The Ancient Orient

The Ancient Orient

by Wolfram Von Soden, Wolfram Von Soden, Donald G. Schley, Donald J. Schley
     
 

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ISBN-10: 0802801420

ISBN-13: 9780802801425

Pub. Date: 02/01/1994

Publisher: Eerdmans, William B. Publishing Company

This book represents the first comprehensive, interdisciplinary presentation of ancient Near Eastern civilization. Concentrating on Mesopotamia and North Syria and focusing particularly on the cultures of Sumer, Babylonia, and Assyria, von Soden covers the earliest times to Hellenization. His study of ancient "humanity in its wholeness" includes treatments of the

Overview

This book represents the first comprehensive, interdisciplinary presentation of ancient Near Eastern civilization. Concentrating on Mesopotamia and North Syria and focusing particularly on the cultures of Sumer, Babylonia, and Assyria, von Soden covers the earliest times to Hellenization. His study of ancient "humanity in its wholeness" includes treatments of the history of language and systems of writing, the state and society, nutrition and agriculture, artisanry, economics, law, science, religion and magic, art, music, and more. Valuable background work for students of the Bible. Includes 18 black-and-white photographs.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780802801425
Publisher:
Eerdmans, William B. Publishing Company
Publication date:
02/01/1994
Pages:
284
Product dimensions:
0.60(w) x 6.14(h) x 9.21(d)

Related Subjects

Table of Contents

I. The Term "Ancient Orient" and Its Demarcation

II. The Scene

III. Peoples and Cultures in the Ancient Orient

  1. The Ancient Oriental Cultures before 3000: The Sumerians
  2. The Semites in Western Asia
  3. a. Northeast and North Semites
    b. The Northwest Semites: Canaanites and Arameans
    c. South Arabians and North Arabians
  4. Hurrians and Urartians
  5. Peoples and Cultures in Western Iran
  6. a. Elamites, Gutians, and Kassites
    b. Indo-Aryans, Medes, Cimmerians, and Persians
  7. Asia Minor: Proto-Hattians, Luwians, and Hittites
  8. The Coalescence of Peoples

IV.Writing and Systems of Writing

  1. Sumerian Writing and Cuneiform
  2. The Hittite Hieroglyphs (the Luwian Pictograms)
  3. The Phoenician Alphabetic Script and Its Predecessors
  4. a. Scripts of the Early Second Millennium in Syria-Palestine
    b. Phoenician and the Other Semitic Alphabets
  5. Alphabetic Scripts in Cuneiform: Ugaritic and the Old Persian Script

V. The History of Ancient Western Asia: The Historical Sources

  1. Chronology: King Lists, Date Lists, and Eponym Lists
  2. Sources for Political History
  3. The Early Sumerian Period and Early Dynastic Period
  4. The Empire of Akkad and the Neo-Sumerian Period
  5. The Beginnings of Assyria and Its Trade Colonies
  6. The Old Babylonian Period
  7. The Ancient Orient between 1530 and 1000
  8. Western Asia from 1000 to 750 and the Rise of the Assyrian Empire
  9. The Neo-Assyrian Empire: Its Zenith and Decline: Tiglath-Pileser III and the Sargonids
  10. The Neo-Babylonian Chaldean Empire (626-539)
  11. Persians, Macedonians, Greeks, and Parthians in Western Asia

VI. State and Society

  1. The Monarchy
  2. The Divinization of the Monarch
  3. City, State, and Administration
  4. Society and Social Groups
  5. a. Man, Wife, Marriage, Family, and Clan
    b. Free Persons and Slaves
    c. Sedentary and Nonsedentary (Nomads and Seminomads)
    d. The Great Temples: Feudal Tenure and Feudalism
  6. The Army and Warfare

VII. Nutrition and Agriculture

  1. Fishing and Fowling; Hunting
  2. Animal Husbandry
  3. a. Dogs, Cats, and Mongooses
    b. Equids and Camels
    c. Cattle, Sheep, Goats, and Pigs
    d. Poultry
  4. Farming and Gardening
  5. a. Requirements
    b. Methods
    c. Types of Grain: Flax, Sesame, and Peas
    d. Gardens and Groves: Date Palms, Fruit Trees, Vegatables

