Anthology of American Literature, Volume I / Edition 10

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Overview

Pick a Penguin Program*

We offer select Penguin Putnam titles at a substantial discount to your students when you request a special package of one or more Penguin titles with this text. Among the many American Literature titles available from Penguin Putnam are:

· Stephen Crane, The Red Badge of Courage

· Frederick Douglass, Narrative of Frederick Douglass

· Nathaniel Hawthorne, The Scarlet Letter

· James Fennimore Cooper, The Last of the Mohicans

· Washington Irving,The Legend of Sleepy Hollow and Other Stories

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780205779390
  • Publisher: Longman
  • Publication date: 7/12/2010
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 10
  • Pages: 2256
  • Sales rank: 89,423
  • Product dimensions: 6.40 (w) x 9.20 (h) x 2.00 (d)

Meet the Author

JAMES S. LEONARD received his Ph.D. from Brown University, and is Professor of English (and former English Department chair) at The Citadel. He is the editor of Making Mark Twain Work in the Classroom (Duke University Press, 1999), coeditor of Authority and Textuality: Current Views of Collaborative Writing (Locust Hill Press, 1994) and Satire or Evasion? Black Perspectives on Huckleberry Finn (Duke University Press, 1992), and coauthor of The Fluent Mundo: Wallace Stevens and the Structure of Reality

(University of Georgia Press, 1988). He has served as president of the Mark Twain Circle

of America (2010–2012), managing editor of The Mark Twain Annual (since 2004), and editor of the Mark Twain Circular (1987–2008), and is a major contributor to The Greenwood Encyclopedia of Poets and Poetry (Greenwood Press, 2006) and American History Through Literature (Charles Scribner’s Sons, 2005).

SHELLEY FISHER FISHKIN is Professor of English and Director of American Studies at Stanford University. She is the author, editor, or coeditor of over forty books, including the award-winning Was Huck Black? Mark Twain and African American Voices (1993), From Fact to Fiction: Journalism and Imaginative Writing in America (1988), and Feminist Engagements: Forays into American Literature and Culture (2009), as well as Lighting Out for the Territory (1997), The Oxford Mark Twain (1996), The Historical

Guide to Mark Twain (2002), Mark Twain‘s Book of Animals (2009), The Mark Twain Anthology:Great Writers on his Life and Work (2010), Is He Dead? A Comedy in Three Acts by Mark Twain (2003), People of the Book: Thirty Scholars Reflect on Their Jewish Identity (with Jeffrey Rubin-Dorsky) (1996), Listening to Silences: New Essays in Feminist Criticism (with Elaine Hedges)(1994), and Sport of the Gods and Other Essential Writings by Paul Laurence Dunbar (with David Bradley) (2005). She has also published more than eighty articles, essays, or reviews in publications including American Quarterly, American Literature, Journal of American History, American Literary History, and the New York Times Book Review, and has lectured on American literature in Belgium, Canada, Chile, China, France, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Korea,

Mexico, the Netherlands, Portugal, Russia, Taiwan, Turkey, the United Kingdom,

and throughout the United States. A member of the first class of women to graduate from Yale College, she stayed on at Yale to earn her M.A. in English and her Ph.D. in American Studies. Before her arrival at Stanford, she directed the Poynter Fellowship

in Journalism at Yale and taught American Studies and English at the University

of Texas at Austin, where she chaired the American Studies Department. She co-founded the Charlotte Perkins Gilman Society and is a past president of the Mark Twain Circle of America and the American Studies Association.

DAVID BRADLEY earned a BA in Creative Writing at the University of Pennsylvania in 1972 and a MA in United States Studies at the University of London in 1974. A Professor of English at Temple University from 1976 to 1997, Bradley has been a visiting professor at the San Diego State University, the University of California—San Diego, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Colgate University, the College of William &

Mary, the City College of the City University of New York and the Michener Center for Writers at the University of Texas, Austin. He is currently an Associate Professor of Fiction in the Creative Writing Program at the University of Oregon. Bradley has read and lectured extensively in the United States and also in Japan, Korea, Pakistan, the United Kingdom, South Africa and Australia. He is the author of two novels, South Street (1975) and The Chaneysville Incident (1981) which was awarded the 1982 PEN/Faulkner Award and an Academy Award from the American Academy and Institute of Arts and Letters. His non-fiction has appeared in Esquire, Redbook, The New York Times, The Los Angeles Times and The New Yorker. A recipient of fellowships from the John Simon

Guggenheim Foundation and the National Endowment for the Arts His most recent publication is semi-scholarly: The Essential Writings of Paul Laurence Dunbar, which he co-edited with Shelley Fisher Fishkin. His current works in progress include a creative non-fiction book, The Bondage Hypothesis: Meditations on Race, History and America, a novel-in-stories, Raystown, and an essay collection: Lunch Bucket Pieces: New and Selected Creative Nonfiction

