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This fourth edition of An Introduction to Bioethics provides an introductory survey of various complex bioethical issues facing contemporary society. The book's two authors are grounded in clinical experience, academic scholarship, and years of teaching experience in the field of bioethics.
This balanced presentation offers multiple perspectives on a wide range of areas from the beginning of life to the end of life, including such highly debated topics as abortion, reproductive technology, stem-cell research and other biotechnologies, organ transplantation, human-subject research, euthanasia, and a whole earth ethic.
The reader of this book will become more aware of the significant debates in bioethics, more conversant with the vocabulary to enter into a thoughtful discussion on the topics, and better equipped to formulate judgments regarding today's most controversial societal issues and concerns. Extensive bibliographies and endnotes provide avenues for further study.
An Introduction to Bioethics can serve as an excellent text for undergraduate studies by providing a firm foundation to launch class discussions and research assignments, as well as a helpful guide for the reader who is just beginning the journey into the tumultuous field of bioethics.
Part I General Issues
1 Introduction: What Is Bioethics? 3
2 Technology, Nature, and Responsibility 13
3 Ethical Issues and Theories 28
4 Common Terms Used in Bioethics 39
Part II Issues Early in Life
5 Abortion 67
6 Reproductive Technologies 89
7 Early Diagnosis of Genetic Anomalies 107
Part III Issues at the End of Life
8 Definitions of Death 129
9 Forgoing and Withdrawing Treatment 144
10 Euthanasia 168
11 Physician-Assisted Suicide 184
Part IV Issues in Biotechnology
12 Genetic Engineering: Nonhuman Organisms 201
13 Genetic Engineering: Human Beings 231
14 Cell-Based Biotechnologies 250
Part V Other Specific Problems
15 Organ and Tissue Transplantation 273
16 Research on Human Subjects 290
17 A Whole Earth Ethic 302