An Easyguide to APA Style

An Easyguide to APA Style

by Beth M. Schwartz, R. Eric Landrum, Regan A. R. Gurung
     
 

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ISBN-10: 1412991242

ISBN-13: 9781412991247

Pub. Date: 03/12/2011

Publisher: SAGE Publications

Written by experienced psychology instructors who are respected members of the APA’s Teaching of Psychology division, this guide provides an easy alternative for anyone struggling with APA style. Written in a clear, conversational, and sometimes humorous style, this book presents easy-to understand explanations of how to write research papers, cite research,

Overview

Written by experienced psychology instructors who are respected members of the APA’s Teaching of Psychology division, this guide provides an easy alternative for anyone struggling with APA style. Written in a clear, conversational, and sometimes humorous style, this book presents easy-to understand explanations of how to write research papers, cite research, and do any work requiring APA format. The authors demystify the process with easy-to-follow advice, tips, and visual representations of how to use APA style.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9781412991247
Publisher:
SAGE Publications
Publication date:
03/12/2011
Pages:
224
Product dimensions:
6.30(w) x 8.90(h) x 0.60(d)

Related Subjects

Table of Contents

Preface xi

Our Reader-Friendly Approach xi

Acknowledgments xiii

About the Authors xv

Section I Overview

1 Style Versus Format: Why It Matters to Your Audience and Why It Should Matter to You 3

What Is the Difference Between APA Style and APA Format? 4

Why APA Style Anyway? Wasn't MLA Good Enough? 6

In the Long Run, Attention to Detail Matters (Including APA Style and Format) 7

Write for Your Specific Audience: Term Papers Versus Formal Research Papers 8

2 Your Visual Table of Contents QuickFinder 10

The Sample Paper With Content and Page Numbers 12

Section II Writing with (APA) Style: Big Picture Items

3 Bare-Bones Fundamentals: General Writing Tips Specific to APA Style 27

Clear and Succinct Writing 27

Commonly Confused Words in Psychology 28

Subject-Verb Agreement 30

Active Voice Versus Passive Voice in APA Style 31

4 A Quick Grammar Summary for APA-Style Writing 34

Parts of a Sentence 35

Parts of Speech 36

Common Grammar Mistakes to Avoid 38

5 Thou Shalt Not Steal (or Be Lazy): Plagiarism and How to Avoid It 44

But I Didn't Know … 44

It Sounds Like a Bad Word 45

Quoting: More Than Just a Copy and Paste 46

Paraphrasing: In Your Own Words 48

An Author's License (Yours): Modifying Source Material 48

But I Can Freely Use My Own Work, Right? 49

How About This for a Plagiarism Awareness Exercise? 49

6 Avoiding Biased Language 50

The Fundamental Lesson: View People as Individuals First 50

Specifie Recommendations for Reducing Bias: Nonsexist Language and Other Areas 51

Sexual Orientation 51

Racial and Ethnic Identity 52

Disabilities 53

Occupations 53

Gender and Pronouns: With an Indefinite Recommendation 54

Section III Writing with (APA) Style: Getting Down to Business

7 Whodunnit (or Said It)? Citing References in Text 59

A Good Rule of Thumb 59

Ready, Cite, GO 60

In-Text Citation Basics 61

A Variation on the Theme 62

What Do I Do When I Need to Cite More Than One Article in the Same Spot? 63

What If I Have Two or More Articles by the same Author and Some Are the Same Year? 64

What If I Have Two or More Articles by Authors With the Same Last Name? 64

How Do I Cite an Article or Document From a Website? 64

If I Refer to the Same Article More Than Once in the Same Paragraph Do I Cite It Every Time? 65

How Do I Cite an Article That I Read About in Another Article or Book? 66

How Do I Cite a Lecture, an E-Mail, or a Conversation? 66

8 There Is a Method to the Madness 67

Where in the Flow of Pages Do You Place the Method Section? 67

Where Does This Information Go in the Method Section? 69

Subjects/Participants Subsection 69

Materials and Apparatus 71

Procedure 73

Formatting Your Method Section 75

9 And the Winner Is? Writing Your Results and Associated Fun 76

Let's Talk Statistics 77

Basics and Beyond 78

Formatting Your Results Paragraph 81

Including Effect Size and Power 82

10 Everybody Needs References 83

A Helpful Note 83

Creating Your Reference Section 83

Using Abbreviations 85

The Basics 86

Basic Reference Section Formatting Rules 92

Some of the Not-So-Basic Rules You Might Need 93

Section IV Presenting Your Work in APA Format

11 The Numbers Game: How to Write Numbers (and When the Rules Change) 97

When You Use Numerals 98

When You Use Words 99

Using Both Numerals and Words 100

How to Use Decimal Points 101

How Many Numbers Should Be Written After the Decimal Point? 101

Additional Rules for Including Numbers in Your Paper 102

Metrication 102

When Do You Use Abbreviations? 103

12 Formatting: Organizing, Headings, and Making Your Work Look Good to Print 106

What Goes Where? 106

What Your Paper Should Look Like 107

Headings 109

Spelling Matters: Spelling Rules and Capitalization 111

Final Touches 115

13 Table That Motion: The Special Challenges of Tables and Figures 116

What's What 116

Getting the Look Down 117

A Note on "Notes" 121

Figuring It Out 121

Get Legendary (and Use Captions) 123

Where to Place Tables and Figures 123

But I Am Doing a Literature Review: Coul0d I Use a Table or Figure? 124

Don't Forget 124

14 Make Microsoft Word 2007 Work for You: APA Formatting 125

Word 2007 Tabs and Drop-Down Menus 125

Setting the Margins 126

Line Spacing and Spacing Between Paragraphs 127

Page Headers (First Page and Subsequent Pages) and Page Numbering 129

Tabs, Centering, and the Ruler 132

References and the Hanging Indent 134

Preparing a Table (Rows, Columns, Lines, Centering) 136

Fonts and Font Variations (Italics, Bold, Superscript) 138

Page Breaks, Orphans, and Widows 139

Spell-Checker and Grammar Checker 140

Developing Good Habits: Autosave, File Naming, File Storage, Frequent Backups 141

Section V Some Nitty-Gritty Details

15 Making a List, Checking It Twice: Enumeration and Seriation l45

Why Bother? l45

Keeping Order at the Section Level 146

Order Within Paragraphs or Sentences 147

On a Related Note l48

16 The Devil Is in the Details: Abbreviations, Signs, Symbols, and Punctuation 149

OMG: To Abbreviate or Not? l49

Blinding You With Science and Latin 150

Punctuation 151

Section VI In Closing: Important Considerations

17 Using Rubrics: Knowing What It Means to Write a Good Paper 155

Follow Rubrics When Provided 155

Example Rubric 156

18 Get It Right! Proofreading the Entire Paper 158

Sample Student Paper for Practicing Proofreading 163

19 Complete Sample of an Experimental Paper: Samples, Anyone? 170

Sample Paper 172

Additional Resources on Writing 185

20 All Together Now: How to Avoid the Most Common Mistakes 186

APA Style and Format Checklist 187

Be Aware of Professors' Pet Peeves 191

Appendix A Error List for Chapter18 193

Appendix B APA Style and Format Checklist 196

References 198

Index 202

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