Anaximander, Heraclitus, Parmenides, Plotinus, Lao-Tzu, Nagarjuna

Overview

Taken from the Great Philosphers, Volume II.

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Overview

Taken from the Great Philosphers, Volume II.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780156075008
  • Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt
  • Publication date: 10/19/1974
  • Series: Harvest Book Series
  • Pages: 152
  • Sales rank: 1,155,482
  • Product dimensions: 5.00 (w) x 8.00 (h) x 0.35 (d)

Table of Contents

An Axim Ander 3
Heraclitus and Parmenides 9
Heraclitus
1. The logos 11
2. Struggle, the salutary way 14
3. Characterization 17
4. Influence 17
Parmendies
1. Being 19
2. The world of appearance 22
3. The decision 23
4. The insoluble difficulties 24
5. Influence 25
Comparison Between Heraclitus and Paramendies
1. Their common situation 28
2. The common new element in their thinking 28
3. Agreement and opposition 29
4. Pure thought 29
5. Prophecy and will to power 30
6. Historical appraisal 31
Plotinus
I. Life and works 32
II. Description of the Plotinian "System" 34
A. Matter and the One 34
B. The scale of beings 35
C. The categories 35
D. Spirit, soul, nature 36
E. Descent and ascent 37
III. Transcending as a Whole 41
IV. The Stages of Knowledge 45
V. Speculative Transcending 50
1. The categories 51
2. Categorial transcending 52
3. Transcending in images of the All 63
VI. Fall and Resurgence 63
A. Necessity and freedom 65
B. Twofold guilt and twofold freedom 66
C. Evil 67
D. The two souls 68
E. The twofold longing 69
F. The situation of the soul in the world 70
G. Philosophy is ascent to the One 71
VII. Against Materialism and Gnosis 73
VIII. Critical Characterization 77
A. Contradictions 77
B. Empirical knowledge and mythical conceptions 78
C. The existential meaning 79
IX. Historical Position and Influence 83
Lao-Tzu
Life and Works 87
I. Exposition of Lao-tzu's Philosophy 88
1. The Tao 88
2. Tao and world 90
Cosmogony and the process of the individual in the world 92
3. Tao and the individual (ethics) 93
4. Tao and government 101
II. Characterization and Criticism 107
1. The meaning of Lao-tzu 107
2. Lao-tzu's successors 110
3. Lao-tzu's historical position and limitations 113
Nagarjuna
I. The Operations of Thought 115
Summary of the Doctrine 119
II. The Meaning of the Doctrine 120
Historical Comparisons 130
Bibliography 133
Index of Names 137
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