Ancient Laws and Modern Problems: The Balance Between Justice and A Legal System

Ancient Laws and Modern Problems: The Balance Between Justice and A Legal System

by John Sassoon
     
 

John Sassoon’s study of the written laws of four thousand years ago puts paid to the belief that the most ancient laws were merely arbitrary and tyrannical. On the contrary, the earliest legal systems honestly tried to get to the truth, do justice to individuals, and preserve civil order. They used the death penalty surprisingly seldom, and then more because

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Overview

John Sassoon’s study of the written laws of four thousand years ago puts paid to the belief that the most ancient laws were merely arbitrary and tyrannical. On the contrary, the earliest legal systems honestly tried to get to the truth, do justice to individuals, and preserve civil order. They used the death penalty surprisingly seldom, and then more because society had been threatened than an individual killed.
Some of the surviving law codes are originals, others near-contemporary copies. Together they preserve a partial but vivid picture of life in the early cites. This occupies more than half the book.
Comparison of ancient with modern principles occupies the remainder and is bound to be controversial; but it is important as well as fascinating. The first act of writing laws diminished the discretion of the judges and foretold a limit on individual justice. Some political principles such as uniformity of treatment or individual freedom have, when carried to extremes, produced crises in modern legal systems world wide.
But it is tempting but wrong to blame the judges or the lawyers for doing what society require of them.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9781841501239
Publisher:
Intellect, Limited
Publication date:
04/15/2005
Series:
Intellect Books - Computers and the History of Art Ser.
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
240
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.60(d)

Table of Contents

Ch. 1Emergence from prehistory13
Ch. 2The law codes29
Ch. 3The burden of proof40
Ch. 4The concept of property55
Ch. 5The family as property65
Ch. 6Children81
Ch. 7Adoption93
Ch. 8Rape and the family101
Ch. 9Women according to the laws109
Ch. 10Cruelty under the law121
Ch. 11The Hammurabi mystery143
Ch. 12Law in the ancient world168
Ch. 13Ancient laws and modern problems : three problem principles175
Ch. 14Ancient laws and modern problems : justice and other hazards196

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