Ancient Cuzco / Edition 1

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Overview

The Cuzco Valley of Peru was both the sacred and the political center of the largest state in the prehistoric Americas—the Inca Empire. From the city of Cuzco, the Incas ruled at least eight million people in a realm that stretched from modern-day Colombia to Chile. Yet, despite its great importance in the cultural development of the Americas, the Cuzco Valley has only recently received the same kind of systematic archaeological survey long since conducted at other New World centers of civilization.

Drawing on the results of the Cuzco Valley Archaeological Project that Brian Bauer directed from 1994 to 2000, this landmark book undertakes the first general overview of the prehistory of the Cuzco region from the arrival of the first hunter-gatherers (ca. 7000 B.C.) to the fall of the Inca Empire in A.D. 1532. Combining archaeological survey and excavation data with historical records, the book addresses both the specific patterns of settlement in the Cuzco Valley and the larger processes of cultural development. With its wealth of new information, this book will become the baseline for research on the Inca and the Cuzco Valley for years to come.

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Product Details

Meet the Author

Brian S. Bauer is Professor of Anthropology at the University of Illinois at Chicago and the author or coauthor of four previous books on the Inca.
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Table of Contents

Acknowledgments
Chapter 1. Introduction to the Inca
The Cuzco Valley at the Time of the Inca Empire: A Brief Overview
The Cuzco Valley and Its Natural Resources
Overview of Cuzco Archaeological Research
The Cuzco Valley Archaeological Project
The Cuzco Chronology
Chapter 2. The Inca Heartland
The Social Hierarchy of the Cuzco Region
Summary and Discussion
Chapter 3. Human Impact and Environmental History of the Cuzco Region (Alex Chepstow-Lusty, Brian S. Bauer, and Michael Frogley)
Ice Cores
Lake-Sediment Cores
The Cuzco Environment and Human Impact: 10,000-2000 BC
The Cuzco Environment and Human Impact: 2000 BC-AD 100
The Cuzco Environment and Human Impact: AD 100-1100
The Cuzco Environment and Human Impact: AD 1100-1490
The Cuzco Environment and Human Impact during the Little Ice Age: AD 1490-1880
Summary and Discussion
Chapter 4. The Archaic Period and the First People of the Cuzco Valley (9500-2200 BC) (Brian Bauer, Bradford Jones, and Cindy Klink)
The Cuzco Archaic Period
Summary and Discussion
Chapter 5. The Formative Period and the Emergence of Ranked Societies (2200 BC-AD 200)
The Early Formative Phase (2200-1500 BC) and the Beginnings of Ceramic Production
The Middle Formative Phase and the Establishment of Autochthonous Village Leadership (ca. 1500-500 BC)
The Late Formative Phase and the Development of a Valley-wide Chiefdom (500 BC-AD 200)
The Late Formative Phase in the Cuzco Valley
Summary and Discussion
Chapter 6. The Qotakalli Period: Time of Regional Development (AD 200-600)
Previous Research on the Qotakalli Period
Altiplano Influence in the Cuzco Region during the Qotakalli Period
The Cuzco Valley during the Qotakalli Period
The Distribution of Qotakalli Ceramics beyond the Cuzco Valley
Summary and Discussion
Chapter 7. The Wari Period (AD 600-1000) in the Cuzco Region
Indicators of Wari Influence
The Development and Expansion of the Wari Empire
The Site of Pikillacta
The Wari in the Cuzco Region
Dating the Period of Wari Influence in the Cuzco Region
Summary and Discussion
Chapter 8. The Development of the Inca State (AD 1000-1400) (Brian S. Bauer and R. Alan Covey)
Previous Research on the Development of the Inca Heartland
Archaeological Surveys in the Inca Heartland
Ceramic Styles of the Killke Period
Other Killke-Related Styles in the Cuzco Region
State Formation in the Cuzco Basin
The Region South of the Cuzco Valley
The Region West and Northwest of the Cuzco Valley
The Region North of the Cuzco Valley
The Region East and Southeast of the Cuzco Valley
Inca State Formation and Imperial Administrative Strategies
Summary and Discussion
Chapter 9. The Cuzco Valley during Imperial Inca Rule
Identifying Inca Sites
Distribution of Inca Sites in the Cuzco Valley
Storage Facilities in Cuzco and the Valley
The Site of Sacsayhuaman
Summary and Discussion
Chapter 10. Inca Cuzco
Important Documents
The Arrival of the First Europeans in Cuzco
The Fall of Inca Cuzco (1533-1536)
The Plazas of Central Cuzco
The Casana Compound
The Coracora Compound
East Side of the Plaza
The Amarucancha Compound
The Sondorhuasi Tower
The Acllahuasi Compound
The Hatuncancha Compound
The Pucamarca Compound
Cusicancha
Other Important Buildings in Cuzco
Summary and Discussion
Chapter 11. The Coricancha
Atahualpa's Ransom and the Gold of the Coricancha (1533-1534)
Other Early Descriptions of the Coricancha
The Coricancha and Inca Astronomy
The Coricancha as the Center of the Empire
The Coricancha and the Shrines of the Cuzco Ceque System
Summary and Discussion
Chapter 12. The Mummies of the Royal Inca
Polo de Ondegardo and the Inca Mummies
Ancestor Worship in the Andes
The Royal Panacas of Cuzco
Care for the Mummies
Representations of the Inca Kings and Their Huauques and Bultos
Discovery and Destruction of the Royal Inca Mummies
Polo de Ondegardo, Viceroy Hurtado de Mendoza, and the Fate of the Inca Mummies
Summary and Discussion
Chapter 13. Overview of the Inca Heartland
Appendix. Radiocarbon Dates from the Cuzco Region
Notes
Bibliography
Index
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