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Anesthesiology Review

Anesthesiology Review

by Ronald J. Faust

ISBN-10: 0443087938

ISBN-13: 9780443087936

Pub. Date: 06/19/1991

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

This is the New Edition of the world's best-selling review book on anesthesiology, combining comprehensive coverage of essential knowledge with an easy-to-use format. Its in-depth, yet succinct discussions cover all topic areas found on the ABA/ASA exam and make it the ideal way for readers to master the information they need to know.


This is the New Edition of the world's best-selling review book on anesthesiology, combining comprehensive coverage of essential knowledge with an easy-to-use format. Its in-depth, yet succinct discussions cover all topic areas found on the ABA/ASA exam and make it the ideal way for readers to master the information they need to know.

Product Details

Elsevier Health Sciences
Publication date:
Product dimensions:
11.42(w) x 1.18(h) x (d)

Table of Contents

Physiologic Sciences
1Pulmonary Function Test Interpretation3
2Factors Affecting Pulmonary Compliance and Airway Resistance6
3Effect of Surfactant on Lung Mechanics8
4Factors Affecting Pulmonary Ventilation and Perfusion9
5Clinical Implications of the Alveolar Gas Equation12
6Measurement and Implications of Qs/Qt14
7Oxygen Transport16
8Carbon Dioxide Dissociation Curve18
9Interpretation of Arterial Blood Gases20
10Blood Gas Temperature Correction22
11Central Regulation of Ventilation24
12Physiologic Effects of Hyper- and Hypocarbia26
16Electrolyte Abnormalities: Magnesium37
17Cardiac Cycle: Control and Synchronicity39
18Physiologic Determinants of Cardiac Output41
19Myocardial Oxygen Supply and Demand44
20Monitoring Mixed Venous Oxygen Saturation47
21Pulmonary Hypertension48
23Supraventricular Tachyarrhythmias52
24Ventricular Tachyarrhythmias55
25Factors Affecting Cerebral Blood Flow and Its Autoregulation57
26Anesthetic Agents and the Electroencephalogram60
27Somatosensory Evoked Potential Monitoring64
28Physiology of Neuromuscular Transmission67
29Endocrine Factors Affecting Neuromuscular Block69
30The Sympathetic Nervous System: Anatomy and Receptor Pharmacology71
31The Parasympathetic Nervous System: Anatomy and Receptor Pharmacology75
32Mechanisms of Hepatic Drug Metabolism and Excretion78
33Hepatic Physiology and Preoperative Evaluation80
34Renal Physiology83
35Renal Function Tests85
36Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease and Restrictive Lung Disease87
37Preparation for Anesthesia: Tobacco and Caffeine Withdrawal89
38Thermoregulation and Perioperative Hypothermia91
39Molecular and Cellular Mechanisms of Anesthesia93
40Cardiovascular Effects of the Inhalation Agents96
41Central Nervous System Effects of the Inhalation Agents99
42Renal Effects of the Inhalation Agents103
43Hepatic Effects of the Inhalation Agents105
44Nitrous Oxide107
45Factors Affecting Anesthetic Gas Uptake110
46Minimum Alveolar Concentration112
47Effect of Intracardiac Shunts on Inhalation Induction115
48Concentration Effect and Second Gas Effect117
52Opioid Pharmacology126
53Cardiovascular Effects of Narcotics128
54Perioperative Narcotic Problems: Muscle Rigidity and Biliary Colic130
55Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs132
56Succinylcholine Side Effects134
57Prolongation of Succinylcholine Effect137
58Nondepolarizing Muscle Relaxants139
59Nonrelaxant Side Effects of Nondepolarizing Muscle Relaxants142
60Neostigmine, Pyridostigmine, and Edrophonium145
61Atropine, Scopolamine, and Glycopyrrolate Pharmacology147
62Sodium Bicarbonate149
