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Ancient Greece: A Political, Social, and Cultural History / Edition 3

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Overview

A dynamic collaboration between four renowned scholars, here is the definitive portrait of the fountainhead of Western culture, an account that is thoughtful and sophisticated while remaining accessible to the nonscholar.
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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher

"Expertly written and highly accessible, the new edition of Ancient Greece is a superb example of how the history of Greek civilization should be analyzed and presented to students and a general audience. Of special note is the inclusion of new findings and interpretations that bring the narrative up to date. I know of no comparable textbook on the political, social, military, and cultural story of the ancient Greeks that matches it in range, depth, and approachability."--Joseph Roisman, Colby College

"Ancient Greece is an excellent choice for those seeking a comprehensive treatment of ancient Greek history. Its chronological reach is long, and it devotes a great deal of attention to social and cultural topics along with the standard political and military ones."--Eric Wild Robinson, Indiana University

Library Journal
Four well-known classicists have taken the traditional chronology of Greek history texts and written a much-needed overview for modern students. By means of a chapter structure that is well designed and logical, they take us through each period of Greek history and introduce the defining historiographical and literary issues. Each chapter begins with a discussion of the sources for that period and includes annotated endnotes that deal extensively with recent scholarship. Unlike many other histories, the book goes into depth on the Hellenistic period, as well as the Bronze and Dark Ages. Although the Spartans and Athenians naturally dominate, the authors consider Sparta before Athens, reflecting the order in which the moderns have admired them. An appropriate balance is found between political, social, and cultural history, and the authors display no outlandish prejudices to derail this noble effort. Recommended for all academic and large public libraries.--Claibourne G. Williams, Ferris State Univ., Big Rapids, MI
Kirkus Reviews
From Pomeroy (Classics/Hunter Coll.), Stanley M. Burstein (History/Calif. State U niv., Los Angeles), Walter Donlan (Classics/Univ. of Calif., Irvine), and Jennifer Tolbert Roberts (Classics/City Coll. of New York), a comprehensive narrative history that emphasizes the "astonishing creativity, versatility, and resilience" of the culture shaped by the ancient Greeks. A poor, backward people occupying barely cultivable land on the periphery of the Mediterranean world, the Bronze Age Hellenes or Greeks (c. 3000-1150 B.C.) seem in retrospect an unlikely bet to become the progenitors of a great world civilization. While Bronze Age Greece eventually developed a distinctive culture and power base at Mycenae (c. 1600-1100 B.C. ), it derived most of its industrial skills from its more highly developed neighbors around the Mediterranean basin. And beginning around 1150 B.C., the authors speculate, a mysterious wave of invaders from the north wiped out the brilliant Mycenaean civilization, reducing Greek society to a culturally primitive "dark age" until around 750 B.C. The authors' account treats aspects of Greek life for which primary sources are sparse—-the role of women, for instance—-but it doesn't neglect the amazing political, artistic, architectural, philosophical, and literary achievements of classical Athens and other cities. The authors detail the development of Athens and Sparta, the creative tensions between them that helped defend Greece from Persian invasion, the ruinous wars that vitiated the Greek polis or city-state, and the extensive colonization (by the city-states) and conquest (by Alexander the Great) that spread Greek civilization from modem France to what is nowPakistan. While the Hellenistic kingdoms that resulted from the Alexandrian conquest were brutally absorbed into the Roman super-state, the cultural legacy of Greece remained pervasively influential in the Roman world and exerted a profound effect on the rise of Christianity. An accessible and well-balanced introduction to the culture and history of ancient Greece, useful for both student and general reader. .
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780199846047
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • Publication date: 12/16/2011
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 3
  • Pages: 592
  • Sales rank: 171,859
  • Product dimensions: 7.40 (w) x 9.10 (h) x 1.00 (d)

Meet the Author

Sarah Pomeroy is Professor of Classics at Hunter College and the CUNY Graduate Center. Stanley M. Burstein is Professor of History and Chair of the History Department at California State University, Los Angeles. Walter Donlan is Professor of Classics at the University of California, Irvine. Jennifer Tolbert Roberts is Professor of Classics and History at the City College of New York and CUNY Graduate Center.

