmental Orthodoxy, Melba Newsome.
The Prophet Muhammad.
The Beginning of Muhammad's Revelation, Sahih Muslim. The Night Journey, Sahih Muslim.
Islamic scripture: the Qur'an.
Fatiha, trans. Abdullah Usuf Ali. Allah. Messengers. People of the Book. Unity of Humanity. Righteousness. Mecca. Jihad. Gender, Family. Self-Restraint. Adam. Abraham. Moses. Mary. Jesus. The Day of Judgement.
Islamic theology and spirituality.
Seeking Consent for Marriage. Fighting of Women Side by Side with Men. Prohibition of Killing Women and Children in War. Compel not Your Slave-Girls to Prostitution. Removal of the Idols from the Vicinity of the Ka'ba. The Merits of Jesus Christ (Peace Be Upon Him). Merit of Love for the Sake of Allah. It is Forbidden to Commit Oppression. The Merits of Forgiveness and Humanity.
Iconoclasm. On Pictures and Images. Reason and Revelation. Ibn Sina (Avicenna), Peter Health. Al-Ghazali, W. Montgomery Watt. Ibn Rushd (Averroes), trans. George Hourani.
How to Perform Salaat.
Rabi'a, trans. Charles Upton. Rumi, trans. William C. Chittick. Between the Yea and the Nay, Ibn 'Arabi.
Women and Islam, Ruth mas. Ecology: A Sacred Science, Seyyed H. Nasr.
JapJi, Guru Nanak. Jaap Sahib, Guru Gobind Singh. Sukhmani Sahib, Guru Arjun Dev.
The Guru Granth Sahib.
Oh honey bee, thou art lost in worldly flowers, Guru Nanak. Oh my mind, remember the Holy Name, Guru Amar Das. My eyes are wet with the Lord's nectar, Guru Ram Das. The true Guru is an ocean of pearls, Guru Arjun Dev. The one who mingles with God, Guru Teg Bahadue. Hymns of the Hindu and Muslim Saints, Nam Dev. How can there be any difference between me and Thee? Ravidas. Pray crow, peck not these eyes, so that I may see the Beloved, Sheikh Farid.
This is the purpose for which God sent me, Guru Gobind Singh. Let all humanity be recognized as one, Guru Gobind Singh.
The Sikh Gurus' Vision of an Ideal Society, Dr. Dharam Sing.
12. New Religious Movements.
Old religions in new skins.
Transcendental Meditation Today, Hemant Kumar.
The Wisdom-Religion Esoteric in All Ages, Madame Blavatsky.
Life in a Peaceful New World, Jehovah's Witnesses.
Following a leader.
The Lord of the Second Advent and the Ideal of Ture Parents, Rev. Sun Myung Moon.
A Course in Miracles summarized, Helen Schucmann.
Witchcraft, Diane Mariechild.
A New Revelation, Baha'u'llah.
The fate of new religious movements.
After the Founder's Death, J. Gordon Melton.
13. The Interfaith Movement.
The oneness of religions.
Religion, Hazrat Inayat Khan.
Global Imperatives for the Third millennium, Dr. Robert Muller. Declaration on the Elimination of all Forms of Intolerance and of Discrimination Based on Religion or Belief, United Nations. Ground Rules for Interfaith Dialogue, Leonard Swidler.
Celebration of all religions.
Can we Share in Others' Spiritual Traditions? Marcus braybrooke. God Will Break all the Barriers, Baba Virsa Singh.