Analytical Chemistry Associated with the Destruction of Chemical Weapons / Edition 1

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Overview

One of the major problems associated with the disposal of chemical weapons is that the agents have degraded over time, some quite seriously. Detecting and identifying the products of this decomposition are necessary prerequisites to the safe, complete and environmentally benign destruction of skpiled weapons. The book presents and discusses both basic and novel techniques in a variety of areas of analytical chemistry which are relevant to achieving the ultimate destruction of chemical weapons. Presentations address sample collection and preparation, mass spectrometry, chromatographic techniques, NMR, and air monitoring techniques.
The work shows that analytical methods do exist to effectively support the destruction of chemical munitions. While further research is needed, the book provides an excellent baseline for further advances in the field.
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Editorial Reviews

Booknews
The designers and builders of chemical weapons had in mind only one possible destiny for them, which is now considered less than fully desirable by many people. The 29 papers demonstrate that analytical methods currently exist to support the effective destruction of chemical weapons, though faster and more sensitive methods are needed. The research reports include such aspects as the European experience with disposing of old chemical weapons, the requirements and organization of analytical control, the application of some modern sample introduction techniques and paroplot Q GC column in analyzing volatile toxic compounds, air monitoring equipment for destruction facilities with a special emphasis on OCW destruction, determining organo-fluoro phosphates by liquid chromatography, the role of remote sensing equipment in air monitoring systems, an overview of vapor detection and the sate of the art in hand-held detectors, and non-destructive evaluation techniques. Overviews of chemical demilitarization plans are appended. Reproduced from typescripts, some double spaced. Annotation c. by Book News, Inc., Portland, Or.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780792346487
  • Publisher: Springer Netherlands
  • Publication date: 1/1/1997
  • Series: Nato Science Partnership Subseries: 1 (closed) , #13
  • Edition description: 1997
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 350
  • Product dimensions: 0.94 (w) x 9.21 (h) x 6.14 (d)

Table of Contents

Report on Project Swiftsure: Destruction of Chemical Agents at Defence Research Establishment Suffield; J.M. Andless, C.A. Boulet. Report on European Experience with the Disposal of Old Chemical Weapons; R.G. Manley. Report on Development of Analytical Technologies for the Alternatives to Incineration Program; D.J. Reutter, et al. Report on Analytical Control for Destruction of Chemical Weapons: Requirements and Organization; B.F. Myasoedov. Report on Super Toxic Analytical Glovebox System (STAGS); C. Henry, et al. Report on On-Site Sample Work-Up Procedures to Isolate Chemical Warfare Related Compounds Using Solid Phase Extraction and Solid Phase Microextraction Technology; A. Alcaraz, et al. Report on Application of Some Modern Sample Introduction Techniques and Poraplot Q GC Column in the Analysis of Volatile Toxic Compounds; V. Bardarov, Vl. Tashkov. Report on Mass Spectra and Retention Parameters of Some O-Alkyl Methylphosphonic Acids; M. Sokolowski. Report on Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy for the Verification of the Chemical Weapons Convention; W.P. Aue. Report on Chemical Ionization and Electron Impact Mass Spectrometry of Some Methylphosphonothiolates; V. Podborský. Report on GC/MS Investigation of Ethyl S-2-diisopropyl Aminoethyl Methylphosphonothiolate (VX) Age Decomposition Products; M. Sliwakowski. Report on GCQ GC/MS System: Preliminary Experiences; J. Cermák. Report on System Design Recommendations for the Collection, Transfer and Processing of Real Time Air Monitoring Data; D. Bolt. Report on Air Monitoring Equipment for CW Destruction Facilities with Special Emphasis on OCW Destruction; V. Starrock, H.R. Doering. Report on Methods and Means for Air Monitoring Associated with the Destruction of Chemical Weapons; J. Matoušek. Report on Capillary Electrophoresis; C.A. Boulet. Report on Determination of Organo Fluoro Phosphonates by Liquid Chromatography; B. Uchytil. Report on Analysis of Chemical Warfare (CW) Agents and Degradation Products by Liquid Chromatography (LC); E.R.J. Wils. Report on the Application of LC/ES-MS in the OPCW/PTS Inter-Laboratory Comparison Test; P. Lixin, X. Danian. Report on a Data Analysis Routine to Protect Confidential Information During GC-MS Analysis; R.R. McGuire, W.H. Martin. Report on the Role of Remote Sensing Equipment in Air Monitoring System; L. Halasz. Report on Possibilities of Incorporation of the CO2 Dial Detector Into The System of Atmospheric Quality Monitoring Associated with Storing and Destruction of Chemical Weapons; J. Kadlčák, et al. Report on Monitoring in the Non-Skpile Program; L.C. Rowe. Report on Hand-Held Chemical Analysis Instruments: An Overview of Vapor Detection and the State of the Art in Hand Held Detectors; C.S. Harden. Report on Screening Techniques for Use in the Chemical Weapon Field; A.N. Trethewey. Report on Non-Destructive Evaluation Techniques for Chemical Weapons Destruction; J.K. Hartwell, A.J. Caffrey. Report on GC/MS Screening of Alkyl Methylphosphonofluoridates and Alkyl Methylphosphonic Acids; D.K. Rohrbaugh, E.W. Sarver. Appendixes: Overview of the United States Chemical Demilitarization Program; T.M. Prociv. Overview of the Chemical Demilitarization Program; J. Ontiveros.

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