DANA D. NELSON received her Ph.D. from Michigan State, and she is the Gertrude Conaway Vanderbilt Professor of English and American Studies at Vanderbilt University. She is the author of The Word in Black and White: Reading “Race” in American Literature, 1638–1867 (1992), National Manhood: Capitalist Citizenship and the Imagined Fraternity of White Men (1998), and Bad for Democracy: How the Presidency Undermines the Power of the People (2008) as well as editor of several reprint editions of nineteenth-century American female writers (including Rebecca Rush, Lydia Maria Child, Fanny Kemble, and Frances Butler Leigh). Her teaching interests include comparative American colonial literatures, developing democracy in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, ethnic and minority literatures, women’s literature, and frontier representations in literature. She has served or is serving on numerous editorial boards, including American Literature, Early American Literature, American Literary History, Arizona Quarterly, and American Quarterly. She is an active member of the Modern Language Association and the American Studies Association. She is currently working on a book that studies developing practices and representations of democracy in the late British colonies and the early United States.

JOSEPH CSICSILA is Professor of English Language and Literature at Eastern Michigan University and a specialist in nineteenth- and early twentieth-century American literature and culture. He is the author and/or editor of five books including Canons by Consensus:

Critical Trends and American Literature Anthologies (2004), which is the first systematic study of American literature textbooks used by college instructors in the past century, Centenary Reflections on Mark Twain’s No. 44, The Mysterious Stranger (2009), and Heretical Fictions: Religion in the Literature of Mark Twain (2010). He has also published numerous articles on such authors as Mary Wilkins Freeman, Sarah Orne Jewett, and William Faulkner. Csicsila has served as the editor of Journal of Narrative Theory and is currently book review editor for The Mark Twain Annual.

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Read an Excerpt

Preface For more than three decades, students and instructors have relied on the McMichael-Leonard Anthology of American Literature as a reliable source of literary texts, annotations, and contextual information. The McMichael-Leonard anthology has secured its reputation with a solid core of writers and works and has enhanced that reputation with quality ancillaries, including the Pick-a-Penguin Program, American Literature Database, and text-specific MyLiteratureKitTM. Because it allows such flexibility in meeting individual course needs, Anthology of American Literature is a complete American Literature resource. In preparing this tenth edition, the editors have continued to follow the principles of selection that have made the previous editions so successful: selected works primarily for their literary significance. represented authors by offering extensive samplings of their works. included, where possible, long works in their entirety. provided clear, concise, and informative introductions and headnotes that are appropriate for student readers. explained unfamiliar terms and allusions through in-text references and footnotes. presented author bibliographies that are selective and current. Authors and works in the anthology follow a generally chronological order. In deciding on a standard text from among the various editions available for selections, we have chosen, whenever possible, that edition most respected by modern scholars. The text reprinted is identified at the end of the headnote for each author. Spelling and punctuation are, in some instances, regularized and modernized to correct obvious errors and to suit the reader¿s convenience. An editorial excision of less than one paragraph is indicated by an ellipsis (. . .); excisions of a paragraph or more are indicated by a centered ellipsis: . . . New to the Tenth Edition Building on the anthology¿s solid foundation, we were in this edition able to make important enhancements to content and format: We have updated and revised period introductions and headnotes. We have included new headnotes and selections for the following authors: Ebenezer Cooke, Sarah Kemble Knight, Royall Tyler, Augustus Baldwin Longstreet, and E. D. E. N. Southworth. We have added new works or expanded existing ones by Roger Williams, Edward Taylor, Cotton Mather, Samuel Sewall, Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Jefferson, William Apess, Edgar Allan Poe, Nathaniel