63Vasopressors and Inotropes151
65Sodium Nitroprusside156
66Deliberate Hypotension158
67Calcium Channel Blockers161
68Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors and Anesthesia163
70Antiemetic Agents167
71Anti-Aspiration Drugs169
74Effect of pKa, pH, and Protein Binding176
75Anaphylactic and Anaphylactoid Reactions178
Physical Sciences
76Coronary Circulation and the Myocardial Conduction System182
77Cerebral Circulation185
78Anatomy of the Posterior Fossa189
79Spinal Cord Anatomy and Blood Supply191
80The Autonomic Nervous System194
81Central Venous Cannulation: Anatomy and Complications196
82Anatomy of the Larynx199
83Brachial Plexus Anatomy202
84Transesophageal Echocardiography: Anatomical Considerations204
85Transesophageal Echocardiography: Intraoperative Uses208
86Medical Gas Cylinders: Physics, Handling Safety, Pin Indexing210
87Flowmeters: Physics of Gas Flow213
89Closed-Circuit Anesthesia218
90Carbon Dioxide Absorption220
91Causes of Carbon Dioxide Retention in Anesthetic Breathing Systems222
93Disconnect Monitors227
94Pulse Oximetry229
95Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy232
96Direct Arterial Pressure Monitoring235
97Pitfalls of Pulmonary Artery Pressure Monitoring238
98Effect of Cardiac Function on Central Venous Pressure240
99Factors Affecting Thermodilution Cardiac Output242
100Hemodynamic Monitoring for Patients with COPD244
101Line Isolation Monitors: Leakage Currents247
102Microshock Hazards249
103Laser Combustion250
104Physics And Physiology of Neuromuscular Monitoring252
Clinical Sciences
105Preemptive Analgesia and Perioperative Pain Control257
106Patient-Controlled Analgesia260
107Epidural Steroid Injection262
108Pain Therapy for Patients with Cancer264
109Neuraxial Opioids267
110Celiac Plexus Block269
111Lumbar Sympathetic Block272
112Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy275
113Postherpetic Neuralgia277
114Stellate Ganglion Block279
115Postoperative Headache281
116Local Anesthetics: Mechanisms of Action283
117Local Anesthetic Pharmacology285
118Toxicity of Local Anesthetics288
119Local Anesthetic Preservatives291
120Cocaine Pharmacology293
121Spinal Anesthesia295
122Epidural Anesthesia298
123Combined Spinal-Epidural Blockade301
124Neuraxial Anesthesia and Anticoagulation303
125Upper Extremity Blocks307
126Lower Extremity Blocks311
127Lower Extremity Block: Psoas Compartment Block316
128Nerve Block at the Ankle319
129Retrobulbar Blocks321
130Regional Anesthesia and Pain Relief in Children324
131Bronchopleural Fistula327
132Pneumo-, Hemo-, and Chylothorax328
133Double-Lumen Endotracheal Tubes330
134One-Lung Ventilation and Methods of Improving Oxygenation333
135High-Frequency Ventilation335
136Preoperative Evaluation of the Patient with Cardiac Disease337
138Automatic Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillator343
139Detection and Treatment of Perioperative Acute Coronary Syndromes346
140Anticoagulation and Reversal for Cardiopulmonary Bypass349
141Evaluation of the Coagulation System350
142Causes of Intraoperative Bradycardia353
143Aortic Stenosis355
144Heart Failure: Classification, Compensation, and Therapy357
145Neonatal Cardiovascular Physiology359
146Congenital Heart Disease: Congestive Heart Failure362
147Anesthesia for Patent Ductus Arteriosus and Other Neonatal Cardiovascular Problems364
148Cardiopulmonary Bypass367
149Anesthesia for Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting Procedures369
150Off-Pump Coronary Artery Bypass and Minimally Invasive Direct Coronary Artery Bypass371
151Intra-Aortic Balloon Pump374
152Increased Intracranial Pressure376
