Ancient Judaism And Christian Origins

Ancient Judaism And Christian Origins

by George W. E. Nickelsburg
     
 

ISBN-10: 0800636120

ISBN-13: 9780800636128

Pub. Date: 09/01/2003

Publisher: Augsburg Fortress, Publishers

In the nineteenth and first half of the twentieth century, Christian scholars portrayed Judaism as the dark religious backdrop to the liberating events of Jesus' life and the rise of the early church. Since the 1950s, however, a dramatic shift has occurred in the study of Judaism, driven by new manuscript and archaeological discoveries and new methods and tools for…  See more details below

Overview

In the nineteenth and first half of the twentieth century, Christian scholars portrayed Judaism as the dark religious backdrop to the liberating events of Jesus' life and the rise of the early church. Since the 1950s, however, a dramatic shift has occurred in the study of Judaism, driven by new manuscript and archaeological discoveries and new methods and tools for analyzing sources. George Nickelsburg here provides a broad and synthesizing picture of the results of the past fifty years of scholarship on early Judaism and Christianity. He organizes his discussion around a number of traditional topics: scripture and tradition, Torah and the righteous life, God's activity on humanity's behalf, agents of God's activity, eschatology, historical circumstances, and social settings. Each of the chapters discusses the findings of contemporary research on early Judaism, and then sketches the implications of this research for a possible reinter-pretation of Christianity. Still, in the author's view, there remains a major Jewish-Christian agenda yet to be developed and implemented.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780800636128
Publisher:
Augsburg Fortress, Publishers
Publication date:
09/01/2003
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
288
Sales rank:
1,021,842
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.60(d)

Table of Contents

Preface
Abbreviations
Introduction1
The Renewed Study of Early Judaism1
Implications for the Study of Christian Origins3
The Task and Scope of This Book6
1Scripture and Tradition9
The Situation in Early Judaism9
Scripture in the Early Church21
Biblical Interpretation in the Early Church24
Jewish Precedents for the Rise and Development of the Jesus Tradition26
2Torah and the Righteous Life29
A Theological Problem for the Church29
Torah in the Hebrew Scriptures31
Torah and the Righteous Life in Early Judaism36
The Development of Halakah and the Rise of Sectarianism44
Torah and Grace in Judaism50
Torah and the Righteous Life in Early Christianity51
Summary58
3God's Activity in Behalf of Humanity61
Models in Jewish Texts61
Two Major Developments62
Salvation from Sin and Its Consequences64
Salvation from One's Enemies69
The Scope of Divine Blessing and Salvation75
God's Interaction with Humanity according to Early Christianity79
Summary87
4Agents of God's Activity89
God's Agents in Early Judaism90
Early Christian Speculation about Jesus108
Summary116
5Eschatology119
The Bible's Developing Eschatological Tendency120
Jewish Writings of the Greco-Roman Period123
The Eschatological Orientation of Early Christianity135
Resurrection, Immortality, and Eternal Life141
The Locus of Final Salvation144
Jewish Responses to the Gospel: A Noneschatological Horizon144
Summary145
6Contexts and Settings147
Ancient Texts as Historical Artifacts147
Responses to Troubled Times149
Geographic Location150
Judaism and Hellenism150
Temple, Cult, and Priesthood153
The Synagogue154
Religious Groups160
Summary181
7Conclusions and Implications185
Diversity within Early Judaism and Early Christianity: A Comparison185
Judaism and Early Christianity: Where They Differed and Why They Parted193
The Consequences of These Events195
Looking to the Future: Some Possibilities197
Notes201
Index of Passages Cited245
Index of Authors259

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