Hawthorne, Herman Melville, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, Frances E. W. Harper, and Walt Whitman. We have added new ¿Reading the Historical Context¿ selections by ¿lvar N¿¿ez Cabeza De Vaca, Benjamin Banneker, Thomas Jefferson, and Stephen A. Douglas. We have supplemented the ¿Reading the Critical Context¿ section already included for The Literature of the Early- to Mid-Nineteenth Century by creating equivalent sections for both The Literature of Early America and The Literature of the Eighteenth Century. We have added new ¿Critical Context¿ selections by John Dryden, Alexander Pope, and Benjamin Franklin. We have restored the 1881 version of Walt Whitman¿s Song of Myself, as the version most suitable for classroom use. We have continued the anthology¿s revamping of the treatment of Native American authors, moving away from the ¿myths and legends¿ motif and toward an emphasis on specifically identifiable speakers and authors firmly anchored in the historical context¿including the addition of works by William Apess and Tecumseh. In addition, we have restored Din¿ahane': The Navajo Creation Story to The Literature of Early America. We have for the first time included visual images related to specific literary works and to the general historical and literary contexts of the various periods. Anthology of American Literature also offers design features that make it more accessible to students. The typeface for the headnotes and the literary selections is easy to read. Updated chronological charts offer students at-a-glance information about authors¿ lives and works, as well as key historical, political, technological, and cultural contexts. A Complete American Literature Resource How does the McMichael-Leonard Anthology of American Literature offer more of what students and instructors want for their American Literature courses? Pick-a-Penguin Program Pearson is proud to announce an agreement with Penguin Putnam that allows us to package¿at substantial discounts¿the most popular American Literature trade paperbacks with the McMichael-Leonard Anthology of American Literature. Ask your Pearson sales representative for details and for a listing of available American Literature titles. American Literature Database Now instructors can customize course material with the Pearson Custom Library of American Literature. A database featuring more than 1,700 literary works, the Pearson Custom Library of American Literature gives instructors the flexibility to choose other selections they might want to use along with the McMichael-Leonard anthology. For details, visit < http://www.pearsoncustom.com/custom-library/the-pearson-custom-library-of-american-literature >, or contact your Pearson sales representative. American Literature Online MyLiteratureKit is a dynamic online learning system that enhances American Literature Survey courses.¿ It offers a wealth of resources such as practice quizzes with grade tracker and open-ended discussion questions, a gradebook that tracks results, interactive timelines, maps, an online library of key works, visually-rich PowerPoints with outlines of each period accompanied by maps and images, an instructor's manual written by our anthology editors, and more.¿¿MyLiteratureKit offers everything you need to save time and to engage students.¿Please visit www.myliteraturekit.com for more information. Acknowledgments We would like to thank the countless instructors and students, as well as the editorial and production teams, who have contributed their time and ideas to Anthology of American Literature. For the tenth edition, our thanks are particularly extended to research assistants James Wharton Leonard (Wake Forest University) and Roger Howard (The Citadel), and to Christine E. Wharton, David Allen, James Hutchisson, Licia Calloway, and Lauren Rule of The Citadel. We would like to thank the following reviewers for their invaluable feedback: Dr. Betsy Berry University of Texas at Austin; Jesse R. Bishop, Georgia Highlands College; Allan Chavkin, Texas State University at San Marcos; Dr. Lesley Ginsberg, University of Colorado at Colorado Springs; Dr. Heidi M. Hanrahan, Shepherd University; Beverly A. Hume, Indiana University-Purdue University; Lea Masiello, Indiana University of Pennsylvania; Garry Partridge, San Antonio College; Steven Reynolds, College of the Siskiyous; Dr. Sarah Stephens, University of Texas at Arlington; John C. Sutton, Francis Marion University. We would also like to express our gratitude to the Pearson publishing team: Vivian Garcia, Heather Vomero, Joseph Terry, Denise Philip, Cheryl Besenjak, Carrie Fox, and Ann Bailey. THE EDITORS