153Anesthesia for Hypophysectomy379
154Carotid Endarterectomy381
155Cerebral Aneurysm Surgery383
156Cerebral Protection385
157Anesthesia for the Sitting Position387
158Physiology and Treatment of Venous Air Embolism389
159Management of Acute Spinal Cord Injury392
160Autonomic Hyperreflexia394
161Prematurity: Anesthetic Risks396
162The Infant Airway Versus the Adult Airway399
163Congenital Pediatric Airway Problems401
164Effects of High Maternal Oxygen Concentrations on the Fetus403
165Fluid Management in Infants405
166Meconium Aspiration407
167Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia409
168Other Neonatal Emergencies: Tracheoesophageal Fistula, Omphalocele411
169Pediatric Neuromuscular Disorders413
170Pyloric Stenosis415
171VATER Association and Trisomy-21417
172Croup Versus Epiglottitis419
173Neuromuscular Blockers in Neonates421
174Pediatric Breathing Circuits423
175Maternal Physiologic Changes in Pregnancy426
176Nonobstetric Surgery During Pregnancy428
177Anesthesia for the Patient with Preeclampsia430
178Maternal Diabetes: Neonatal Effects432
179The Pregnant Patient with Cardiac Disease434
180Drugs Affecting the Uterus: Tocolytics and Oxytocics436
181Analgesia for Labor438
182Fetal Monitoring441
183Analgesia for Cesarean Section444
184Neonatal Resuscitation446
185Peripartum Hemorrhage449
186Type, Screen, and Crossmatch and Emergency Blood Group Switching451
187Red Blood Cell Transfusion453
188Massive Transfusion456
189Infectious Transfusion Risks458
190Occupational Transmission of Blood-Borne Pathogens460
192Indications and Risks of Platelet Transfusion465
193Albumin, Hetastarch, and Pentastarch467
194Nonhemolytic Transfusion Reactions470
195Hemolytic Transfusion Reactions472
196Sickle Cell Anemia: Anesthetic Implications474
197Issues in Ambulatory Anesthesia477
199Management of the Difficult Airway482
200Carbon Monoxide Poisoning485
201Anticholinesterase and Anticholinergic Poisoning486
202Malignant Hyperthermia488
203Myasthenia Gravis and Lambert-Eaton Myasthenic Syndrome490
204Anesthesia for Myotonic Dystrophy493
205Anesthesia for Patients with Epilepsy495
206Morbid Obesity and Anesthesia498
207Anesthetic Implications of Thyrotoxicosis and Thyroid Storm501
208Anesthesia for Patients with Chronic Renal Failure504
209Anesthesia for Patients with Carcinoid Tumors506
210Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy508
211Anesthesia for Laryngeal Surgery510
212Anesthesia for Bronchoscopy513
213Anesthesia for Patients with Diabetes Mellitus517
214Hyperosmolar Coma519
215Anesthesia for Patients with Hepatocellular Disease521
216Acute and Chronic Alcoholism and Anesthesia523
217Anesthesia for Liver Transplantation525
218Anesthesia for Tubal Ligation527
219Complications of Transurethral Resection of the Prostate529
220Anesthesia for Electroconvulsive Therapy531
221Anesthesia for MRI533
222Strabismus Surgery535
223Oculocardiac Reflex536
224Anesthesia for Drug Abusers537
225Chemical Dependency in Anesthesia Personnel539
226Medical Ethics541
227Awareness Under Anesthesia543
228Eye Complications545
229Complications of Endotracheal Intubation547
230Pulmonary Embolism: Etiology, Diagnosis, and Treatment549
231Intraoperative Wheezing: Etiology and Treatment551
232Evaluation of Prolonged Postoperative Arousal553
233Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting556
234Latex Allergy559
235Medical Legal Principles: Medical Negligence562
236Perioperative Pulmonary Aspiration564
237Perioperative Neuropathies in the Upper Extremities566
238Perioperative Neuropathies in the Lower Extremities569

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