The Ancient Egyptians / Edition 2

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This book traces the evolution of religious beliefs and practices within the historical and political contexts of the main periods of Egypt’s civilization. It shows how historical and political events influenced state cults, temple rituals, and funerary practices and also emphasizes how religion permeated most aspects of everyday life, including law, medicine, and education. Ancient Egyptians also describes how some religious customs have even survived, in different forms, until the present day.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
“A readable introduction to the main themes—creation myths and solar beliefs, priesthood and ritual, Osiris and the theology of kingship, architecture and iconography—set into the context of Egyptian history as it develops over two and a half millennia.”  —Expository Times
From the Publisher

“A readable inroduction to the main themes – creation myths and solar beliefs, priesthood and ritual, Osiris and the theology of kingship, architecture and iconongraphy – set into the context of Egyptian history as it develops over two and a half millennia.” —The Expository Times

Traces the evolution of religious beliefs and practices within the historical and political contexts of Egyptian civilization. Shows how political events influenced rituals and practices, emphasizing how religion permeated most aspects of everyday life, and describes how some religious customs have survived in different forms. For students and general readers. Distributed by ISBS. Annotation c. by Book News, Inc., Portland, Or.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781898723721
  • Publisher: Sussex Academic Press
  • Publication date: 4/1/1998
  • Series: Sussex Library of Religious Beliefs and Practices
  • Edition description: Revised Edition
  • Edition number: 2
  • Pages: 262
  • Product dimensions: 5.40 (w) x 8.40 (h) x 0.80 (d)

Meet the Author

Rosalie David is a reader in Egyptology at the University of Manchester and the keeper of Egyptology at the Manchester University Museum. She lectures on ancient Egyptian religion and her research has included the scientific investigation of Egyptian mummies and a study of Egyptian temple ritual. She is the author of more than 20 books on Egyptology, including Egyptian Mummies and Modern Science.

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Table of Contents

List of Maps, Figures and Plates viii

Maps 1 and 2 xii

Preface xiv

Acknowledgments xvi

Abbreviation xvii

Part I A Survey Of The Historical Development Of Religion In Ancient Egypt

Introduction 3

1 The Predynastic and Early Dynastic communities 10

The Predynastic societies 10

The Dynastic Race 11

The political and social organisation of the Naqada II communities 14

The Unification of Egypt 15

The political organisation of the Early Dynastic period 17

Religious beliefs and practices during the Predynastic and Early Dynastic Periods 19

The contribution of the Archaic Period 40

2 The Old Kingdom 41

Organisation of the society 42

Religious organisation 44

Cosmogonies 45

The cult of Re' 48

The Wisdom Literature 50

The funerary beliefs and customs of the Old Kingdom 52

The Pyramid Texts 70

The tombs of the nobility 74

Tomb art - the underlying principles 79

The decline of the Old Kingdom 87

3 The First Intermediate Period and the Middle Kingdom 91

Collapse of the society 91

Restoration of political order 93

The Middle Kingdom 94

Religious developments in Dynasties 11 and 12 97

Royal funerary monuments of Dynasties 11 and l2 98

The royal jewellery of the Middle Kingdom 100

A pyramid workmen's village 104

Osiris and the democratisation of funerary beliefs 105

The tombs of the nobles during the First Intermediate Period and the Middle Kingdom 112

Tomb equipment and furniture 113

4 The New Kingdom 119

The period of Hyksos rule 119

The role of Amen-Re' (Amun) 120

The Egyptian temple 124

The priesthood 134

The role of religion in education 135

The role of religion in the law 137

The role of religion in medicine 139

Household gods and personal piety 141

The relationship between Egyptian and foreign cults and deities 143

Funerary beliefs and practices in the New Kingdom 146

The court of Amenophis III 153

History of the Aten 157

Aspects of Atenism 165

The counter-revolution 169

5 Some Contributions made by Egyptian Religion to Other Traditions 172

Part II Primary Sources For The Study Of Egyptian Religion

Appendix A1 Primary Sources: Religious Texts and Archaeological Bibliography 182

Appendix A2 Selected Passages from Egyptian Religious Literature 196

Appendix B A selective List of Major Religious sites in Egypt 207

Part III Secondary Sources For The Study Of Egyptian Religion

Appendix C Secondary sources and Additional Bibliography Dealing with Specific Aspects and Controversies 219

Appendix D A Chronological Table of Egyptian History 253

Index 255

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