Ancient Mexico and Central America: Archaeology and Culture History / Edition 1

Ancient Mexico and Central America: Archaeology and Culture History / Edition 1

by Susan Toby Evans
     
 

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ISBN-10: 0500284407

ISBN-13: 9780500284407

Pub. Date: 04/01/2004

Publisher: Norton, W. W. & Company, Inc.

Evans (anthropology, Pennsylvania State U.) presents a chronological "culture history" of Mesoamerica from the earliest human settlements some 20,000 years ago to early colonial New Spain of the 1600s. She combines archaeology and ethnohistory in a largely non-technical introduction to the topic, examining the rise and fall of such cultures as the Olmecs, the Maya,

Overview

Evans (anthropology, Pennsylvania State U.) presents a chronological "culture history" of Mesoamerica from the earliest human settlements some 20,000 years ago to early colonial New Spain of the 1600s. She combines archaeology and ethnohistory in a largely non-technical introduction to the topic, examining the rise and fall of such cultures as the Olmecs, the Maya, and the Aztecs and discussing their various cultural practices and social organizations. Annotation ©2004 Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780500284407
Publisher:
Norton, W. W. & Company, Inc.
Publication date:
04/01/2004
Edition description:
Older Edition
Pages:
608
Product dimensions:
7.40(w) x 8.90(h) x 1.30(d)

Table of Contents

Preface11
Part 1Mesoamerica, Middle America, and Its Peoples15
Chapter 1Ancient Mesoamerica, the Civilization and Its Antecedents17
Ancient Mexico and Central America in Geographical, Cultural, and Global Context19
Middle American and Mesoamerican Culture History31
Chapter 2Ecology and Culture: Mesoamerican Beginnings45
Mesoamerica's Major Geophysical and Biotic Features45
Mesoamericans and Cultural Ecology50
Cultural Regions55
Mesoamerica's First Inhabitants: Hunter-Foragers, to 8000 BC62
Chapter 3Archaic Foragers, Collectors, and Farmers (8000-2000 BC)71
Archaic Transformations: Changes Toward Domestication of Plants, and Settled Life73
From Early Archaic to Middle Archaic and Beyond83
The Middle Archaic, C. 5500-3500 BC, and Late Archaic, C. 3500-2000 BC88
Chapter 4The Initial Formative (C. 2000-1200 BC)99
Cultural Trends of the Formative Period100
Isthmian Region107
Highlands West of the Isthmus116
Part 2Complex Societies of the Formative127
Chapter 5The Olmecs: Early Formative (C. 1200-900/800 BC)129
Early Formative and Initial Olmec129
Early Olmecs and Their Neighbors135
Highland Developments, West of the Isthmus145
Chapter 6The Olmecs: Middle Formative (C. 900-600 BC)159
Developments in the Southwestern Highlands159
Isthmus and East172
Chapter 7Middle to Late Formative Cultures (C. 600/500-300 BC)185
West of the Isthmus: Rise of Monte Alban187
Elsewhere in the Highlands and West Mexico196
Last Years of the Olmecs in the Isthmus and East200
Chapter 8The Emergence of States in the Late Formative (300 BC-AD 1)205
Proto-States in the Highlands West of the Isthmus209
Isthmus and East221
Chapter 9The Terminal Formative (AD 1-300)235
Early Maya Centers236
West of the Isthmus240
Teotihuacan, The Place Where Time Began253
Part 3Cultures of the Early Classic261
Chapter 10Teotihuacan and Its International Influence (AD 250/300-600)263
Teotihuacan: Pyramids and Palaces264
Teotihuacan Presence West of the Isthmus281
Chapter 11The Maya in the Early Classic (AD 250-600)291
Maya Lowlands293
Southeastern Mesoamerica and the Intermediate Area307
Isthmus, Coastal Plain, Chiapas, and Guatemala Highlands311
Part 4Late Classic, Classic Collapse, and Epiclassic315
Chapter 12The Lowland Maya: Apogee and Collapse (AD 600-900)317
Late Classic Maya Culture319
Maya of the Southern Lowlands328
Elsewhere Among the Maya344
Chapter 13The Late Classic and Epiclassic in the West (AD 600-1000/1100)349
The Basin of Mexico and Regions to its North and West356
Gulf Lowlands362
Puebla, Tlaxcala, and Morelos368
Mixtec Regions and Oaxaca373
Chapter 14The Maya in the Terminal Classic and Early Postclassic (AD 800-1200)377
Northwestern Yucatan: The Puuc Region378
Northeastern Yucatan: Coba and Its Region384
Vectors of Change: Chichen Itza and the Putun Maya385
Southern Pacific Coast and Southeastern Mesoamerica396
Chapter 15The Rise of Tula and Other Epiclassic Transformations (AD 900-1200)399
Tula and Toltec Culture400
Tula's Neighboring Regions414
Puebla/Tlaxcala and the Southwestern Highlands416
Part 5The Postclassic and the Rise of the Aztecs423
Chapter 16The Middle Postclassic (1200s-1430)425
East of the Isthmus and the Gulf Lowlands429
West Mexico: The Rise of the Tarascans of Michoacan434
The Basin of Mexico437
Chapter 17The Aztecs: An Empire is Born (1325-1440)447
Basin of Mexico448
Chapter 18The Aztec Empire Develops (1440-1481)469
The Reign of Motecuzoma Ilhuicamina, 1440-1469469
The Reign of Axayacatl, 1469-1481491
Chapter 19The Aztec Empire at its Height (1481-1519)497
Tizoc, 1481-1486497
Ahuitzotl, 1486-1502502
Motecuzoma Xocoyotzin, 1502-1520511
Chapter 20The Conquest of Mexico and its Aftermath525
The Spaniards Collect Allies525
Motecuzoma, Prisoner of Fear532
Early Colonial New Spain540
Reference Maps551
Further Reading and Bibliography573
Sources of Illustrations588
Index590

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