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Many serious public health problems confront the world in the new millennium. Anthropology and Public Health examines the critical role of anthropology in four crucial public health domains: (1) anthropological understandings of public health problems such as malaria, HIV/AIDS, and diabetes; (2) anthropological design of public health interventions in areas such as tobacco control and elder care; (3) anthropological evaluations of public health initiatives such as Safe Motherhood and polio eradication; and (4) anthropological critiques of public health policies, including neoliberal health care reforms. As the volume demonstrates, anthropologists provide crucial understandings of public health problems from the perspectives of the populations in which the problems occur. On the basis of such understandings, anthropologists may develop and implement interventions to address particular public health problems, often working in collaboration with local participants. Anthropologists also work as evaluators, examining the activities of public health institutions and the successes and failures of public health programs. Anthropological critiques may focus on major international public health agencies and their workings, as well as public health responses to the threats of infectious disease and other disasters. Through twenty-four compelling case studies from around the world, the volume provides a powerful argument for the imperative of anthropological perspectives, methods, information, and collaboration in the understanding and practice of public health. Written in plain English, with significant attention to anthropological methodology, the book should be required reading for public health practitioners, medical anthropologists, and health policy makers. It should also be of interest to those in the behavioral and allied health sciences, as well as programs of public health administration, planning, and management. As the single most comprehensive and up-to-date analysis of anthropology's role in public health, this volume will inform debates about how to solve the world's most pressing public health problems at a critical moment in human history.
The book contains black-and-white illustrations.
Translating public health knowledge and technical capacity into public health action across cultural and social boundaries is often a challenge for those who participate in public health. The 15 case studies of this book illustrate anthropological concepts and methods that can help us understand and resolve diverse public health problems around the world. One case study shows how differences in concepts and terminology among patients, clinicians, and epidemiologists in a southwestern U. S. county hinder the control of epidemics. Another case study examines reasons that Mexican farmers don't use protective equipment when spraying pesticides and suggests ways to increase use. Another examines the culture of international health agencies, demonstrates institutional values and practices that impede effective public health practice, and suggests issues that must be addressed to enhance institutional organization and process. Anthropology in Public Health provides practical models and anthropological tools to improve the effectiveness of public health efforts around the world.
|1||Anthropology and the Enhancement of Public Health Practice||3|
|2||Folk Flu and Viral Syndrome: An Anthropological Perspective||27|
|3||The Role of Anthropological Methods in a Community-Based Mosquito Net Intervention in Bagamoyo District, Tanzania||44|
|4||Engaging Indigenous African Healers in the Prevention of AIDS and STDs||63|
|5||Anthropological Perspectives on Childhood Pneumonia in Pakistan||84|
|6||Ethnography and Breast Cancer Control among Latinas and Anglo Women in Southern California||117|
|7||A Policy Approach to Reducing Cancer Risk in Northwest Indian Tribes||142|
|8||The Rational Basis of "Irrational" Drug Use: Pharmaceuticals in the Context of Development||165|
|9||Cultural Tailoring in Indonesia's National Nutrition Improvement Program||182|
|10||Road Warriors: Driving Behaviors on a Polynesian Island||211|
|11||Balancing Risks and Resources: Applying Pesticides without Using Protective Equipment in Southern Mexico||235|
|12||Prospects for Family Planning in Cote d'Ivoire: Ethnographic Contributions to the Development of Culturally Appropriate Population Policy||257|
|13||Integrating Mental Health Care and Traditional Healing in Puerto Rico: Lessons from an Early Experiment||279|
|14||Project Community Diagnosis: Participatory Research as a First Step toward Community Involvement in Primary Health Care||300|
|15||Neglect of Cultural Knowledge in Health Planning: Nepal's Assistant Nurse-Midwife Program||327|
|16||Bureaucratic Aspects of International Health Programs||345|
|App||Resources in Anthropology||365|