The Anarchist: A Novel

The Anarchist: A Novel

5.0 2
by John Smolens

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On a stifling, hot afternoon in September 1901, a young anarchist, Leon Czolgosz, who has been stalking President William McKinley, waits in line to meet the president, his right hand wrapped in a handkerchief and held across his chest as though it were in a sling.  But the handkerchief conceals a .32-caliber revolver. When the president greets him, Czolgosz… See more details below


On a stifling, hot afternoon in September 1901, a young anarchist, Leon Czolgosz, who has been stalking President William McKinley, waits in line to meet the president, his right hand wrapped in a handkerchief and held across his chest as though it were in a sling.  But the handkerchief conceals a .32-caliber revolver. When the president greets him, Czolgosz fires two shots.

The nation quickly plummets into fear and anger.  A week later, rioting mobs attempt to lynch McKinley’s assassin, and across the country, political dissidents such as the notorious Emma Goldman are tracked down and arrested.  Driven by a sense of duty and by his love for a beautiful Russian prostitute, Czolgosz’s confidant, Moses Hyde, infiltrates an anarchist group as it sets in motion a deadly scheme designed to push the country into a state of terror.

The Anarchist brilliantly renders a haunting and belligerent twentieth-century landscape teeming with corrupt politicians, kind-hearted prostitutes, dissidents, and immigrants eager for a fresh start.  It is an America where every allegiance is questioned, and every hope and aspiration comes at a price.

From the Trade Paperback edition.

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Editorial Reviews

Ron Charles
Have you ever cut yourself on a piece of glass without realizing it? Just like that, Smolens slides through gruesome episodes in such muted, unadorned prose that you barely realize what's happened until you see the blood. The genius of this novel is the tension he creates by moving quickly from quiet, moving scenes in the president's sickroom or Czolgosz's prison cell to raw, startling flashes of violence during the criminal investigation…It's an enthralling descent into the dark byways of the criminal mind and the vast system of canals that ran through Buffalo. Here is the crime that launched the 20th century, the unlikely imprint of a lonely man's delusion on the soft metal of the world.
—The Washington Post
Publishers Weekly
Smolens's plodding sixth novel revolves around the assassination of President McKinley. Among the ensemble cast is assassin Leon Czolgosz; Buffalo police captain Lloyd Savin; Pinkerton agent Jake Norris; and various informants, the most important of whom is Hyde, the only person who knows what Czolgosz looks like and thus is in high demand by both the police and the grimy assortment of anarchists and thugs who hope to exploit the shooting for their own purposes. Czolgosz remains a bit of a cipher: he's enamored, sometimes to the point of delusion, of Emma Goldman, but his motives for wanting to assassinate the president are murky; sometimes he wants to “secure his place in history,” and sometimes the killing is his duty. Though other characters fare better—Hyde is particularly well drawn—Smolens never fully sells the era, leaning too heavily on cut-and-dried class and ethnic tensions (the white establishment oppressing the immigrant anarchists), while the surprisingly reserved narrative feels very at odds with the inherent tension of the assassination plot. The prose is competent, even rather nice at times, but the narrative's slowness is crippling. (Dec.)
Library Journal
This is a skillfully rendered historical novel about the assassination of President William McKinley in 1901. McKinley's assassin, Leon Czolgosz, was the poor son of a Polish immigrant family who came under the influence of a group of radical anarchists advocating the assassination of political and business leaders in order to liberate the working class. The historical records regarding Czolgosz are, as Smolens (The Invisible World) notes in an afterword, "scant, murky, and contradictory." Nonetheless, Smolens has fashioned a believable, complex, and human protagonist. He also puts forth a novel about historical conditions that produced this assassination; throughout, we see revolutionary ideas like socialism, communism, and anarchy being discussed (and, in some cases, tested) by various characters, who protest the repetitive, demanding, and dangerous work laborers performed for meager wages. VERDICT These were indeed dangerous and tumultuous times, and Smolens brings them convincingly to life. Highly recommended for fans of historical fiction.—Patrick Sullivan, Manchester Community Coll., Manchester, CT\
Kirkus Reviews
Smolens (Fire Point, 2004, etc.) takes us inside the mind of the man who shot President McKinley. Buffalo police captain Lloyd Savin recruits Pinkerton detective Jake Norris in August 1901 to investigate the murder of a young prostitute named Clementine, whose body was found floating in the Erie Canal. Norris has come from Washington to look into anarchist threats against McKinley, scheduled to appear in Buffalo next month. Specifically, Norris is tracking the movements of a young firebrand named Leon Czolgosz, who has been speaking in public about workers' rights and changing history; reportedly, Czolgosz has said it's a citizen's duty to kill the president. Norris correctly deduces that Big Maud's house, where Clementine worked, is connected to Czolgosz. When the focus shifts to the assassin-to-be, the reader gets a far more human portrait than history has commonly provided. Born in Cleveland, where his parents owned a small grocery store, Czolgosz is part of a vibrant populist movement seen by some as a threat to the nation. He is also obsessed with meeting his idol, Emma Goldman. A third major narrative strand concerns Moses Hyde, Czolgosz's confidant and Norris' informant. A restless soul brimming with vague empathy for the common man, Hyde has understandably complex feelings about his situation, staying in Buffalo mostly because of his crush on a majestic Russian prostitute at Big Maud's. The assassination occurs before the novel's midpoint, with the narrative moving slowly through its aftermath. The McKinleys, Theodore Roosevelt and other characters both real and imagined all hold center stage for a time; readers are drawn into their various stories by carefully crafted prose whosequiet authority is bolstered by a firm grasp of period detail. A character-driven historical novel that transcends genre and provides a fascinating perspective on the current spate of populist discontent with Washington.

