The Animal Question: Why Nonhuman Animals Deserve Human Rights / Edition 1

The Animal Question: Why Nonhuman Animals Deserve Human Rights / Edition 1

by Paola Cavalieri
     
 

ISBN-10: 0195173651

ISBN-13: 9780195173659

Pub. Date: 01/15/2004

Publisher: Oxford University Press

How much do animals matter—morally? Can we keep considering them as second class beings, to be used merely for our benefit? Or, should we offer them some form of moral egalitarianism? Inserting itself into the passionate debate over animal rights, this fascinating, provocative work by renowned scholar Paola Cavalieri advances a radical proposal: that we

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Overview

How much do animals matter—morally? Can we keep considering them as second class beings, to be used merely for our benefit? Or, should we offer them some form of moral egalitarianism? Inserting itself into the passionate debate over animal rights, this fascinating, provocative work by renowned scholar Paola Cavalieri advances a radical proposal: that we extend basic human rights to the nonhuman animals we currently treat as "things."

Cavalieri first goes back in time, tracing the roots of the debate from the 1970s, then explores not only the ethical but also the scientific viewpoints, examining the debate's precedents in mainstream Western philosophy. She considers the main proposals of reform that recently have been advanced within the framework of today's prevailing ethical perspectives. Are these proposals satisfying? Cavalieri says no, claiming that it is necessary to go beyond the traditional opposition between utilitarianism and Kantianism and focus on the question of fundamental moral protection. In the case of human beings, such protection is granted within the widely shared moral doctrine of universal human rights' theory. Cavalieri argues that if we examine closely this theory, we will discover that its very logic extends to nonhuman animals as beings who are owed basic moral and legal rights and that, as a result, human rights are not human after all.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780195173659
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Publication date:
01/15/2004
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
192
Product dimensions:
5.50(w) x 8.40(h) x 0.40(d)

Table of Contents

1The Cultural Premises3
A Problem for Political Philosophy: How to Establish Human Equality4
Bioethical Dilemmas: Who Is Human?7
After Behaviorism, or How Animal Minds Started to Exist Again12
2The Problem of Moral Status23
Moral Agents and Moral Patients28
In Search of the Criteria31
Inclusion in the Moral Community32
3The Traditional Accounts41
Absolute Dismissal, or Descartes and God's Clocks41
The Superiority of Rational Nature: How Kant Created Humanism47
Ethics Makes a Turn: Utilitarianism59
After the Inclusion67
4Speciesism69
Traditional Speciesism: Attributing Weight to Biological Characteristics71
The Correspondents Approach: Species as a Mark of the Morally Relevant Characteristics73
An Attempt to Grant Paradigmatic Status to Nonparadigmatic Humans76
Retreat: Comparable Status, Different Treatment79
5Welfare and the Value of Life87
Welfare88
When Killing Is Wrong101
The Value of Life: Qualitative Theories105
The Value of Life: Quantitative Theories109
Internal Perspectives on Prudential Value113
An Open Problem116
The Notion of Person as an Alternative Solution?117
6A Minimal Normative Proposal125
Human Rights: Sphere of Reference125
Human Rights: Essential Characteristics128
Human Rights: Justification131
For an Expanded Theory of Human Rights137
Notes145
Bibliography165
Index175

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