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Table of Contents

Preface xxiii

About the Editors xxvi

The Literature of Early America 1

Reading the Historical Context 14

C HRISTOPHER C OLUMBUS (1451—1506) 14

Columbus’s Letter Describing His First Voyage 15

T HOMAS H ARIOT (1560—1621) 19

FROM A Brief and True Report of the Newfound Land of Virginia 19

Á LVAR N ÚÑEZ C ABEZA DE V ACA ( C . 1490— C . 1557) 24

FROM The Journey of Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca 25

J OHN W INTHROP (1588—1649) AND A NNE H UTCHINSON (1591—1643) 29

FROM The Examination of Mrs. Anne Hutchinson at the

Court at Newton 29

I ROQUOIS L EAGUE 33

FROM The Constitution of the Five Nations 33

Reading the Critical Context 36

J OHN D RYDEN (1631—1700) 36

FROM Preface to Troilus and Cressida 37

A LEXANDER P OPE (1688—1744) 38

FROM An Essay on Criticism 39

Literature of Early America 41

C APTAIN J OHN S MITH (1580—1631) 41

FROM The General History of Virginia 43

The Third Book 43

Powhatan’s Discourse of Peace and War 54

FROM A Description of New England 55

D INÉ BAHANE ’ 64

FROM Diné bahane’: The Navajo Creation Story 65

W ILLIAM B RADFORD (1590—1657) 80

FROM History of Plymouth Plantation 81

FROM Chapter 1 81

FROM Chapter 3 83

FROM Chapter 4 84

FROM Chapter 7 86

FROM Chapter 9 87

FROM Chapter 10 90

FROM Book 2 92

FROM Chapter 36 103

T HOMAS M ORTON ( C . 1579—1647) 104

FROM The New English Canaan 105

J OHN W INTHROP (1588—1649) 114

FROM The Journal of John Winthrop 115

A Model of Christian Charity 125

R OGER W ILLIAMS ( C . 1603—1683) 136

FROM A Key into the Language of America 137

FROM The Bloody Tenet of Persecution for the Cause of Conscience 142

To the Town of Providence 144

T HE N EW E NGLAND P RIMER ( C . 1683) 145

FROM The New England Primer 146

A NNE B RADSTREET ( C . 1612—1672) 152

The Prologue 154

Contemplations 156

The Flesh and the Spirit 162

The Author to Her Book 165

Before the Birth of One of Her Children 165

To My Dear and Loving Husband 166

A Letter to Her Husband Absent Upon Public Employment 166

In Reference to Her Children, 23 June, 1659 167

In Memory of My Dear Grandchild Elizabeth Bradstreet 170

On My Dear Grandchild Simon Bradstreet 170

[On Deliverance] from Another Sore Fit 171

Upon the Burning of Our House, July 10th, 1666 171

As Weary Pilgrim 173

FROM Meditations Divine and Moral 174

M ICHAEL W IGGLESWORTH (1631—1705) 177

FROM The Day of Doom 178

E DWARD T AYLOR ( C . 1642—1729) 184

Prologue 185

FROM Preparatory Meditations 186

The Reflexion 186

Meditation 6 (First Series) 187

Meditation 8 (First Series) 188

Meditation 38 (First Series) 189

Meditation 39 (First Series) 191

Meditation 150 (Second Series) 192

FROM God’s Determinations 193

The Preface 193

The Joy of Church Fellowship Rightly Attended 194

Upon a Spider Catching a Fly 195

Upon Wedlock and Death of Children 197

Huswifery 198

The Ebb and Flow 198

A Fig for Thee Oh! Death 199

C OTTON M ATHER (1663—1728) 200

FROM The Wonders of the Invisible World 202

The Trial of Bridget Bishop 204

The Trial of Martha Carrier 208

A Third Curiosity 211

FROM Magnalia Christi Americana 211

A General Introduction 211

Galeacius Secundus 212

Thaumatographia Pneumatica 218

S AMUEL S EWALL (1652—1730) 220

The Selling of Joseph 221

FROM The Diary of Samuel Sewall 225

M ARY R OWLANDSON ( C . 1637—1711) 235

FROM A Narrative of the Captivity and Restoration 235

E BENEZER C OOKE ( C . 1665— C . 1732) 252

The Sot-Weed Factor 253

S ARAH K EMBLE K NIGHT (1666—1727) 270

The Journal of Madam Knight 271

W ILLIAM B YRD II (1674—1744) 281

FROM The Secret Diary of William Byrd of Westover, 1709—1712 282

FROM The History of the Dividing Line 286

J OHN W OOLMAN (1720—1772) 292

FROM The Journal of John Woolman 293

J ONATHAN E DWARDS (1703—1758) 301

Sarah Pierrepont 303

Personal Narrative 304

FROM A Divine and Supernatural Light 314

Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God 319

The Literature of the Eighteenth Century 331

Reading the Historical Context 341

C ORRESPONDENCE 341

Thomas Jefferson to James Madison 342

Thomas Jefferson to John Adams 345

Abigail Adams to John Adams 348

John Adams to Abigail Adams 349

Benjamin Banneker to Thomas Jefferson 351

Thomas Jefferson to Benjamin Banneker 354

T HE F EDERALIST /A NTI -F EDERALIST C ONTROVERSY 354

The Federalist No. 1 (Alexander Hamilton) 356

The Federalist No. 2 (John Jay) 359

The Federalist No. 10 (James Madison) 362

The Federalist No. 51 (James Madison) 367

Reading the Critical Context 370

B ENJAMIN F RANKLIN (1706—1790) 370

Silence Dogood, No. 7 371

Literature of the Eighteenth Century 375

B ENJAMIN F RANKLIN (1706—1790) 375

FROM The Autobiography 377

Silence Dogood, No. 2 424

Benjamin Franklin’s Epitaph 425

The Witches of Mount Holly 426

FROM Poor Richard’s Almanac, 1733 427

FROM Poor Richard’s Almanac, 1746 430

