As a more comprehensive examination about great civilizations, books in "The Ancient World" series provide students with substantial resources along with scenic photographs, multiple artifacts, a basic timeline, and archival prints. The Chinese, Romans, and Mayans are covered as well. Historical elements are prominently featured with relevant Incan influences found in modern times, set apart in a "The Past Is Present" section with full page spreads, contrasting visuals, and text. The Incas lived in the Andes highlands of South America in what is now Peru and Bolivia; other territories are present day Columbia, Ecuador, Chile, and Argentina. By making appropriate connections to daily life, readers trace significant details about the Inca Empire such as their belief system, skilled artists, mathematicians, shrewd rulers, great builders, and mighty conquerors. Even as South America today has roots that are older than the Incas, Spanish conquistadores also linked those cultures in lasting ways. Pages in the series have bold key words listed in the margin as a dictionary entry. Engaging chapters range from the Inca's rapid rise to power, sustaining an empire, and then cover territorial aspects, societal living and religious practices. Also included are mini-biographies of famous rulers, a nice glossary, thorough index, and brief bibliography. Reviewer: Susan Treadway, M.Ed.