Antioxidant Food Supplements in Human Health / Edition 1

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Overview

The public's increasing interest in healthy lifestyles and healthy aging has led to heightened awareness of antioxidant food supplements. The development of technologies for the study of free radicals and antioxidants has led to many new discoveries. For example, it is now known that antioxidants modulate oxygen and nitrogen free radicals, which are important in cell signaling, in redox regulation of metabolism, and in pathophysiological processes. Antioxidant Food Supplements in Human Health presents exciting new research on the identification and biological activity of antioxidants and their role in health and disease. It is an important resource for researchers, students, and professionals in food science and nutrition, gerontology, physiology, pharmacology, and related areas.

Key topics covered:
· The health effects of antioxidant nutrients in cancer, heart disease, and other health conditions
· The nutrient antioxidants: vitamins C and E, selenium, a-lipoic acid, coenzyme Q10, carotenoids, and flavonoids
· Natural source antioxidants including extracts from pine park, Ginkgo biloba, oyster, uyaku, wine, tea, herbs, and Carica papaya

Audience: Clinical researchers, nutritionists, gerontologists, physiologists, and pharmacologists.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780125435901
  • Publisher: Elsevier Science
  • Publication date: 2/1/1999
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 511
  • Product dimensions: 1.38 (w) x 6.00 (h) x 9.00 (d)

Meet the Author

Lester Packer received a PhD in Microbiology and Biochemistry in 1956 from Yale University. In 1961, he joined the University of California at Berkeley serving as Professor of Cell and Molecular Biology until 2000, and then was appointed Adjunct Professor, Pharmacology and Pharmaceutical Sciences, School of Pharmacy at the University of Southern California.
Dr Packer received numerous distinctions including three honorary doctoral degrees, several distinguished Professor appointments. He was awarded Chevalier de l’Ordre National du Merite (Knight of the French National Order of Merit) and later promoted to the rank of Officier. He served as President of the Society for Free Radical Research International (SFRRI), founder and Honorary President of the Oxygen Club of California.
He has edited numerous books and published research; some of the most cited articles have become classics in the field of free radical biology:
Dr Packer is a member of many professional societies and editorial boards. His research elucidated - the Antioxidant Network concept. Exogenous lipoic acid was discovered to be one of the most potent natural antioxidants and placed as the ultimate reductant or in the pecking order of the “Antioxidant Network” regenerating vitamins C and E and stimulating glutathione synthesis, thereby improving the overall cellular antioxidant defense. The Antioxidant Network is a concept addressing the cell’s redox status. He established a world-wide network of research programs by supporting and co-organizing conferences on free radical research and redox biology in Asia, Europe, and America.
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Table of Contents

Health Effects of Antioxidant Nutrients: P. Knekt, Vitamin E and Lung Cancer Prevention. G. Duthie, Natural Antioxidants in the Protection Against Cigarette Smoke Injury. Nutrients: Vitamins C and E: G.G. Block, Emerging Role of Nutrition in Chronic Disease Prevention: A Look at the Data, with an Emphasis on Vitamin C. M.G. Traber, E.A. Servinova, and L. Packer, Biological Activities of Tocotrienols and Tocopherols. N.K. Özer, S. Taha, A. Stocker, and A. Azzi, Effects of High Cholesterol, Vitamin E, and Probucol on Protein Kinase C Activity and Proliferation of Smooth Muscle Cells. H. Sies, L.-O. Klotz, V.S. Sharov, A. Assman, and K. Briviba, A New Function for Selenoproteins: Peroxynitrite Reduction. M. Maiorino, Selenium-Peroxidases in Mammalian Testis. a-Lipoic Acid. C.K. Sen, S. Roy, and L. Packer, a-Lipoic Acid: Cell Regulatory Function and Potential Implications. J.K. Lodge and L. Packer, Natural Sources of Lipoic Acid in Plant and Animal Tissues. T. Konishi and L. Packer, Determination of Protein Bound Lipoic Acid in Tissues by Enzyme Recycling Method. Coenzyme Q10: E. Cadenas, J.J. Poderoso, F. Antunes, and A. Boveris, Reaction of Ubiquinols with Nitric Oxide. T. Kishi, T. Takahashi, and T. Okamoto, Coenzyme Q Redox Cycle as an Endogenous Anioxidant. Carotenoids: W. Stahl and H. Sies, Carotenoids: Occurrence, Biochemical Activities, and Bioavailability. F. Khachik, J.S. Bertram, M.-T. Huang, J.W. Fahey, and P. Talalay, Dietary Carotenoids and Their Metabolites as Potentially Useful Chemoprotective Agents Against Cancer. H. Nishino, Cancer Prevention by Natural Carotenoids. Flavonoids: C. Rice-Evans, Screening of Phenolics and Favonoids for Antioxidant Activity. J. Terao, Dietary Flavonoids as Plasma Antioxidants on Lipid Peroxidation: Significance of Metabolic Conversion. G.R. Beecher, Flavonoids in Foods. P. Pietta and P. Simonetti, Dietary Flavonoids and Interaction with Physiologic Antioxidants. Natural Source Antioxidants: Pine Bark: G. Drehsen, From Ancient Pine Bark Uses to Pycnogenol. F. Virgili, H. Kobuchi, Y. Noda, E. Cossins, and L. Packer, Pro-cyanidins from Pinus Maritima Bark: Antioxidant Activity, Effects on the Immune System, and Modulation of Nitrogen Monoxide Metabolism. Ginkgo biloba M.-T. Droy-Lefaix, Antioxidant Properties of Ginkgo biloba Extract: EGb 761. S. Roy, H. Kobuchi, C.K. Sen, M.-T. Droy-Lefaix, and L. Packer, Down-Regulation of Agonist-Induced Nitric Oxide Synthesis and Cell-Cell Adhesion by Ginkgo Biloba Extract EGb 761: Therapeutic Efficacy in Circulatory Disorder. A. Gozin, H. Sellak, E. Franzini, and C. Pasquier, Reactive Oxygen Species Increase Neutrophil Adherence to Endothelial Cells and Activate Tyrosine Phosphorylation of Cytoskeleton Proteins. Wine and Herbs: E.N. Frankel, Natural Phenolic Antioxidants and Their Impact on Health. T. Okuda, Antioxidants in Herbs--Polyphenols. M. Hiramatsu and M. Komatsu, Mixed Japanese Herbs and Age-Related Neuronal Functions. Y. Hara, Actions of Tea Polyphenols in Oral Hygiene. S.A. Wiseman, U. Weisgerber, L. Tijburg, and O. Korver, The Food Industry and Functional Foods: Tea Antioxidants and Cardiovascular Disease. T. Yoshikawa, Y. Naito, Y. Masui, T. Fujii, Y. Boku, N. Yoshida, and M. Kondo, Antioxidant Properties of Crassostera Gigas Oyster Extract. Uyaku and Carica Papaya: Y. Noda, A. Mori, K. Anzai, and L. Packer, Superoxide Radical Scavening Activity of Uyaku (Lindera Strychnifolia), a Nautral Extract Used in Traditional Medicine. H. Kobuchi, N. Haramaki, L. Marcocci, and L. Packer, Biological Effects of the Fermentation Product of Carica Papaya (Bio-Normalizer). Subject Index.
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