The Speech of Miss Polly Baker 432

Observations Concerning the Increase of Mankind 434

Information to Those Who Would Remove to America 439

Speech in the Convention 445

An Address to the Public 446

S AMSON O CCOM (1723—1792) 447

FROM A Short Narrative of My Life 448

The Slow Traveller 453

A Morning Hymn 453

A Son’s Farewell 454

Conversion Song 454

Come All My Young Companions, Come 455

M ICHEL -G UILLAUME - JEAN DE C RÈVECOEUR (1735—1813) 456

FROM Letters from an American Farmer 458

Letter III What Is an American? 458

Letter IX Description of Charleston 467

Letter XII Distresses of a Frontier Man 471

O LAUDAH E QUIANO (1745—1797) 480

FROM The Life of Olaudah Equiano 482

T HOMAS P AINE (1737—1809) 498

FROM Common Sense 500

FROM The American Crisis 502

FROM The Age of Reason 508

T HOMAS J EFFERSON (1743—1826) 515

The Declaration of Independence 518

FROM Notes on the State of Virginia 521

FROM Query V: Cascades 521

FROM Query VI: Productions Mineral, Vegetable and Animal 522

Query XIV: Laws 528

FROM Query XVII: Religion 541

FROM Query XVIII: Manners 543

FROM Query XIX: Manufactures 545

FROM The Autobiography of Thomas Jefferson 545

R OYALL T YLER (1757—1826) 560

The Contrast 562

P HILLIS W HEATLEY (1754?—1784) 603

On Virtue 604

To the University of Cambridge, in New England 604

On Being Brought from Africa to America 605

On the Death of the Rev. Mr. George Whitefield. 1770. 606

On Imagination 607

To S. M. A Young African Painter, On Seeing His Works 608

To His Excellency General Washington 609

P HILIP F RENEAU (1752—1832) 611

The Power of Fancy 612

The Hurricane 616

To Sir Toby 617

The Wild Honey Suckle 619

The Indian Burying Ground 620

On Mr. Paine’s Rights of Man 621

On a Honey Bee 622

On the Universality and Other Attributes of the God of Nature 623

On the Religion of Nature 624

W ILLIAM B ARTRAM (1739—1823) 625

FROM Travels through North and South Carolina 626

J UDITH S ARGENT M URRAY (1751—1820) 641

On the Equality of the Sexes 642

S USANNA H ASWELL R OWSON (1762—1824) 649

Slaves in Algiers 650

R ED J ACKET ( C . 1750—1830) 683

The Indians Must Worship the Great Spirit in Their Own Way 684

The Literature of the Early- to Mid-Nineteenth Century 686

Reading the Historical Context 701

T ECUMSEH (1768—1813) 701

Speech to the Osage Indians 701

W ILLIAM L LOYD G ARRISON (1805—1879) 703

On the Constitution and the Union 703

S TEPHEN A. D OUGLAS (1813—1861) 705

FROM Third Joint Debate, at Jonesboro 705

W OMEN S R IGHTS C ONVENTION , SENECA FALLS, NEW YORK (J ULY 1848) 713

Declaration of Sentiments 713

Reading the Critical Context 715

E DGAR A LLAN P OE (1809—1849) 715

FROM “Twice-Told Tales, by Nathaniel Hawthorne” [A Review] 716

The Philosophy of Composition 719

FROM The Poetic Principle 728

H ERMAN M ELVILLE (1819—1891) 733

FROM Hawthorne and His Mosses 733

Literature of the Early- to Mid-Nineteenth Century 739

W ASHINGTON I RVING (1783—1859) 739

FROM The Sketch-Book of Geoffrey Crayon, Gent. 741

The Author’s Account of Himself 741

Rip Van Winkle 743

The Legend of Sleepy Hollow 756

Traits of Indian Character 777

B LACK H AWK (1767—1838) 784

FROM Black Hawk’s Autobiography 784

W ILLIAM A PESS (1798—1839) 789

FROM A Son of the Forest 789

Eulogy on King Philip 796

E LIAS B OUDINOT ( C .1802—1839) 801

An Address to the Whites 801

FROM The Cherokee Phoenix 811

P ENINA M OÏSE (1797—1880) 816

To Persecuted Foreigners 817

The Mirror and the Echo 818

To a Lottery Ticket 818

A UGUSTUS B ALDWIN L ONGSTREET (1790—1870) 819

The Fight 820

J AMES F ENIMORE C OOPER (1789—1851) 827

Preface to The Leather-Stocking Tales 829

FROM The Pioneers 832

FROM The Deerslayer 839

T HOMAS B ANGS T HORPE (1815—1878) 856

The Big Bear of Arkansas 857

W ILLIAM C ULLEN B RYANT (1794—1878) 865

Thanatopsis 867

The Yellow Violet 869

To a Waterfowl 870

To Cole, the Painter, Departing for Europe 871

To the Fringed Gentian 871

The Prairies 872

Abraham Lincoln 875

S OJOURNER T RUTH (1797?—1883) 875

Speech to the Women’s Rights Convention, Akron, Ohio 877

FROM Narrative of Sojourner Truth 878

E DGAR A LLAN P OE (1809—1849) 880

Sonnet–To Science 883

To Helen 883

The City in the Sea 884

Sonnet–Silence 885

Lenore 886

The Raven 887

Annabel Lee 890

The Fall of the House of Usher 891

The Black Cat 904

Ligeia 911

The Tell-Tale Heart 922

The Purloined Letter 925

R ALPH W ALDO E MERSON (1803—1882) 938

Nature 940

The American Scholar 969

The Divinity School Address 982

Self-Reliance 994

The Poet 1011

The Rhodora 1026

Each and All 1026

Concord Hymn 1027

The Problem 1028

Ode 1030

Hamatreya 1033

Give All to Love 1034

Days 1036

Brahma 1036

Terminus 1037

N ATHANIEL P ARKER W ILLIS (1806—1867) 1038

January 1, 1828 1039

January 1, 1829 1039

Lady in the White Dress, I Helped into the Omnibus 1040

M ARIA S TEWART (1803—1879) 1041

