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Andrew Jackson Andrew Jackson and the Politics of Martial Law: Nationalism, Civil Liberties, and Partisanship / Edition 2

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Overview

“Lucid and well-researched.” —The New Yorker

In order to win the famous battle of New Orleans, Andrew Jackson believed that it was necessary to declare martial law and suspend the writ of habeas corpus. In doing so, he achieved both a great victory and the notoriety of being the first American general to ever suspend civil liberties in America.

Andrew Jackson and the Politics of Martial Law tells the history of Jackson’s use of martial law and how the controversy surrounding it followed him throughout his life. The work engages the age-old controversy over if, when, and who should be able to subvert the Constitution during times of national emergency. It also engages the continuing historical controversy over Jackson’s political prowess and the importance of the rise of party politics during the early republic. As such, the book contributes to both the scholarship on Jackson and the legal and constitutional history of the intersection between the military and civilian spheres.

To fully understand the history of martial law and the subsequent evolution of a theory of emergency powers, Matthew Warshauer asserts, one must also understand the political history surrounding the discussion of civil liberties and how Jackson’s stature as a political figure and his expertise as a politician influenced such debates. Warshauer further explains that Abraham Lincoln cited Jackson’s use of the military and suspension of civil liberties as justification for similar decisions during the Civil War. During both Jackson’s and Lincoln’s use of martial law, critics declared that such an action stood in opposition to both the Constitution and the nation’s cherished republican principles of protecting liberty from dangerous power, especially that of the military. Supporters of martial law insisted that saving the nation became the preeminent cause when the republic was endangered. At the heart of such arguments lurked the partisan maneuvering of opposing political parties.

Andrew Jackson and the Politics of Martial Law is a powerful examination of the history of martial law, its first use in the United States, and the consequent development of emergency powers for both military commanders and presidents.

Matthew Warshauer is associate professor of history at Central Connecticut State University. He is the author of the forthcoming Andrew Jackson: First Men, America’s Presidents. His articles have appeared in Tennessee Historical Quarterly, Connecticut History, Louisiana History, and New York History.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781572336247
  • Publisher: University of Tennessee Press
  • Publication date: 8/15/2007
  • Edition description: 2
  • Edition number: 2
  • Pages: 328
  • Sales rank: 1,216,557
  • Product dimensions: 5.80 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 0.70 (d)

Meet the Author


Matthew Warshauer is associate professor of history at Central Connecticut State University. He is the author of the forthcoming Andrew Jackson: First Men, America’s Presidents. His articles have appeared in Tennessee Historical Quarterly, Connecticut History, Louisiana History, and New York History.
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Table of Contents

Acknowledgments ix

Introduction 1

Chapter 1 New Orleans under Martial Law 19

Chapter 2 Jackson as a Military Chieftain: The Presidential Elections of 1824 and 1828 47

Chapter 3 The Congressional Refund Bill: A Partisan Battle 77

Chapter 4 Liberty, Power, and Partisanship: The Debate over Republicanism in the 1840s 113

Chapter 5 Jackson versus the Judiciary: The Dispute over Contempt of Court 153

Chapter 6 The Evolution of Martial Law 177

Chapter 7 Andrew Jackson and Martial Law during the Civil War 197

Conclusion 237

Notes 241

Index 299

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