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At first light a carriage stopped on the towpath above the Erie Canal. Four men climbed out and walked single file across a footbridge, Captain Lloyd Savin leading two uniformed police officers and Pinkerton detective Jake Norris, who followed a ways behind, his head lowered as he gazed down at the water. He had recently arrived from Washington, D.C., and this was the first time he'd seen the canal. He expected it to be wider. Though it was August, a raw wind blew in from Lake Erie, a reminder that in Buffalo winter was never far off, and an occasional drop of rain tapped on the hard dome of his bowler. He took great pride in his hat, which had white satin lining and cost him five dollars.

On the far side of the canal a barge, the Glockenspiel, was tied to a pier in front of a brick warehouse; it was a shallow-draft, broad-beamed vessel, a good seventy feet in length, designed to negotiate the low bridges that spanned the canal. The four men descended on a narrow plank to the deck and went astern, where two other uniformed policemen stood over the body, which was covered by a frayed blanket.

Savin didn't appear interested in the body; instead, he approached the man who was standing in the open pilothouse door. "This your boat?"

"It is."

"Your name?"

"Bruener. Klaus Bruener." He had a heavy German accent and was easily over six feet tall. His nose was large and crooked, no doubt broken several times, and his hands were enormous.

Savin took a pack of Turkish Delights from the pocket of his raincoat and lit a cigarette. He had a perpetual grimace as though he were enduring constant pain. "Where'd you find her?" He flicked the matchstick into the canal.

Bruener nodded toward the footbridge. "Floating under there. We are just coming in from Rochester when my son spots something from the bow. So he climbs down and pulls her out." He smiled, revealing brown teeth. "Don't think the boy ever touched a naked woman before. Kind of upsets him--more 'n that she be dead. If you take my meaning."

Norris cleared his throat to get Savin's attention, and then he asked Bruener, "Where is your son now?"

Bruener tugged on his wool cap a moment. He looked like he wasn't going to bother to answer, but then something seemed to make him reconsider. "Below in the cabin."

Savin went to the blanket now and lifted one corner. Norris was trying to determine whether his hesitance was because he didn't want to see what was underneath or he wanted to hold the moment of anticipation a moment longer. When Savin tossed the blanket aside, he glanced down at the woman's body, and then looked away as he drew on his cigarette.

"It was dark," Bruener said. "He might not a seen her if it wasn't for the hat."

She was only wearing a yellow felt hat, pulled down snug on her scalp. Her flesh was pale blue and bruises stood out on her arms, neck, and face, which was badly swollen.

"Look at them nipples," one of the policemen whispered. "Big as fried eggs."

"She called herself Clementine," Bruener said.

"You knew her?" Norris asked.

Bruener nearly smiled. "Worked in the house run by Big Maud."