An Address Delivered Before The Afric-American Female

Intelligence Society of Boston 1042

G EORGE M OSES H ORTON (1797—1883) 1046

On Liberty and Slavery 1047

The Lover’s Farewell 1048

On Hearing of the Intention of a Gentleman

to Purchase the Poet’s Freedom 1049

The Creditor to His Proud Debtor 1050

Division of an Estate 1051

Death of an Old Carriage Horse 1052

George Moses Horton, Myself 1053

M ARGARET F ULLER (1810—1850) 1054

FROM Woman in the Nineteenth Century 1056

N ATHANIEL H AWTHORNE (1804—1864) 1067

Young Goodman Brown 1069

The Birth-Mark 1079

Rappaccini’s Daughter 1090

My Kinsman, Major Molineux 1110

The Maypole of Merry Mount 1124

The Minister’s Black Veil 1131

The Artist of the Beautiful 1141

Ethan Brand 1157

The Custom-House: Introductory to The Scarlet Letter 1167

The Scarlet Letter 1193

H ERMAN M ELVILLE (1819—1891) 1310

FROM Moby-Dick 1312

The Pulpit 1312

The Sermon 1314

The Mast-Head 1320

The Whiteness of the Whale 1324

Bartleby, the Scrivener 1329

Benito Cereno 1355

Billy Budd 1413

The Portent 1471

Shiloh 1472

Malvern Hill 1472

A Utilitarian View of the Monitor’s Fight 1473

The House-Top 1474

The Swamp Angel 1475

The College Colonel 1477

The Æolian Harp 1478

The Tuft of Kelp 1479

The Maldive Shark 1479

The Berg 1480

Art 1481

Greek Architecture 1481

L YDIA H OWARD H UNTLEY S IGOURNEY (1791—1865) 1481

Death of an Infant 1482

The Indian’s Welcome to the Pilgrim Fathers 1483

Indian Names 1484

L YDIA M ARIA C HILD (1802—1880) 1485

Charity Bowery 1485

The Black Saxons 1490

Slavery’s Pleasant Homes 1497

The New England Boy’s Song about Thanksgiving Day 1501

J OSIAH H ENSON (1789—1883) 1503

FROM The Life of Josiah Henson 1504

F REDERICK D OUGLASS (1818—1895) 1516

Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass 1517

Letter to His Old Master 1577

What to the Slave is the Fourth of July? 1582

West India Emancipation 1585

H ENRY D AVID T HOREAU (1817—1862) 1594

Civil Disobedience 1596

Walden 1612

They Who Prepare my Evening Meal Below 1793

On Fields O’er Which the Reaper’s Hand Has Passed 1793

Smoke 1793

Conscience 1794

My Life Has Been the Poem 1795

W ILLIAM G ILMORE S IMMS (1806—1870) 1795

Grayling; or “Murder Will Out” 1796

H ENRY W ADSWORTH L ONGFELLOW (1807—1882) 1819

A Psalm of Life 1820

The Arsenal at Springfield 1821

The Jewish Cemetery at Newport 1823

My Lost Youth 1825

Aftermath 1827

The Tide Rises, the Tide Falls 1827

FROM The Song of Hiawatha 1828

J OHN G REENLEAF W HITTIER (1807—1892) 1833

The Hunters of Men 1834

The Farewell 1836

Massachusetts to Virginia 1837

Toussaint l’Ouverture 1840

Song of Slaves in the Desert 1846

Barbara Frietchie 1848

E. D. E. N. S OUTHWORTH (1819—1899) 1850

The Thunderbolt to the Hearth 1852

J AMES R USSELL L OWELL (1819—1891) 1865

To the Dandelion 1865

FROM The Biglow Papers, First Series 1867

FROM A Fable for Critics 1872

H ARRIET B EECHER S TOWE (1811—1896) 1881

FROM Uncle Tom’s Cabin 1883

F ANNY F ERN (1811—1872) 1901

Aunt Hetty on Matrimony 1903

Hints to Young Wives 1904

Owls Kill Humming-Birds 1905

The Tear of a Wife 1906

Mrs. Adolphus Smith Sporting the “Blue Stocking” 1907

Fresh Fern Leaves: Leaves of Grass 1907

Blackwell’s Island 1910

Blackwell’s Island No. 3 1912

Independence 1914

The Working-Girls of New York 1914

W ILLIAM W ELLS B ROWN (1814—1884) 1916

The Escape 1916

H ARRIET A NN J ACOBS (1813—1897) 1952

FROM Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl 1953

J AMES M. W HITFIELD (1822—1871) 1980

America 1981

Self-Reliance 1985

A BRAHAM L INCOLN (1809—1865) 1987

To Horace Greeley 1988

Gettysburg Address 1989

Second Inaugural Address 1990

F RANCES E. W. H ARPER (1825—1911) 1991

Bury Me in a Free Land 1992

To the Union Savers of Cleveland 1993

Eliza Harris 1994

The Slave Mother 1996

Learning to Read 1997

Aunt Chloe’s Politics 1998

L OUISA M AY A LCOTT (1832—1888) 1999

FROM Little Women 2002

FROM Hospital Sketches 2034

A Day 2034

A Night 2042

E MMA L AZARUS (1849—1887) 2052

In the Jewish Synagogue at Newport 2053

The New Colossus 2054

1492 2055

W ALT W HITMAN (1819—1892) 2055

Preface to the 1855 Edition of Leaves of Grass 2057

Song of Myself 2072

FROM Inscriptions 2119

To You 2119

One’s-Self I Sing 2119

When I Read the book 2119

I Hear America Singing 2119

Poets to Come 2120

FROM Children of Adam 2120

From Pent-up Aching Rivers 2120

Out of the Rolling Ocean the Crowd 2122

As Adam, Early in the Morning 2122

Once I Pass’d Through a Populous City 2122

FROM Calamus 2123

What Think You I Take My Pen in Hand? 2123

I Saw in Louisiana a Live-Oak Growing 2123

I Hear It Was Charged Against Me 2124

Crossing Brooklyn Ferry 2124

FROM Sea-Drift 2129

Out of the Cradle Endlessly Rocking 2129

FROM By the Roadside 2133

When I Heard the Learn’d Astronomer 2133

The Dalliance of the Eagles 2134

FROM Drum-Taps 2134

