Ancient Peoples of the Great Basin and Colorado Plateau / Edition 1

Ancient Peoples of the Great Basin and Colorado Plateau / Edition 1

by Steven R Simms, Eric Carlson, Noel Carmack
     
 

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ISBN-10: 1598742965

ISBN-13: 9781598742961

Pub. Date: 05/31/2008

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

Written to appeal to professional archaeologists, students, and the interested public alike, this book is a long overdue introduction to the ancient peoples of the Great Basin and northern Colorado Plateau. Through detailed syntheses, the reader is drawn into the story of the habitation of the Great Basin from the entry of the first Native Americans through the

Overview

Written to appeal to professional archaeologists, students, and the interested public alike, this book is a long overdue introduction to the ancient peoples of the Great Basin and northern Colorado Plateau. Through detailed syntheses, the reader is drawn into the story of the habitation of the Great Basin from the entry of the first Native Americans through the arrival of Europeans. Ancient Peoples is a major contribution to Great Basin archaeology and anthropology, as well as the general study of foraging societies.

About the Author:
Steven R. Simms is Professor of Anthropology at Utah State University

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9781598742961
Publisher:
Taylor & Francis
Publication date:
05/31/2008
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
383
Product dimensions:
6.46(w) x 9.02(h) x 0.79(d)

Table of Contents


Illustrations     7
Preface     11
Prologue     19
The Ancient World of the Basin-Plateau     25
Native Culture before the Horse     27
Technology     29
Mobility and Settlement     32
Subsistence     37
Sidebar: Forager Cuisine     44
Social and Political Organization     46
Ideology     56
From Historic Baseline to the Deep Past: A Spiral of Contexts     60
Ancient Climate and Habitats     65
The Great Basin and the Colorado Plateau     67
The Wasatch Front     69
Just before History     71
Stepping into a Deeper Past     75
Sidebar: How Do We Know about Past Environments and Climate?     78
Sidebar: Dates of the Past and How to Read Them     81
The Little Ice Age: A.D. 1300-1800     84
Warming, Variation, and the Medieval Warm Period A.D. 0-1300     88
Cooling and the Neoglacial Period: 4500-2000 B.P. (A.D. 0)     91
Two Spikes of Warming: 8000-4500 B.P.     94
The Early Holocene and Water in the Desert: 10,000-8000 B.P.     96
The Wild Ride of the Pleistocene-Holocene Transition: 13,000-10,000 B.P.     99
Lake Bonneville and the Pleistocene: 16,000-13,000 B.P.     101
The First Explorers, Colonists, and Settlers     105
Sidebar: Who Were the First Explorers and Colonists?     107
An Ecological Moment and Why Paleoindian Life Was Different     110
Paleoindian-Paleoarchaic Artifacts     112
Paleoindian Places     116
Wetlands, Big Game, and a Dynamic Climate     125
Sidebar: Did Humans Kill Off the Pleistocene Megafauna?     126
Diet, Toolstone, Technology, and Mobility     126
What Can We Say about Paleoindian Life and Society?     133
Transition to Paleoarchaic Life and Society     138
Eons of Foragers     141
A Long Time and Some Big Changes     142
Settlers of the Early Archaic (9000-7000 B.P.)     144
High Desert Foragers of the Middle Archaic (7000-3000 B.P.)     151
Sidebar: The Built Environment     152
Sidebar: Humans and the Pinyon Pine     162
The Late Archaic and a Land Filled with Foragers (3000-1000 B.P.)     167
A Cultural Sea Change: The Shift in Values from Public to Private Goods     177
Farming Comes to Utah     180
The Fremont     185
Fremont Places, Fremont Life, Fremont Place      187
Sidebar: The Big Village at Willard (by Mark E. Stuart)     191
Keys to Fremont Origins     195
Indigenes, Explorers, and Colonists: The Fremont Frontier     199
Sidebar: Farming, Language, and Immigrants     200
Language, Ethnicity, and a Sprinkling of Neolithic Communities     205
The Bow and Arrow, Ceramics, and Maize     209
The Desert and the Sown     212
Big Villages, Inequality, and Hierarchy     217
Family, Lineage, Connections, and Conflict     222
The Late Prehistoric Millennium     229
The End of Fremont Place     231
Foragers to the West, People from the West     235
Languages Old and New     240
The Role of California     244
The Spread of the Numic Languages and the Making of the Numic Cultures     248
Sidebar: The Relationship of Modern Tribes to the Ancients     255
Many into the New: The Late Prehistoric on the Wasatch Front     256
Life after the Fremont     263
Widowed Continent: Disease, Depopulation, and History     266
Epilogue     271
Notes     277
References     329
Index     369
About the Author      383

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