Analyzing Moral Issues / Edition 5

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Overview

This text with readings addresses a variety of timely and interesting moral issues, providing background information and primary source selections for each issue presented. It includes a chapter on ethical theory and covers a broad range of ethical perspectives—among them virtue ethics (Aristotelian and Confucian), Buddhist and feminist care ethics, and the Rawlsian and communitarian approaches. The fifth edition also includes new readings and case studies covering some of the more pressing issues of recent ethical debate, such as genetic enhancement of children, racism and sexism in the 2008 presidential elections, the effect of the U.S. Patriot Act on academic freedom, military conscription, and global warming.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780073535746
  • Publisher: McGraw-Hill Higher Education
  • Publication date: 10/7/2009
  • Edition description: Older Edition
  • Edition number: 5
  • Pages: 768
  • Sales rank: 1,105,844
  • Product dimensions: 7.30 (w) x 9.10 (h) x 1.10 (d)

Meet the Author

Judith A. Boss earned her PhD in 1990 from Boston University, her MA from Dalhousie University in Canada in 1971, and her BA from the University of Western Australia in 1969. Prior to pursing a career in academia, she worked as a writer/researcher for the Nova Scotia Museum. She was on the faculty of the Department of Philosophy at the University of Rhode Island from 1988 to 1995 and worked as Assistant Director of Curriculum Affairs at Brown University School of Medicine until 2004 when she "retired" to return to full-time writing and became a visiting scholar with the philosophy department at Brown University. She continued, until last year, to teach one course a semester at the University of Massachusetts. In addition to her philosophical interests, she completed a MS in Human Development at URI in 1991 and has led faculty workshops and written extensively on the topic of college student development. She was recipient of a URI Foundation Grant to study the effects of community service learning on students' moral development and has served as a grant application reviewer for the Corporation for National Service. The author of nine books, her publications include ANALYZING MORAL ISSUES and ETHICS FOR LIFE, both with McGraw-Hill. Her Critical Thinking textbook THiNK, also with McGraw-Hill, just came out in 2009. She is published in, among other, The Journal of Moral Education, Public Affairs Quarterly, The Journal of Medical Ethics, Academic Medicine, Educational Theory, Free Inquiry, and The Journal of Experiential Education. During her spare time she volunteers with the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Services and is active in the Appalachian Mountain Club. An avid traveler, she has traveled with students from the University of Rhode Island and Brown Medical School to work with underserved, indigenous people in Guatemala and Mexico. Her favorite travel destination, however, is Antarctica, and she is currently looking for a publisher for a suspense/thriller she wrote that is set in Antarctica. She lives in Rhode Island with her daughter, son-in-law and twin granddaughters.

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Table of Contents

1. Moral Theory

Moral Philosophy / What Is the Purpose of Moral Theories? / The Types of Moral Theories / Relativism in Ethics / Moving Beyond Ethical Relativism / Morality and Religion / Universality and Religious Ethics / Universal Moral Theories / Ethical Egoism / Utilitarianism / Deontology: The Ethics of Duty / Rights-Based Ethics / Virtue Ethics / Conclusion / Aristotle, from Nicomachean Ethics / Ayn Rand, from The Fountainhead / Jeremy Bentham, from An Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation / John Stuart Mill, from Utilitarianism / Immanuel Kant, from Fundamental Principles of the Metaphysic of Ethics / John Rawls, from A Theory of Justice / John Locke, from Two Treatises of Civil Government / Ayn Rand, "Man's Rights" / Nel Noddings, from Caring: A Feminine Approach to Ethics and Moral Education / Thich Nhat Hanh, "The Five Mindfulness Trainings"
2. Abortion


Background / The History of Abortion in the United States / The U.S. Supreme Court Roe v. Wade Decision / Abortion and Religion / Methods of Abortion / The Moral Issues / Conclusion / Judith Jarvis Thomson, "A Defense of Abortion" / John T. Noonan Jr., "An Almost Absolute Value in History" / Mary Anne Warren, "The Moral Significance of Birth" / Don Marquis, "Why Abortion Is Immoral" / Serrin M. Foster, "Refuse to Choose: Women Deserve Better than Abortion" / Steven D. Hales, "Abortion and Fathers' Rights" / Case Studies

3. Genetic Engineering, Cloning and Stem Cell Research


The History of Genetic Engineering / The Human Genome Project / Genetic Engineering / Cloning / Stem Cell Research / Moral Issues of Genetic Engineering and Cloning / Conclusion / Judith A. Johnson and Erin D. Williams, "Human Cloning: ethical and Social Issues" / Leon Kass, "The Wisdom of Repugnance: Why We Should Ban the Cloning of Humans" / James Langevin, "Statement in Support of H.R. 810, the Stem Cell Research Enhancement Act" / George W. Bush, "Stem Cell Research Policy" / Dispute over Body Tissue in a Biotechnology Age" / Julian Salvulescu, "Genetic Interventions and the Ethics of Enhancement of Human Beings" / Case Studies

4. Euthanasia and Assisted Suicide


What Is Euthanasia? / The Philosophers on Euthanasia / The Contemporary Debate over Euthanasia / Euthanasia Legislation / Physician-Assisted Suicide / The Hospice Movement / The Moral Issues / Conclusion / James Rachels, "Active and Passive Euthanasia" / Margaret Pabst Battin, "The Case for Euthanasia" / J. Gay-Williams, "The Wrongfulness of Euthanasia" / John Hardwig, "Is There a Duty to Die?" / Susan M. Wolf, "A Feminist Critique of Physician-Assisted Suicide" / Case Studies