Beat! Beat! Drums! 2134

Cavalry Crossing a Ford 2135

Bivouac on a Mountain Side 2135

Vigil Strange I Kept on the Field One Night 2135

A Sight in Camp in the Daybreak Gray and Dim 2136

The Wound-Dresser 2137

As I Lay with My Head in Your Lap Camerado 2139

FROM Memories of President Lincoln 2139

When Lilacs Last in the Dooryard Bloom’d 2139

FROM Autumn Rivulets 2146

There was a Child Went Forth 2146

Sparkles from the Wheel 2147

Passage to India 2148

FROM Whispers of Heavenly Death 2156

A Noiseless Patient Spider 2156

FROM From Noon to Starry Night 2156

To a Locomotive in Winter 2156

FROM Democratic Vistas 2157

E MILY D ICKINSON (1830—1886) 2177

49 I never lost as much but twice 2179

67 Success is counted sweetest 2179

165 A Wounded Deer–leaps highest 2180

185 “Faith” is a fine invention 2180

210 The thought beneath so slight a film 2180

214 I taste a liquor never brewed 2180

216 Safe in their Alabaster Chambers 2181

241 I like a look of Agony 2181

249 Wild Nights–Wild Nights! 2182

258 There’s a certain Slant of light 2182

280 I felt a Funeral, in my Brain 2182

303 The Soul selects her own Society 2183

324 Some keep the Sabbath going to Church 2183

328 A Bird came down the Walk 2184

338 I know that He exists 2185

341 After great pain, a formal feeling comes 2185

401 What Soft–Cherubic Creatures 2185

435 Much Madness is divinest Sense 2186

441 This is my letter to the World 2186

449 I died for Beauty–but was scarce 2186

465 I heard a Fly buzz–when I died 2187

520 I started Early–Took my Dog 2187

585 I like to see it lap the Miles 2188

632 The Brain–is wider than the sky 2189

640 I cannot live with You 2189

670 One need not be a Chamber–to be Haunted 2190

709 Publication–is the Auction 2191

712 Because I could not stop for Death 2192

764 Presentiment–is that long Shadow–on the Lawn 2192

976 Death is a Dialogue between 2192

986 A narrow Fellow in the Grass 2193

1052 I never saw a Moor 2193

1078 The Bustle in a House 2194

1129 Tell all the truth but tell it slant 2194

1207 He preached upon “Breadth” till it argued him narrow 2194

1463 A Route of Evanescence 2195

1545 The Bible is an antique Volume 2195

1624 Apparently with no surprise 2196

1670 In Winter in my Room 2196

1732 My life closed twice before its close 2197

1755 To make a prairie it takes a clover and one bee 2197

1760 Elysium is as far as to 2197

Letters to T. W. Higginson 2198

Reference Works, Bibliographies 2200

Criticism, Literary and Cultural History 2203

Acknowledgments 2208

Index to Authors, Titles, and First Lines 2209

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Preface

Preface For more than three decades, students and instructors have relied on the McMichael-Leonard Anthology of American Literature as a reliable source of literary texts, annotations, and contextual information. The McMichael-Leonard anthology has secured its reputation with a solid core of writers and works and has enhanced that reputation with quality ancillaries, including the Pick-a-Penguin Program, American Literature Database, and text-specific MyLiteratureKitTM. Because it allows such flexibility in meeting individual course needs, Anthology of American Literature is a complete American Literature resource. In preparing this tenth edition, the editors have continued to follow the principles of selection that have made the previous editions so successful: selected works primarily for their literary significance. represented authors by offering extensive samplings of their works. included, where possible, long works in their entirety. provided clear, concise, and informative introductions and headnotes that are appropriate for student readers. explained unfamiliar terms and allusions through in-text references and footnotes. presented author bibliographies that are selective and current. Authors and works in the anthology follow a generally chronological order. In deciding on a standard text from among the various editions available for selections, we have chosen, whenever possible, that edition most respected by modern scholars. The text reprinted is identified at the end of the headnote for each author. Spelling and punctuation are, in some instances, regularized and modernized to correct obvious errors and to suit the reader¿s convenience. An editorial excision of less than one paragraph is indicated by an ellipsis (. . .); excisions of a paragraph or more are indicated by a centered ellipsis: . . . New to the Tenth Edition Building on the anthology¿s solid foundation, we were in this edition able to make important enhancements to content and format: We have updated and revised period introductions and headnotes. We have included new headnotes and selections for the following authors: Ebenezer Cooke, Sarah Kemble Knight, Royall Tyler, Augustus Baldwin Longstreet, and E. D. E. N. Southworth. We have added new works or