VIII. Artisanry

  1. The Term; Organization and Instruction; The School
  2. Spinning, Weaving, Sewing, and Embroidery
  3. The Preparation of Hides: Leather
  4. The Use of Reeds: Basketry
  5. Woodwork: Carpentry, Joining, and Furniture Making
  6. Mud and Clay: Bricks, Ceramics, and Miniature Sculpture
  7. Stone for Devices, Monumental and Miniature Sculpture, and Buildings
  8. The Smelting and Refining of Metals

IX. Trade and Commerce

  1. Roads and Highways
  2. Water Routes
  3. Basic Terms of Trade: Buying and Selling, Money
  4. The Organization of Trade: The Merchant
  5. The Merchandise

X. Law

  1. Legal Prescriptions and Law Codes
  2. a. Basic Terminology and General Aspects of Law: Sumerian Laws
    b. The Laws of Eshunna and the Code of Hammurabi: Legal Edicts
    c. Laws in Asia Minor and Assyria
  3. Documents and Other Legal Sources: Legal Praxis
  4. Judges and the Judiciary

XI. Sumerian and Babylonian Science

  1. The Sumerian Science of Lists as a Science of Order
  2. Bilingual Lexical Lists in Ebla Babylonia: Tri- and Quadrilingual Lists in Asia Minor and Syria
  3. Further Functions of Babylonian Word and Name Lists: Inventory Rolls and Compilations of Various Sorts
  4. Lists of Analogous Verbal Expressions
  5. The Babylonian Science of Omens
  6. Theology, Historiography, and Geography
  7. The Beginnings of Natural Sciences
  8. The Scientific Study of Humanity: Medicine and Pharmacology
  9. Mathematics and Astronomy

XII. Religion and Magic

  1. Basic Problems
  2. The Gods of the Sumerians
  3. The Gods of the Babylonians and Assyrians
  4. a. Chief Gods of the Ancient Semitic Peoples: Gods of Northern Babylonia in the Sumerian Period
    b. Babylonian Belief in the Gods: Syncretistic Theology
    c. Belief in the Gods and Political Religion in Assyria
  5. God and Mankind: Sin and Ethics, Theodicy, Life after Death
  6. Cults and Offerings: Priests, Temple Servants, Prophets
  7. a. Overview: Sources
    b. The Cults in the Sumerian Period: The Sacred Marriage
    c. Ceremonial Worship in Babylonia
    d. Ceremonial Worship in Assyria: Substitutive Offerings and the Ceremony of the Substitute King
    e. Priests and Cultic Personnel: Cultic Prophecy
    f. Purification in the Cult and in Magic
  8. Magic, Demons, Evil Powers, Sorcery
  9. Death and Burial

XIII. Literature

  1. Overview: Tablet Series; Prose and Poetry
  2. Royal Inscriptions
  3. Myths and Epics
  4. a. Some General Questions: Historical Epics
    b. Myths of Creation and the Ordering of the World: The Deluge
    c. Clashes and Struggles between Gods
    d. Heroic Sumerian Myths: Enmerkar, Lugalbanda, Gilgamesh
    e. Babylonian Myths of Those Who Searched for Eternal Life: Gilgamesh, Etana, Adapa
    f. Constructed Myths
  5. Wisdom Literature and Humorous Poetry
  6. a. The Literary Term "Wisdom"
    b. Composition and Collections of Sayings
    c. Dialogic Controversies and Animal Fables
    d. Humorous Stories
  7. Hymns, Prayers, Laments, and Incantations
  8. a. Difficulties in Differentiating Genres
    b. Sumerian Hymns of Gods and Kings, Laments, Prayers, and Letters to the Gods
    c. Babylonian Hymns and Prayers
    d. Sumerian and Babylonian Incantations
  9. Scientific Literature

XIV. Building, Art, and Music

  1. Cultic Buildings and Palaces: Form and Decoration
  2. Sculpture and Modeling, Inlaid Work, and Miniature
  3. Music and Musical Instruments

XV. Concluding Observations and Remarks

Selected Bibliography
Index
Map of the Near East up to the Persian Period

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