Anthropology from a Pragmatic Point of View / Edition 1

Anthropology from a Pragmatic Point of View / Edition 1

by Immanuel Kant
     
 

ISBN-10: 0809320606

ISBN-13: 9780809320608

Pub. Date: 09/01/1996

Publisher: Southern Illinois University Press

In the fall semester of 1772/73 at the Albertus University of Königsberg, Immanuel Kant, metaphysician and professor of logic and metaphysics, began lectures on anthropology, which he continued until 1776, shortly before his retirement from public life. His lecture notes and papers were first published in 1798, eight years after the publication of the

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Overview

In the fall semester of 1772/73 at the Albertus University of Königsberg, Immanuel Kant, metaphysician and professor of logic and metaphysics, began lectures on anthropology, which he continued until 1776, shortly before his retirement from public life. His lecture notes and papers were first published in 1798, eight years after the publication of the Critique of Judgment, the third of his famous Critiques. The present edition of the Anthropology is a translation of the text found in volume 7 of Kants gesammelte Schriften, edited by Oswald Külpe.

Kant describes the Anthropology as a systematic doctrine of the knowledge of humankind. (He does not yet distinguish between the academic discipline of anthropology as we understand it today and the philosophical.) Kant’s lectures stressed the "pragmatic" approach to the subject because he intended to establish pragmatic anthropology as a regular academic discipline. He differentiates the physiological knowledge of the human race—the investigation of "what Nature makes of man"—from the pragmatic—"what man as a free being makes of himself, what he can make of himself, and what he ought to make of himself." Kant believed that anthropology teaches the knowledge of humankind and makes us familiar with what is pragmatic, not speculative, in relation to humanity. He shows us as world citizens within the context of the cosmos.

Summarizing the cloth edition of the Anthropology, Library Journal concludes: "Kant’s allusions to such issues as sensation, imagination, judgment, (aesthetic) taste, emotion, passion, moral character, and the character of the human species in regard to the ideal of a cosmopolitan society make this work an important resource for English readers who seek to grasp the connections among Kant’s metaphysics of nature, metaphysics of morals, and political theory. The notes of the editor and translator, which incorporate material from Ernst Cassirer’s edition and from Kant’s marginalia in the original manuscript, shed considerable light on the text."

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780809320608
Publisher:
Southern Illinois University Press
Publication date:
09/01/1996
Edition description:
1st Edition
Pages:
320
Product dimensions:
5.50(w) x 8.50(h) x 0.80(d)

Table of Contents

Preface
Introduction
Introduction3
Pt. 1Anthropological Didactic
On Being Conscious of One's Self9
On Egoism10
On Being Arbitrarily Conscious of One's Ideas14
On Self-Observation15
On the Ideas We Have without Being Aware of Them18
On Distinctness and Indistinctness in Relation to the Consciousness of One's Ideas21
On Sensibility in Contrast to Understanding24
Apology for Sensibility28
On the Potentiality of the Cognitive Faculty32
On the Artificial Games Played with Sensory Perceptions35
On the Admissible Moral Perception37
On the Five Senses40
On the Inner Sense49
On the Causes of Increasing or Decreasing Sensory Perceptions According to Degree50
On the Decreasing, Weakening, and Entire Loss of the Faculty of the Senses54
On the Sensory Productive Faculty with All Its Branches64
Of the Faculty of Visualizing the Past and the Future by means of the Imagination73
On Involuntary Invention in a Sound Mental State, that is, on Dreams81
On the Faculty of Designation (facultas signatrix)83
On the Faculty of Cognition as Far as It Is Based on Understanding90
Anthropological Comparison of the Three Higher Cognitive Faculties with Each Other91
On the Soul's Weaknesses and Illnesses with Respect to Its Cognitive Faculty97
On the Talents of the Cognitive Faculty118
On the Specific Differences between the Comparative and the Argumentative Intelligence119
On Sensuous Pleasure130
On Emotion in Contrast to Passion156
On the Emotions in Particular158
On Passions172
On the Highest Physical Good184
On the Highest Ethicophysical Good185
Pt. 2Anthropological Characterization
AThe Character of the Person195
BThe Character of the Sexes216
CThe Character of Nations225
DOn the Character of Races236
EOn the Character of the Species237
Notes255
Index291

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