expanded existing ones by Roger Williams, Edward Taylor, Cotton Mather, Samuel Sewall, Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Jefferson, William Apess, Edgar Allan Poe, Nathaniel Hawthorne, Herman Melville, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, Frances E. W. Harper, and Walt Whitman. We have added new ¿Reading the Historical Context¿ selections by ¿lvar N¿¿ez Cabeza De Vaca, Benjamin Banneker, Thomas Jefferson, and Stephen A. Douglas. We have supplemented the ¿Reading the Critical Context¿ section already included for The Literature of the Early- to Mid-Nineteenth Century by creating equivalent sections for both The Literature of Early America and The Literature of the Eighteenth Century. We have added new ¿Critical Context¿ selections by John Dryden, Alexander Pope, and Benjamin Franklin. We have restored the 1881 version of Walt Whitman¿s Song of Myself, as the version most suitable for classroom use. We have continued the anthology¿s revamping of the treatment of Native American authors, moving away from the ¿myths and legends¿ motif and toward an emphasis on specifically identifiable speakers and authors firmly anchored in the historical context¿including the addition of works by William Apess and Tecumseh. In addition, we have restored Din¿ahane': The Navajo Creation Story to The Literature of Early America. We have for the first time included visual images related to specific literary works and to the general historical and literary contexts of the various periods. Anthology of American Literature also offers design features that make it more accessible to students. The typeface for the headnotes and the literary selections is easy to read. Updated chronological charts offer students at-a-glance information about authors¿ lives and works, as well as key historical, political, technological, and cultural contexts. A Complete American Literature Resource How does the McMichael-Leonard Anthology of American Literature offer more of what students and instructors want for their American Literature courses? Pick-a-Penguin Program Pearson is proud to announce an agreement with Penguin Putnam that allows us to package¿at substantial discounts¿the most popular American Literature trade paperbacks with the McMichael-Leonard Anthology of American Literature. Ask your Pearson sales representative for details and for a listing of available American Literature titles. American Literature Database Now instructors can customize course material with the Pearson Custom Library of American Literature. A database featuring more than 1,700 literary works, the Pearson Custom Library of American Literature gives instructors the flexibility to choose other selections they might want to use along with the McMichael-Leonard anthology. For details, visit < http://www.pearsoncustom.com/custom-library/the-pearson-custom-library-of-american-literature >, or contact your Pearson sales representative. American Literature Online MyLiteratureKit is a dynamic online learning system that enhances American Literature Survey courses.¿ It offers a wealth of resources such as practice quizzes with grade tracker and open-ended discussion questions, a gradebook that tracks results, interactive timelines, maps, an online library of key works, visually-rich PowerPoints with outlines of each period accompanied by maps and images, an instructor's manual written by our anthology editors, and more.¿¿MyLiteratureKit offers everything you need to save time and to engage students.¿Please visit www.myliteraturekit.com for more information. Acknowledgments We would like to thank the countless instructors and students, as well as the editorial and production teams, who have contributed their time and ideas to Anthology of American Literature. For the tenth edition, our thanks are particularly extended to research assistants James Wharton Leonard (Wake Forest University) and Roger Howard (The Citadel), and to Christine E. Wharton, David Allen, James Hutchisson, Licia Calloway, and Lauren Rule of The Citadel. We would like to thank the following reviewers for their invaluable feedback: Dr. Betsy Berry University of Texas at Austin; Jesse R. Bishop, Georgia Highlands College; Allan Chavkin, Texas State University at San Marcos; Dr. Lesley Ginsberg, University of Colorado at Colorado Springs; Dr. Heidi M. Hanrahan, Shepherd University; Beverly A. Hume, Indiana University-Purdue University; Lea Masiello, Indiana University of Pennsylvania; Garry Partridge, San Antonio College; Steven Reynolds, College of the Siskiyous; Dr. Sarah Stephens, University of Texas at Arlington; John C. Sutton, Francis Marion University. We would also like to express our gratitude to the Pearson publishing team: Vivian Garcia, Heather Vomero, Joseph Terry, Denise Philip, Cheryl Besenjak, Carrie Fox, and Ann Bailey. THE EDITORS
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