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Children's LiteratureThis part of the "Open for Debate" series starts with the history and purpose of animal testing. A discussion of the types of animals used in testing introduces the scientific aspects of the debate and includes cloning, surrogates, and transgenic animals. Three chapters outline different types of animal testing: product safety testing, biomedical research, and use in education (such as dissection and even classroom pets!). Judson explains the difference between animal welfare organizations and animal rights organizations. Then she frankly discusses animal rights activists including such groups as Animal Liberation Front (ALF) and People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA), especially their links to civil disobedience. She also includes detailed accounts of negative impacts of activism on specific laboratories and research facilities. The last three chapters focus on the debate, alternatives, and the future of animal testing. Bullet points and bold text emphasize important issues. Colored asides present reference information about U.S. laws; charts and data summations; information about communication in primates; and a brief account of the Tuskegee Experiment. Back matter provides primary resources for readers looking for more about the subject. Judson presents a balanced perspective to both sides of the animal testing debate using quotes from diverse sources, by discussing laws and regulation, and by giving ideas for making informed choices. Readers are both given information and challenged to draw their own conclusions. 2006, Benchmark/Marshall Cavendish, Ages 12 up.
—L. F. Wade