An Introduction to English Grammar / Edition 3

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An Introduction to English grammar provides a comprehensive overview of all aspects of English grammar, and can be used in the classroom, for self-study, or as a reference book. The book is organised in two parts – on grammar and its applications – and provides everything a beginning student needs to get to grips with the theory and practice of English usage, including sections on style, punctuation and spelling. This third edition has been fully revised and updated to include an expanded section on English in Use, usage notes highlighting common errors, updated exercises, a glossary and a companion website with further graded exercises.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781405874120
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis
  • Publication date: 4/5/2010
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 3
  • Pages: 296
  • Sales rank: 767,549
  • Product dimensions: 6.70 (w) x 9.30 (h) x 0.60 (d)

Meet the Author

The late Sidney Greenbaum was Director of the Survey of English Usage and formerly Quain Professor of English Language and Literature, University College London.

Gerald Nelson is Professor of English at the Chinese University of Hong Kong.

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Table of Contents

Proposed Table of Content

Preface to the Third Edition



i. What is grammar?

ii. Grammar and other aspects of language

iii. Grammars of English

iv. National and regional varieties

v. Standard English and non-standard English

vi. Variation according to use

vii. Descriptive rules and prescriptive rules

viii. Why study grammar?

ix. How this book is organised


Chapter 1. The Parts of a Simple Sentence

1.1 How we analyse sentences: Structure, form, and function

1.2 Subject, predicate, and verb

1.3 The operator

1.4 Do, Be, and Have

1.5 Subject and verb

1.6 Subject

1.7 Transitive verbs and direct object

1.8 Direct object and indirect object

1.9 Direct object and object complement

1.10 Linking verbs and subject complement

1.11 Intransitive verbs and adverbials

1.12 Adverbial complement

1.13 The meanings of the sentence elements

1.14 The basic sentence structures


Chapter 2. Word Classes

2.1 Open and closed classes

2.2 Word classes and word uses


2.4 Noun classes

2.5 Number

2.6 Genitives


2.8 Regular verbs and irregular verbs

2.9 Classes of irregular verbs


2.11 The passive auxiliary

2.12 The progressive auxiliary

2.13 The perfect auxiliary

2.14 Modal auxiliaries

2.15 The meanings of the modals


2.16 Attributive adjectives and predicative adjectives

2.17 Gradability and comparison


2.19 The meanings of adverbs

2.20 Gradability and comparison


2.22 Personal pronouns

2.23 Possessive pronouns

2.24 Reflexive pronouns

2.25 Demonstrative pronouns

2.26 Reciprocal pronouns

2.27 Interrogative pronouns

2.28 Relative pronouns

2.29 Indefinite pronouns and numerals

2.30 Pronoun one


2.32 Central determiners

2.33 Predeterminers

2.34 Postdeterminers

2.35 The articles and reference




Chapter 3. The Structures of Phrases

3.1 The phrase types


3.3 Central determiners

3.4 Premodifiers

3.5 Postmodifiers

3.6 Relative clauses

3.7 Appositive clauses

3.8 Coordination of noun phrases

3.9 Noun phrase complexity

3.10 Functions of noun phrases


3.12 The forms of main verbs

3.13 Tense, person, and number

3.14 Aspect

3.15 Voice

3.16 Expressing future time

3.17 The ordering of auxiliaries

3.18 Finite and non-finite verb phrases

3.19 Mood

3.20 Phrasal verbs


3.22 Functions of adjective phrases


3.24 Functions of adverb phrases


3.26 Functions of prepositional phrases


Chapter 4 Sentences and Clauses

4.1 Sentence types

4.2 Declaratives

4.2 Questions

4.3 Imperatives

4.4 Exclamatives

4.5 Active sentences and passive sentences

4.6 Positive sentences and negative sentences

4.7 Simple sentences and complex sentences

4.8 Compound sentences

4.9 Subordinate clauses

4.10 Non-finite clauses and verbless clauses

4.11 Functions of subordinate clauses

4.12 There structures

4.13 Cleft sentences

4.14 Anticipatory it



Chapter 5. Common Usage Problems


5.1 And, or, nor.

5.2 With

5.3 Collective nouns

5.4 Indefinite pronouns

5.5 Quantity phrases

5.6 Singular nouns ending in -s

5.7 Who, which, that

5.8 What

5.9 There is, There are

5.10 Citations and titles


5.11 Subject Complement

5.12 Coordinated phrases

5.13 After as and than

5.14 After but

5.15 After let

5.16 Who, whom

5.17 Case with -ing clauses


5.17 Problems with auxiliaries

5.18 Lie, lay

5.19 Present tense

5.20 Past tense and the -ed participle

5.21 Past tense and the past subjunctive

5.22 Multiple negation


5.23 Confusion between adjectives and adverbs

5.24 Comparison

5.25 Only

5.26 Dangling modifiers


Chapter 6 Style in Writing


6.1 End-focus

6.2 Front-focus

6.3 There-structures and cleft sentences

6.4 Parenthetic expressions


6.5 End-weight

6.6 Misplaced expressions

6.7 Abstract nouns

6.8 Modifiers in noun phrases

6.9 Subordination

6.10 Parallelism

6.11 Repeated sounds

6.12 Pronoun reference


6.13 Pronoun agreement

6.14 Tense consistency


Chapter 7. English in Use

7.1 Register variation

7.2 Spoken English and written English

7.3 The language of conversation

7.4 Unscripted speeches

7.5 Sports commentaries

7.6 Email English

7.7 Chatroom English

7.8 Text Messages

7.9 The language of literature

7.9.1 Foregrounding

7.9.2 Ambiguity


Chapter 8. Punctuation

8.1 Punctuation rules

8.2 Sentence fragments and fragmentary sentences

8.3 Run-on sentences and comma splices

8.4 Coordinated main clauses

8.5 Direct speech

8.6 Citations

8.7 Questions

8.8 Restrictive and non-restrictive relative clauses

8.9 Restrictive and non-restrictive apposition

8.10 Adverbial clauses

8.11 Vocatives and interjections

8.12 Using commas to avoid misunderstanding

8.13 Genitives of nouns

8.14 Genitives of pronouns


Chapter 9: Spelling

9.1 Spelling, pronunciation, and meaning.

9.2 Spelling variants

9.3 Spelling rules for short and long vowel sounds

9.4 Suffixes

9.5 Prefixes

9.6 Other aids to spelling

9.7 Homophones: Words pronounced similarly





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