"She come down here a lot to work the barges?" Norris said.

"You might say that," Bruener said. "She knowed a lot of canawlers."

Norris gazed up at the small group of men who had collected in front of the warehouse. They stood watching, hands shoved in the pockets of their jackets and bib overalls. The country was full of such men, day laborers who laid railroad track, constructed buildings, loaded goods on and off boats and wagons. Just by looking at them Norris could tell which ones had only recently arrived in the United States. Some Washington politicians believed that it would take a good war to prune the immigrants.

Savin took off his felt hat and shaped the indented crown with his forefinger; it was a surprisingly intimate, sensual gesture, and when he saw Norris watching his hand he winced. His black hair was heavily oiled and so smooth against his scalp that it might have been painted on. Like Norris, he understood the advantage of dressing well--tailored suits, a topcoat, and leather shoes that get a regular polish. It was the first thing Norris had noticed about him, along with the fact that the man smoked cigarettes almost constantly. He was several years younger than Norris, who was thirty-eight. Looking around at the other policemen, Savin said, "Anybody here buy sheet time at Big Maud's lately?" The men stared off as though they hoped not to be noticed.

Savin put his hat back on and grimaced around his cigarette. "Now I want all of you to start knocking on doors--every house, every business from here down to Black Rock Harbor. Find somebody who saw or heard something."

The policemen appeared relieved to get away from Savin as they rushed off the barge. He turned to at Norris and said playfully, "Want to go, too, Detective? Try your hand at some mundane police work?"

"I'd rather talk to Bruener's son."

Savin looked as though he'd been insulted, but then he said to Bruener, "Get your boy up here."

Norris went over to the body and leaned down for a closer look. In some places the skin was raw and bloody, but there were no cuts or gashes. The bruises were purple and black, and her left eye seemed to have collapsed in the socket. "Whoever did this used something that wouldn't break the skin."

"Like a fist?" Savin said.

Norris bent down closer until he was within inches of her face. "Look, in her hair."

Reluctantly, Savin leaned over her as well. "I don't know what that is--the doctor will tell when he shows up. It's not hair, but something else." He straightened up, took Norris by the arm, and walked him to the stern of the barge. Quietly, he said, "This is one?"


"She get anything for you?"

Norris shook his head. "She only just started working for me."

"When's the last time you saw her?"

"Two days ago, in a caf®, the Three Brothers."

Savin flicked his cigarette butt into the water. "So she was working for you down here--or was she just providing her usual services?"

"Both, probably. I asked her where she could find anarchists in Buffalo and she said anywhere--the saloons, the whorehouses, the churches, the slaughterhouses, the factories. But she said to try the canal first. It's how people come and go from Buffalo."

Savin nodded as he glanced at the body for a moment. Turning to Norris again, he asked, "Ever fuck her?" Norris stared back at him, and when he realized he wasn't going to get an answer, Savin took out his pack of cigarettes. "Right," he said. "You're a real professional."

"What I am is back where I started when I first got here from Washington," Norris said. "I'll need somebody else. Soon."

"Another whore? Well, we've got plenty of those in Buffalo."

"No. Not this time. I want a man--one that works down here on the boats, a canawler, as they call themselves. I need a canawler."

Savin dragged deeply on his cigarette; he held the smoke down for a moment and then released it, saying in a tight voice, "I don't know if informers and spies are ever going to help you catch anarchists."

"They have in Washington."

"This isn't Washington, Norris."

"On that we agree."

Bruener and his son climbed up a ladder from below and stepped out through the open wheelhouse door. "This is Josef, my son."

Savin walked over to the boy, who was very lean, with a long, sullen face. He might have been eighteen. Warily his eyes drifted toward the naked body, then back to Savin.

"You pulled her out of the canal?" Savin asked.

The boy nodded.

"And you first saw her where?"

Josef raised a long arm and pointed toward the footbridge.

Savin stepped closer to the boy. "You're the loquacious one, aren't you?"

"He don't speak," Bruener said. "Been mute since birth, and he don't hear too good."

"Isn't that grand," Savin said. "Can you tell me what time you saw her?"

The boy held up four fingers.

"Four this morning," Savin said. "About two hours ago."

The boy nodded.

