Anwar Sadat and Menachem Begin: Negotiating Peace in the Middle East

Anwar Sadat and Menachem Begin: Negotiating Peace in the Middle East

by Heather Lehr Wagner
     
 

Editorial Reviews

Children's Literature - Enid Portnoy
Two statesmen from Egypt and Israel who received the Nobel Peace Prize for their efforts to bring peace to the Middle East are featured in this book. Their efforts were achieved through the Camp David Accords. The text describes each leader's rise to power and the manner in which they separately chose to work toward a peace for their people and their shared region. On October 6, 1973, Egypt and Syria attacked Israeli-held territory and began what is called the October War. The Israelis previously suspected an attack might be mounted but were not aware of any specifics. The attack began just six years after the intense Six Day War in 1967, when Israeli troops captured Syrian and Gaza territory. Although the Israeli forces were initially surprised in 1973, they mounted counter attacks. Two other countries, Russia and the United States were soon drawn into the fighting and were on opposing sides. On October 22, a ceasefire was agreed upon although continuous violations were observed. The war lasted 16 days, but its effects on the people and the land are ongoing. Both sides claimed victory although many casualties were reported. An oil embargo from October 1973 to November 1974 drastically affected the economy of the United States. Something had to be done to ease the tensions and open the flow of oil. A slow series of meetings arranged by Secretary of State Henry Kissinger gave Egypt control of the Suez Canal, and Syria received some territory it had lost before 1967. During the meetings and compromises, Kissinger and Sadat from Egypt forged a strong relationship which replaced the Russian-Egyptian relationship which had held during the war. Four years later, Sadat returned to Israelofficially, outlining his peace plan before the Israeli government. Shortly after that, Israel's leader, Menachem Begin went to Egypt, sensing an opportunity to end the continuous violence which had dogged the Middle East. The two leaders agreed to meet at Camp David in Maryland to work out a peace treaty for the two countries. Sadat's and Begin's joint willingness to sit down and hammer out the treaty helped bring about their nominations and the awarding of the Nobel Peace Prize to them. Other chapters in the book deal with the boyhood, education, and war experiences of each of the two leaders as they moved to positions of power and leadership. Photographs are used to compare and contrast significant moments and figures in the men's lives. Heather Wagner is a writer and editor of more than 30 books on social and political issues. High school students will discover much information about the text, which should help them understand the roots of the conflict and deep unrest between countries in this part of the world. An interesting feature of the book is the inclusion of the Nobel lectures given by both leaders in December of 1978. The chronology is another helpful addition, along with further readings, an extensive index, and a notes section. Photo credits are identified on the last pages along with brief author notes. This is part of the "Modern Peacemakers" series. Reviewer: Enid Portnoy

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780791090008
Publisher:
Facts on File, Incorporated
Publication date:
02/28/2007
Series:
Modern Peacemakers Series
Pages:
128
Product dimensions:
6.80(w) x 9.50(h) x 0.50(d)
Age Range:
11 - 17 Years

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