5. The Death Penalty


History of the Death Penalty / The Death Penalty Today / The Death Penalty: Juvenile and Mentally Retarded Offenders / The Medicalization of Executions / DNA Testing / The Philosophers on the Death Penalty / Moral Issues / Conclusion / Ernest Van Den Haag, "The Ultimate Punishment: A Defense of Capital Punishment" / Christopher W. Morris, "Punishment and Loss of Moral Standing" / Hugo Adam Bedau, "Capital Punishment" / Jeffrey Reiman, "Why the Death Penalty Should Be Abolished in the United States" / Helen Prejean, from Dead Man Walking / Case Studies

6. Drug and Alcohol Use


What Is a Drug? / The History of Drug and Alcohol Use / Legal and Illegal Drugs / Drug and Alcohol Use Today / Drug and Alcohol Use among College Students / Drugs in Sports / The Disease Model of Addiction / The Moral Model of Addiction / The Philosophers on Drug and Alcohol Abuse / Moral Issues / Conclusion / Thomas Szasz, "The Ethics of Addiction" / James Q. Wilson, "Against the Legalization of Drugs" / Douglas N. Husak, "A Moral Right to Use Drugs" / Thomas H. Murray, "Drugs, Sports, and Ethics" / Laura Dean-Mooney and John McCardell, "Two Takes on the 21 Drinking Age" / Case Studies

7. Sexual Intimacy and Marriage


Religious and Cultural Attitudes toward Sexuality and Marriage / Sexual Intimacy and Love / Marriage / Homosexuality and Same-Sex Marriages / Cohabitation and Premarital Sex / The Philosophers on Sexuality and Marriage / Adultery and Infidelity / Sex and Violence / Prostitution and Sex Trade / Moral Issues / Conclusion / The Vatican, from Declaration on Sexual Ethics / Sara Ruddick, "Better Sex" / Michael Ruse, "Is Homosexuality Bad Sexuality?" / Margaret H. Marshall and Robert J. Coady, "Goodridge v. Department of Health (2003) / Richard Wasserstrom, "Is Adultery Immoral?" / Lois Pineau, "Date Rape: A Feminist Analysis" / Case Studies

8. Feminism, Motherhood, and the Workplace


Feminism / The Philosophers on Women / Pornography / Motherhood / Women in the Workplace / Sexual Harassment / Moral Issues / Conclusion / Simone de Beauvoir, "The Second Sex" / Ruth Groenhout, "Essentialist Challenges to Liberal Feminism" / Linda Hirshman, "Homeward Bound" / Cathy Young, "The Return of the Mommy Wars" / Steven Goldberg, "The Logic of Patriarchy" / Katie Roiphe, "Reckless Eyeballing: Sexual Harassment on Campus" / Gloria Steinem, "Women are Never Front Runners" / Case Studies

9. Freedom of Speech


What Is "Freedom of Speech"? / Limitations on Freedom of Speech / The First Amendment to the U.S. Constitution / Freedom of Speech in Cyberspace and Telemarketing / Pornography / Hate Speech as Protected Speech / Speech Codes and Free Speech Zones on College Campuses / The Philosophers on Freedom of Speech / Moral Issues / Conclusion / John Stuart Mill, from On Liberty / Catharine A. MacKinnon, "Pornography, Civil Rights, and Speech" / Charles R. Lawrence III, "If He Hollers Let Him Go: Regulating Racist Speech on Campus" / Nadine Strossen, "Hate Speech and Pornography: Do We Have to Choose Between Freedom of Speech and Equality" / Stanley Fish, "There's No Such Thing as Free Speech and It's a Good Thing, Too" / Alan M. Dershowitz, "Political Correctness, Speech Codes, and Diversity" / Cass R. Sunstein, "The First Amendment in Cyberspace" / Case Studies

10. Racial Discrimination and Global Justice


Defining the Key Terms / The Philosophers on Racism / The Roots of American Racism / Racism Today / Globalization, Colonialism, and Racism / Moral Issues / Conclusion / Lyndon B. Johnson, "To Fulfill These Rights" / Jorge Garcia, "The Heart of Racism" / Bernard R. Boxill, "The Color-Blind Principle" / Michael Levin, "Race, Biology, and Justice" / William I. Robinson, "'Aqui Estamos y No Nos Vamos!' Global Capital and Immigrant Rights" / Thomas Pogge, "World Poverty and Human Rights" / Case Studies

11. War and Terrorism


Background / The Philosophers on War and Terrorism / The Just-War Tradition / Weapons of Mass Destruction / Pacifism and Conscription / Moral Issues / Conclusion / Elizabeth Anscombe, "War and Murder" / C.A.J. Coady, "War and Terrorism" / Sohail H. Hashmi, "Interpreting the Islamic Ethics of War and Peace" / Jonathan Granoff, "Nuclear Weapons, Ethics, Morals and Law" / David Luban, "The War on Terrorism and the End of Human Rights" / Stephen Joel Trachtenberg, "Sharing the Burden" / Ron Paul, "Conscription: The Terrible Price of War" / Jonathan Granoff, "Peace and Security" / Case Studies

12. Animal Rights and Environmental Ethics


The Legal and Moral Status of Nonhuman Animals / The Legal and Moral Status of the Environment / The Philosophers on the Moral Value of Nonhuman Animals and the Environment / Animal Farming, Environmental Degradation, and Vegetarianism / Pollution and Global Warming / Animal Experimentation / Moral Issues / Conclusion / Tom Regan, "The Moral Basis of Vegetarianism" / Jan Narveson, "Animal Rights Revisited" / Peter Singer, from Animal Liberation / Carl Cohen, "Do Animals Have Rights?" / Aldo Leopold, "The Land Ethic" / Bill Devall and George Sessions, "Deep Ecology" / Al Gore, "Perspective on Global Warming" / Karen J. Warren, "The Power and the Promise of Ecological Feminism" / Case Studies
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