Ancient Aramaic and Hebrew Letters

Overview

A readable anthology of epistles, rather than a guide to alphabetic characters, is presented for nonspecialist scholars of the Middle East, the Bible, and languages. Some of the better preserved letters in the two languages down to the time of Alexander the Great, was first published in 1994. The second edition includes nine new texts, some subsequently published and others subsequently selected. The original scripts are followed by English translations. Annotation ©2003 Book ...
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Overview

A readable anthology of epistles, rather than a guide to alphabetic characters, is presented for nonspecialist scholars of the Middle East, the Bible, and languages. Some of the better preserved letters in the two languages down to the time of Alexander the Great, was first published in 1994. The second edition includes nine new texts, some subsequently published and others subsequently selected. The original scripts are followed by English translations. Annotation ©2003 Book News, Inc., Portland, OR
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781589830363
  • Publisher: Society of Biblical Literature
  • Publication date: 3/8/2004
  • Series: Writings from the Ancient World
  • Edition number: 2
  • Pages: 212
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 9.04 (h) x 0.45 (d)

Table of Contents

Series Editor's Foreword ix
Abbreviations xi
Explanation of Signs xiii
Chronological Table xiv
Maps xvi
Acknowledgments xix
Introduction 1
Translations 15
I. Aramaic Diplomatic-Military Correspondence 17
1. Ashur Ostracon (Report of an Assyrian Officer) 20
2. Adon Papyrus (Appeal to Pharaoh for Military Aid) 23
II. Business and Family Letters 25
3. Hermopolis 1 29
4. Hermopolis 3 30
5. Hermopolis 4 31
6. Hermopolis 2 32
7. Hermopolis 6 34
8. Hermopolis 5 35
9. Hermopolis 7 36
10. Padua 1 (To a Son on a Journey) 36
11. Padua 2 (A Son to His Mother) 38
11a. Berlin Papyrus 23000 (Grain Shipments) 39
III. Ostraca from Elephantine 41
12. Berlin, St. Mus. 1137 (A Dream and Family Matters) 42
13. O. Cairo 35468a (Money for a Religious Society) 43
14. O. Clermont-Ganneau 44 (A Report of Imprisonment) 44
15. Berlin, St. Mus. 11383 (Sheepshearing) 44
16. Berlin, St. Mus. 11383 (Bread and Flour) 45
17. Cambridge 131-133 (Sheep Marketing) 46
18. Bodleian Aram. Inscr. 1 [Lost] (Money and Slaves) 47
19. Bodleian Aram. Inscr. 7 (Family Messages: Passover) 48
20. O. Clermont-Ganneau 70 (Repair of a Garment) 49
21. O. Cairo 49624 (Dedication of a Tunic) 49
22. O. Clermont-Ganneau 152 (Handling of Produce and the Sabbath) 50
23. O. Clermont-Ganneau 16 (Shopping Lists and Shipping Orders) 51
24. O. Clermont-Ganneau 169 (Shopping Lists and Shipping Orders) 51
25. O. Clermont-Ganneau 228 (Shopping Lists and Shipping Orders) 52
25a. O. Clermont-Ganneau 125? (Shopping Lists and Shipping Orders) 53
26. O. Clermont-Ganneau 186 (Shopping Lists and Shipping Orders) 53
27. O. Cairo 35468b (Shopping Lists and Shipping Orders) 54
27a. O. Clermont-Ganneau 277 (Greetings in the Names of the Gods) 55
28. BM 45035a (Miscellaneous) 55
29. BM 45035b (Miscellaneous) 56
IV. Archives of the Jewish Community at Elephantine 61
30. AP 21 (Passover [?] and Unleavened Bread) 65
31. AP 38 (An Accusation and a Warning) 67
32. AP 56+34 (Riot and Imprisonment) 68
33. AP 27 (Accusation of Stopping a Well) 70
34. AP 30/31 (Razing of Temple and Petition for Aid) 72
35. AP 32 (Memorandum on Reconstructing the Temple) 76
36. AP 33 (A Petition and a Bribe) 77
V. Letters from Persian Officials 81
37. AD 2 (Appointment of a Steward) 85
38. AD 4 (Reprimand to an Insubordinate Officer) 86
39. AD 3 (Slaves) 87
40. AD 5 (Slaves) 88
41. AD 6 (Rations for a Traveling Party) 90
42. AD 8 (Restoration of an Estate to Its Rightful Heir) 91
43. AD 7 (Reprimand to a Negligent Steward) 93
44. AD 10 (Overdue Rent) 94
45. AD 11 (Overdue Rent) 96
46. AD 9 (Commission for a Sculptor) 97
47. AD 12 (Complaints) 98
48. AD 13 (Complaint of Unsatisfactory Goods) 100
49. AP 29 (A Boatyard Work Order) 101
VI. Two Hebrew Petitions and a Royal Order 107
50. Yavneh-Yam (Petition of a Poor Man) 109
50a. Moussaieff Hebrew Ostracon #2 (Petition of a Widow) 110
50b. Moussaieff Hebrew Ostracon #1 (A Royal Order) 111
VII. Judean Military-Administrative Letters from Arad and Lachish 113
51. Arad 40 (A Report from Edom) 118
52. Arad 88 (A Royal Fragment) 119
53. Arad 24 (Orders from the King) 119
54. Arad 21 (Fragmentary Letter) 120
55. Arad 18 (Rations and Other Matters) 121
56. Arad 1 (Rations and Other Matters) 121
57. Arad 2 (Rations and Other Matters) 122
58. Arad 3 (Rations and Other Matters) 122
59. Arad 17 (Rations and Other Matters) 123
60. Arad 16 (Rations and Other Matters) 124
61. Lachish 2 (Greetings to a Superior Officer) 124
62. Lachish 3 (Protest of Literacy, Troop Movements, etc.) 125
63. Lachish 4 (Report on Signal-Fire and Other Matters) 126
64. Lachish 6 (Morale) 127
65. Lachish 16 (Fragment Mentioning a Prophet) 128
66. Lachish 5 (Rations) 129
67. Lachish 9 (Rations) 129
VIII. Fragmentary and Miscellaneous 133
67a. Epistolary Formulas from Kuntillet Ajrud 136
67b. DJD 2, 17a (A Papyrus Letter Fragment from Murabaat) 137
68. Horvat Uza (An Edomite Note concerning Grain Delivery) 137
69. Tell el-Mazar (An Ammonite Note concerning Grain) 138
70. Saqqara (A Phoenician Letter) 138
71. Idumea Ostr 199 (An Aramaic Note concerning a Debt) 139
72. Idumea Ostr 196 (An Aramaic Note concerning the Release of a Woman) 140
Sources 143
Concordance of Texts 149
Bibliography 157
Glossary 171
Indexes 175
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