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Table of Contents

Maps and Battle Plans
Preface
New to the Third Edition
Translations Used
Timeline
INTRODUCTION
A Bird's-Eye View of Greek History
Sources: How We Know About the Greeks
Retrieving the Past: The Material Record
Retrieving the Past: The Written Record
Periodization
Frogs Around a Pond
City-States
Greek City-States
I. EARLY GREECE AND THE BRONZE AGE
Domestication
Sources for Early Greek History
The Land of Greece
Greece and the Near East in the "Final Neolithic" Period (c. 4000-3000 BC)
Greece in the Early and Middle Bronze Ages (c. 3000-1600 BC)
Minoan Civilization
Greece and the Aegean in the Late Bronze Age (1600-1200 BC)
The Years of Glory (c. 1400-1200 BC)
The End of the Mycenaean Civilization
II. THE "DARK AGE" OF GREECE AND THE EIGHTH-CENTURY "RENAISSANCE" (C. 1200-750/700 BC)
Sources for the Dark Age
Decline and Recovery (c. 1200-900 BC)
The New Society of the Dark Age
Revival (c. 900-750 BC)
Homer and Oral Poetry
Late Dark Age (Homeric) Society
Community, Household, and Economy in the Late Dark Age
The End of the Dark Age (c. 750-700 BC)
III. ARCHAIC GREECE (C. 750/700-480 BC)
Sources for the Seventh and Sixth Centuries
The Formation of the City-State (Polis)
The Ethnos
Government in the Early City-States
The Colonizing Movement
Economic and Social Divisions in the Early Poleis
Hesiod: The View from Below
The Hoplite Army
The Archaic Age Tyrants
Art and Architecture
Lyric Poetry
Philosophy and Science
Panhellenic Institutions
Relations Among States
IV. SPARTA
Sources for Spartan History and Institutions
The Dark Age and the Archaic Period
The Spartan System
Demography and the Spartan Economy
Spartan Government
Sparta and Greece
Historical Change in Sparta
The Spartan Mirage in Western Thought
V. THE GROWTH OF ATHENS AND THE PERSIAN WARS
Sources for Early Athens
Athens from the Bronze Age to the Early Archaic Age
The Reforms of Solon
Pisistratus and His Sons
The Reforms of Cleisthenes
The Rise of Persia
The Wars Between Greece and Persia
The Other War: Carthage and the Greek Cities of Sicily
VI. THE RIVALRIES OF THE GREEK CITY-STATES AND THE GROWTH OF ATHENIAN DEMOCRACY
Sources for the Decades After the Persian Wars
The Aftermath of the Persian Wars and the Foundation of the Delian League
The "First" (Undeclared) Peloponnesian War (460-445 BC)
Pericles and the Growth of Athenian Democracy
Literature and Art
Oikos and Polis
The Greek Economy
VII. GREECE ON THE EVE OF THE PELOPONNESIAN WAR
Sources for Greece on the Eve of the War
Greece After the Thirty Years' Peace
The Breakdown of the Peace
Resources for War
Intellectual Life in Fifth-Century Greece
Historical and Dramatic Literature of the Fifth Century
Currents in Greek Thought and Education
The Physical Space of the Polis: Athens on the Eve of War
VIII. THE PELOPONNESIAN WAR
Sources for Greece During the Peloponnesian War
The Archidamian War (431-421 BC)
The Rise of Comedy
Between Peace and War 340
The Invasion of Sicily (415-413 BC)
The War in the Aegean and the Oligarchic Coup at Athens (413-411 BC)
Fallout from the Long War
The War in Retrospect
IX. THE CRISIS OF THE POLIS AND THE AGE OF SHIFTING HEGEMONIES
Sources for Fourth-Century Greece
Postwar Greece and the Struggle for Hegemony
Law and Democracy in Athens
The Fourth-Century Polis
Philosophy and the Polis
X. PHILIP II AND THE RISE OF MACEDON
Sources for Macedonian History
Early Macedonia
Macedonian Society and Kingship
The Reign of Philip II
Macedonian Domination of Greece
XI. ALEXANDER THE GREAT
Sources for the Reign of Alexander
Consolidating Power
From Issus to Egypt: Conquest of the Eastern Mediterranean (332-331 BC)
From Alexandria to Persepolis: The King of Asia (331-330 BC)
The High Road to India: Alexander in Central Asia
India and the End of the Dream
Return to the West
XII. ALEXANDER'S SUCCESSORS AND THE COSMOPOLIS
A New World
Sources for the Hellenistic Period
The Struggle for the Succession
The Regency of Perdiccas
The Primacy of Antigonus the One-Eyed
Birth Pangs of the New Order (301-276 BC)
The Place of the Polis in the Cosmopolis
The Macedonian Kingdoms
Hellenistic Society
Alexandria and Hellenistic Culture
Social Relations in the Hellenistic World
Epilogue
Glossary
Art and Illustration Credits
Index
Color plates follow pp. XXX and XXX

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