The Analogical Mind: Perspectives from Cognitive Science

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Overview

Analogy has been the focus of extensive research in cognitive science over the past two decades. Through analogy, novel situations and problems can be understood in terms of familiar ones. Indeed, a case can be made for analogical processing as the very core of cognition. This is the first book to span the full range of disciplines concerned with analogy. Its contributors represent cognitive, developmental, and comparative psychology; neuroscience; artificial intelligence; linguistics; and philosophy.

The book is divided into three parts.

The first part describes computational models of analogy as well as their relation to computational models of other cognitive processes. The second part addresses the role of analogy in a wide range of cognitive tasks, such as forming complex cognitive structures, conveying emotion, making decisions, and solving problems. The third part looks at the development of analogy in children and the possible use of analogy in nonhuman primates.

Contributors: Miriam Bassok,Consuelo B. Boronat, Brian Bowdle, Fintan Costello, Kevin Dunbar, Gilles Fauconnier, Kenneth D.

Forbus, Dedre Gentner, Usha Goswami, Brett Gray, Graeme S. Halford, Douglas Hofstadter, Keith J.

Holyoak, John E. Hummel, Mark T. Keane, Boicho N. Kokinov, Arthur B. Markman, C. Page Moreau, DavidL. Oden, Alexander A. Petrov, Steven Phillips, David Premack, Cameron Shelley, Paul Thagard, RogerK.R. Thompson, William H. Wilson, Phillip Wolff.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780262571395
  • Publisher: MIT Press
  • Publication date: 3/2/2001
  • Series: Bradford Books Series
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Pages: 554
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 1.00 (d)

Meet the Author

Dedre Gentner is Professor of Psychology and Education and Director of the Cognitive ScienceProgram at Northwestern University.

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Table of Contents

Preface
Contributors
1 Introduction: The Place of Analogy in Cognition 1
I Computational and Theoretical Approaches 21
2 Exploring Analogy in the Large 23
3 Integrating Memory and Reasoning in Analogy-Making: The AMBR Model 59
4 The STAR-2 Model for Mapping Hierarchically Structured Analogs 125
5 Toward an Understanding of Analogy within a Biological Symbol System 161
II Arenas of Analogical Thought 197
6 Metaphor Is Like Analogy 199
7 Conceptual Blending and Analogy 255
8 Setting Limits on Analogy: Why Conceptual Combination Is Not Structural Alignment 287
9 The Analogical Paradox: Why Analogy Is so Easy in Naturalistic Settings Yet so Difficult in the Psychological Laboratory 313
10 Emotional Analogies and Analogical Inference 335
11 Analogy and Analogical Comparison in Choice 363
12 Semantic Alignments in Mathematical Word Problems 401
III Developmental and Comparative Approaches 435
13 Analogical Reasoning in Children 437
14 Can an Ape Reason Analogically? Comprehension and Production of Analogical Problems by Sarah, a Chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes) 471
15 Epilogue: Analogy as the Core of Cognition 499
Index 539
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