Ancient Greece: Social and Historical Documents from Archaic Times to the Death of Alexander / Edition 2

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Overview

Ancient Greece presents a wide range of documents on Greek social and political history from 800 to 399 BC, from all over the Greek world. It includes source material on political developments in Greece, including colonization in the Mediterranean and the Black Sea, Athenian democracy, the constitution of Sparta and the Peloponnesian War. Detailed chapters focus on social phenomena, such as Greek religion, slavery and labour, the family and the role of women. The book contains clear, precise translations of documents taken not only from historical sources but also from inscriptions, graffiti, law codes, epitaphs, decrees, drama and poetry, many of which have not previously been translated into English. Concise, up-to-date bibliographies and commentaries are included for each document and each section. Ancient Greece is a definitive collection which contains concise source material and is invaluable for use on ancient history courses at all levels.
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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
'The ideal companion to a political or cultural history of ancient Greece...the anthology is unrivalled...Very useful!' - International Review of Biblical Studies, Germany

'In this enlarged edition the editors have expanded the coverage to include the fourth century to give readers an even broader and better means to understand the development of Greek life.'Contemporary Review

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Product Details

Table of Contents

Preface
List of Tables and Maps
Glossary
Some Useful Definitions
1 Colonization 1
The Delphic Oracle 3
The Oikistes 4
Mother-cities and their Colonies 5
The Colonization of the West: Italy and Sicily 7
The Black Sea and Propontis 12
Spartan Colonization 15
The Colonization of Thasos by Paros 18
The Greeks at Cyrene 20
The Greeks in Egypt: Traders and Mercenaries 25
Greeks and Native Populations 28
2 Tyrants and Tyranny 31
Tyranny at Sicyon: the Orthagorids 656/5?-556/5? 34
Tyranny at Corinth: the Kypselids c. 658-c. 585 37
Theagenes and Tyranny in Megara, c. 640 42
Kylon's Attempted Tyranny at Athens 43
Tyranny at Mytilene 45
Polykrates of Samos 48
Polykrates' Patronage of the Arts 51
The Sicilian Tyrants 53
Tyrants and the Panhellenic Games 55
Tyrants and Public Works 56
The Spartan Opposition to Tyranny 57
Thucydides and Aristotle on Tyranny 58
3 The Law-Givers: Drakon and Solon 61
Drakon the Law-Giver 63
Poverty and Inequality in Attica before Solon 66
Solon and his Background 69
The Seisachtheia 71
Solon's Constitutional Reforms 74
Solon's Social Legislation 80
Solon on Trade and Agriculture 82
Solon's 'Apodemia' and the Dating of his Reforms 85
Reactions to Solon's Legislation 87
Solon and Tyranny 89
4 Peisistratos and His Sons 91
The Three Parties 93
Peisistratos' First Tyranny 94
Peisistratos' Second Tyranny 96
Peisistratos in Exile 98
Peisistratos Returns to Power for the Third Time 99
Peisistratos as Tyrant 102
Peisistratos' Religious Policy 104
Peisistratos' Family 104
The Reign of the Peisistratidai 107
The Tyrants and Public Works 111
The Assassination of Hipparchos 112
The Tyranny becomes Harsher 114
The Overthrow of the Tyranny by the Spartans 116
The Cult of the Tyrannicides 119
Drinking Songs in Praise of the Tyrannicides 121
5 Kleisthenes the Reformer 123
Kleisthenes, Isagoras and Kleomenes 125
Tribes, Boule and Strategia 129
Ostracism 132
Demes 140
6 Sparta 147
Lykourgos 'the Law-Giver' 149
The Spartan Ethos 151
The Spartan Constitution 157
Spartan Kingship 159
Aristotle's Criticisms of the Constitution 164
Community Life in Sparta 166
Spartan Foreign Affairs 169
The Spartan Economy and View of Money 171
Kleomenes: the 'Mad' Spartan King 173
Later Views of the Spartans 179
7 The Persian Wars 181
The Ionian Revolt 184
Marathon, 490 187
Xerxes' Campaigns 194
Greece Prepares for the Attack 195
Thermopylai and Artemision 199
Salamis 202
Plataea 210
8 The Delian League and the Pentekontaetia 219
The Origins of the Delian League 222
The Aftermath of the Persian Wars 228
Constitutional Change in Athens 231
Athenian Military Campaigns 233
The First Peloponnesian War 236
Perikles 'the Olympian' 240
The Tribute 245
Athens and her Allies 246
9 The Peloponnesian War and its Aftermath 251
The Outbreak of the Peloponnesian War 253
The Archidamian War, 431-21 254
The Tribute in the Peloponnesian War 264
The Sicilian Expedition and its Aftermath 272
The Fall of Athens 281
The Rule of the Thirty Tyrants 283
Socrates and the 'New Education' 284
10 The Polis: The Greek City-State 294
Athens: 'the Violet-Crowned City' 296
The Workings of Athenian Democracy 301
Citizenship 308
City-States and their Laws 311
Leagues, Unions and Federations 315
Trade and Commerce 317
11 Labour: Slaves, Serfs and Citizens 325
Enslavement and the Slave Trade 327
Slaves: their Occupations and Training 330
Slave Prices 332
Slaves in War 333
The Legal Position of Slaves 335
Metics 338
Helots, Perioikoi and Serfs 343
Citizen Labour 346
The Dramatic Slave 350
12 Religion in the Greek World 354
The Eleusinian Mysteries 356
Asklepios the Healer 361
The Olympian Religion and its Critics 363
Heroes 365
Divination: Omens and Oracles 367
Festivals 370
Sanctuaries and Cult Regulations 372
Death & Funeral Customs 373
Women and their Religious Role 376
Myrrhine, Priestess of Athena Nike 377
Personal Piety 380
The Greeks and their Identity 382
13 Women, Sexuality, and the Family 383
Sappho of Lesbos 385
Early Moralizers and Misogynists 387
Spartan Women and Families 391
The 'Historical' Woman 397
Inscriptional Evidence 401
The Legal Status of Women 405
The Working Woman: at Home and Abroad 413
Women in Greek Drama 417
Homosexuality and Pederasty 423
Prostitution 433
Epilogue 440
14 The Ancient Sources 441
Logographers and Historians 446
Biography 455
Geography 456
Drama 457
Lyric and Elegiac 458
Political Philosophy 460
Orators 460
Chronological Table 462
Bibliography 464
Index of Ancient Sources 520
General Index 526
Genealogical Tables 536
Maps 540
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