Norris leaned against the stern rail of the barge. His hand touched something coarse and he looked down. Beside him was a cleat, with a dock line attached. The rope had to be as thick as his wrist, and he plucked at it with his fingers, pulling away hemp fibers, stiff, like bits of straw. "Savin," he said. "I think I know what the killer used on her."

Norris got up and went to Clementine's body. Leaning down close to her face, he removed some fibers from her cold wet hair. Holding both samples out, he said, "Rope. Whoever did this beat her with a rope like that."

"Maybe, Detective." Savin appeared angry now as they watched a heavy man, carrying a black bag, walk gingerly across the footbridge. "But why don't we let Dr. Rivard gather the evidence?" Savin went to the bottom of the plank and offered the doctor a hand as though he were a woman.

Dr. Rivard wore a pince-nez and was winded from the climb down to the boat. "In the future, Captain, I would prefer it if you would arrange that the dead bodies in Buffalo turn up on dry land," he said. "I detest any vessel that floats--because I do not." He alone laughed at his joke, and then he put his bag down on the deck and began to inspect the body.

One of the policemen Savin had sent up to the houses above the canal came back to the pier. "Sir, if I could have a word with you?"

"All right, Cullen." Savin climbed the plank up to the pier and the two men talked quietly, their backs to the barge.

It began to rain lightly, each drop making a hollow sound on Norris's bowler. He looked directly at the boy, and said slowly, "Josef, how was she positioned in the water?"

The boy appeared nervous as he watched Norris's mouth.

"Was she faceup?" Norris held his hand out, palm toward the sky, and then turned it over. "Or facedown?"

Josef nodded.

"And she was just like that," Norris said. "No clothes, other than the hat?"

The boy nodded vehemently, his eyes growing wide.

"I wonder when her clothes were taken off," Norris said. "Before or after she was dead." Turning to the doctor, he asked, "I don't suppose there's evidence of sexual activity?"

The doctor said pleasantly, "We can find out."

When Cullen left the pier again, Norris climbed up the plank and joined Savin. The rain was becoming steady.

"This is a lot of work over a whore," Savin said as he lit another cigarette. "Dead ones aren't much use to anyone."

"I doubt she was killed because of her abilities as a prostitute," Norris said. "Bruener has assured us she was well qualified. She must have learned something."

"About anarchists?" Savin said skeptically. "But of course she was killed before she had a chance to report to you." Norris only looked at him in the rain. "Why they sent you out from Washington, I don't know," Savin said. "Because the president is coming to Buffalo next month? What can you do here in a month? You Pinkertons aren't . . ." Savin hesitated, and then he said, "You aren't necessary."

Norris understood Savin taking offense; in his position, he too would resent an outsider. With Savin, it was important not to ask for something, and he said, "It will be necessary for me to find another one."

"Right--another spy, who can infiltrate and inform on the anarchists in Buffalo." Savin's face grew tighter, like a fist. "To ensure our president's safety while he visits Buffalo."

"Find me one."

"Sure I couldn't just get you another whore?"

"No," Norris said patiently. "I said I want a canawler, one who goes to places like Big Maud's."

"There must be a few of those in Buffalo," Savin said. "The anarchists, the bastards, they'll probably kill him, too."

"I need one that can stay alive long enough to be useful."

Before Savin could answer, the doctor called up from the barge. "Well, that's done."

They looked down at Rivard--to stay dry he had stepped under the wheelhouse roof next to Bruener and his son. Clementine's body lay facing them in the rain, legs parted, knees at odd angles. The rain had matted the pubic hair against her skin.

"This woman has entertained recently." Rivard had to raise his voice now because the rain was beating loudly on the deck of the barge. "There's plenty of you know what, you know where."

"Some spy." Savin exhaled smoke. "Just down here on the canal, doing her job."

"If so, why kill a whore?" Norris said.

"Ethical or moral reason?" Savin said. "Or maybe she just wasn't very accommodating."

"No, she found something out."

Norris looked at the group of men who were now leaning against the brick wall of the warehouse, trying to keep from getting soaked. They gazed sullenly down at the barge, as though the police were the guilty ones, responsible for everything from the rain to the death of a prostitute. One of the men was holding a mule by the reins, and when the animal brayed, the sound echoed out over the canal, plaintive and sorrowful.

From the Trade Paperback edition.

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