Ancient Wine: The Search for the Origins of Viniculture

Ancient Wine: The Search for the Origins of Viniculture

by Patrick E. McGovern
     
 

'As medicine, social lubricant, mind-altering substance, and highly valued commodity, wine became the focus of religious cults, pharmacopoeias, cuisines, economies, and society.See more details below

Overview

'As medicine, social lubricant, mind-altering substance, and highly valued commodity, wine became the focus of religious cults, pharmacopoeias, cuisines, economies, and society.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780691127842
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
Publication date:
01/02/2007
Edition description:
With a New foreword by Robert G. Mondavi
Pages:
400
Product dimensions:
6.10(w) x 9.10(h) x 1.10(d)

Table of Contents

List of Illustrations xi

Preface xv

1. Stone Age Wine 1

Sifting Fact from Legend 3

Man Meets Grape: The Paleolithic Hypothesis 7

Whence the Domesticated Eurasian Grapevine? 11

When and Where Was Wine First Made? 14

2. The Noah Hypothesis 16

Genetics and Gilgamesh 16

Transcaucasia: The Homeland of Viniculture? 19

Exploring Georgia and Armenia 21

Ancient DNA 25

Casting a Wider Net in Anatolia 29

The Indo-European Homeland 30

"Noah's Flood" 35

Farther Afield 37

3. The Archaeological and Chemical Hunt for the Earliest Wine 40

Godin Tepe 40

Molecular Archaeology Comes of Age 48

Identifying the Godin Tepe Jar Residues by Infrared Spectrometry 51

Archaeological Inference 54

From Grape Juice to Wine to Vinegar 55

Winemaking at the Dawn of Civilization 58

The First Wine Rack? 60

A Symposium in the True Sense of the Word 61

4. Neolithic Wine! 64

A Momentous Innovation 65

Liquid Chromatography: Another Tool of Molecular Archaeology 68

Ancient Retsina: A Beverage and a Medicine 70

A Media Barrage 72

Wild or Domesticated Grapes? 74

More Neolithic Wine Jars from Transcaucasia 74

Creating a Ferment in Neolithic Turkey: A Hypothesis to Be Tested 78

5. Wine of the Earliest Pharaohs 85

A Royal Industry Par Excellence 85

An Amazing Discovery from a Dynasty 0 Royal Tomb 91

Ancient Yeast DNA Discovered 103

6. Wine of Egypt's Golden Age 107

The Hyksos: A Continuing Taste for Levantine Wines 107

Festival Wine at the Height of the New Kingdom 120

Wine as the Ultimate Religious Expression 134

Wines of the Heretic King, Akhenaten, and of Tutankhamun 137

The Vineyard of Egypt under the Ramessides 141

7. Wine of the World's First Cities 148

A Beer-Drinking Culture Only? 149

Banqueting the Mesopotamian Way 158

Wine, Too, Was Drunk in the Lowland Cities 160

Transplanting the Grapevine to Shiraz 164

8. Wine and the Great Empires of the Ancient Near East 167

Wine Down the Tigris and Euphrates 168

Wines of Anatolia and the Lost Hittite Empire 174

Assyrian Expansionism: Cupbearers, Cauldrons, and Drinking Horns 188

The Fine Wines of Aram and Phoenicia 201

Eastward to Persia and China 206

9. The Holy Land's Bounty 210

Winepresses in the Hills, and Towers and Vineyards in the Wadi Floors 212

The Success of the Experiment 217

Serving the Needs of a Cosmopolitan Society 220

Wine for the Kings and the Masses 225

Dark Reds and Powerful Browns 233

Wine: A Heritage of the Judeo-Christian Tradition 236

10. Lands of Dionysos: Greece and Western Anatolia 239

Drinking the God 240

A Minoan Connection? The Earliest Greek Retsina 247

Wine Mellowed with Oak 259

"Greek Grog": A Revolution in Beverage Making 262

Wine and "Greek Grog" during the Heroic Age 268

11. A Beverage for King Midas and at the Limits of the Civilized World 279

King Midas and "Phrygian Grog" 279

Re-creating an Ancient Anatolian Beverage and Feast 293

To the Hyperborean Regions of the North: "European Grog" 296

12. Molecular Archaeology, Wine, and a View to the Future 299

Where It All Began 299

Consumed by Wine 302

Why Alcohol and Why Wine? 305

The Lowly Yeast to the Forefront 307

Mixing Things Up 308

Wine, the Perfect Metaphor 312

Selected Bibliography 317

Illustration Credits and Object Dimensions 329

Index 335

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