Ancient Agricultural Technology: From Sickles to Plows

Overview

Ancient Romans Invented a Machine to Harvest Grain?

Farmers in Ancient China Destroyed the Pests That Harmed Crops by Bringing in Their Natural Predators?

The Ancient Mayans Restored Nutrients to the Soil by Planting Corn and Beans Together?

People learned to farm more than twelve thousand years ago. The first farmers used simple technology. They carried water to their crops by hand. They made farm tools from ...

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Overview

Ancient Romans Invented a Machine to Harvest Grain?

Farmers in Ancient China Destroyed the Pests That Harmed Crops by Bringing in Their Natural Predators?

The Ancient Mayans Restored Nutrients to the Soil by Planting Corn and Beans Together?

People learned to farm more than twelve thousand years ago. The first farmers used simple technology. They carried water to their crops by hand. They made farm tools from wood and animal bones. Over the centuries, ancient farmers devised better technology. Ancient Middle Easterners learned to breed sheep to produce different colors of wool. The ancient Chinese learned how to grow more rice using irrigation techniques. The ancient Greeks built machines for pumping water, grinding grain, and crushing grapes and olives.

What kinds of crops did ancient farmers grow? What kind of animals did they raise? And how did people get their food before agriculture? Learn more in Ancient Agricultural Technology.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780761365266
  • Publisher: Lerner Publishing Group
  • Publication date: 1/1/2011
  • Series: Technology in Ancient Cultures Series
  • Format: Library Binding
  • Pages: 96
  • Age range: 12 - 15 Years
  • Product dimensions: 7.20 (w) x 9.10 (h) x 0.40 (d)

Meet the Author

Mary B. Woods is an elementary school librarian in the Fairfax County (VA) Public School system. She has presented at international librarians' conferences. Mary is the researcher on the Woods team, and Michael is the writer. They have written almost 40 books.

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Table of Contents

Introduction 4

Chapter 1 Before Agriculture 10

Chapter 2 The Ancient Middle East 20

Chapter 3 Ancient Egypt 32

Chapter 4 Ancient China 38

Chapter 5 The Ancient Americas 48

Chapter 6 Ancient Greece 58

Chapter 7 Ancient Rome 64

Epilogue After the Ancients 72

Timeline 84

Glossary 86

Source Notes 88

Selected Bibliography 90

Further Reading 91

Websites 93

Index 94

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  • Anonymous

    Posted June 24, 2011

    This is a fascinating overview of worldwide ancient agricultural technology for the young adult audience ...

    When many people think of technology, they seldom think of technological advances in agriculture. The technology associated with farming did not happen overnight, but rather occurred with inventions and discoveries that took place over tens of thousands of years. Technology can be defined as "the use of knowledge, inventions, and discoveries to make life better." Perhaps if we added the word `easier' the definition could be expanded to fit the needs of ancient hunter-gatherers. Large portions of their days were taken up with the search of food, a search that meant survival. When they were able to find or develop "new tools to assist them in hunting and gathering," it made their jobs much easier and ensured their survival. Spears, bows, arrows, stone knives, nets, and things such as fish hooks enabled ancient people to not only survive, but to thrive.

    People learned to not only hunt and gather their food, but also how to store and preserve it. For example "ancient hunter-gatherers sometimes treated fish with wood smoke" and even learned how to preserve food in snow and ice. Once a constant food supply could be counted on, populations began to settle down and civilizations began to emerge. One of the first things that was needed "on the road to agriculture was domesticating animals." The domestication of plants soon followed as "people learned to grow the plants they needed." Hunter-gatherers no longer needed to spend their days scrounging for food, but rather used their ingenuity to create a continuous food source.

    In this book you will learn how the hunter-gathers contributed to the beginnings of agricultural technology and then you'll be treated to a whirlwind tour around the world. You'll get a glimpse at several civilizations and will learn about the emergence of important advances. In the Middle East you'll read about how "people settled down and grew grain," how they domesticated animals, bred them for "desirable traits," invented the plow and shadoof, used kitchens, invented the potter's wheel, and "used simple hand-operated looms." You'll read about ancient Egyptians and learn how they discovered and improved upon the farming technology from the Middle East. The Egyptians "began to build irrigation systems," you'll learn about how they became the first beekeepers, and learned to make wine and beer. Similarly you'll also get a close look at the Greek, Chinese, Roman, and ancient American civilizations, and learn how they too contributed to the advance of agricultural technology.

    This is a fascinating overview of worldwide ancient agricultural technology for the young adult audience. It's a daunting task to write about agricultural technology without becoming bogged down with an overabundance of factual material, but the author did a nice job by condensing this material and culling out the most important advances. The emphasis was on ancient civilizations, but briefly touched on more modern advances in farming technology in the epilogue. There were many photographic and art reproductions that were primarily archaeological in nature. A map, including a key, shows where the ancient civilizations emerged and are referenced in the book. Numerous informative sidebars and quotations add to the fun and interest of the text. For example, one goes into depth about the history of salt and claims that "salt was so important that ancient pe

    Was this review helpful? Yes  No   Report this review
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