Appalachians and Race: The Mountain South from Slavery to Segregation

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African Americans have had a profound impact on the economy, culture, and social landscape of southern Appalachia but only after a surge of study in the last two decades have their contributions been recognized by white culture. Appalachians and Race brings together 18 essays on the black experience in the mountain South in the nineteenth century. These essays provide a broad and diverse sampling of the best work on race relations in this region. The contributors consider a variety of topics: black migration into and out of the region, educational and religious missions directed at African Americans, the musical influences of interracial contacts, the political activism of blacks during reconstruction and beyond, the racial attitudes of white highlanders, and much more. Drawing from the particulars of southern mountain experiences, this collection brings together important studies of the dynamics of race not only within the region, but throughout the South and the nation over the course of the turbulent nineteenth century.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"What makes the point collectively, and what ultimately charms the reader, is Inscoe's wonderful eye for stories.... For Inscoe, stories are not simply the most revealing and rewarding illustrations of Appalachian history. They are guideposts to understanding how that history became tangled up in the thickets of memory by the twentieth century." — Virginia Magazine of History and Biography

"Race, War, and Remembrance in the Appalachian South will be a very worthwhile resource for a better understanding of the wartime period in Appalachia." — Kentucky Ancestors

"The chief strength of the essays lies in their meticulous focus on the impact of slavery and the Civil War on the people and the region of southern Appalachia." — The Journal of Southern History

"The essays... remain essential readings for students and scholars interested in the history and constructed memory of antebellum Appalachia..." — Louisiana History

Inscoe (history, U. of Georgia) compiles 18 essays sampling the neglected, diverse African American experience in the mountain South in the 19th century, including their pre- and post-Civil War labor force role; Jim Crow oppression; Black activism; migration in and out of the region; cultural influences; and the racial attitudes of White highlanders. Includes illustrations of Appalachian Black life. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780813191270
  • Publisher: University Press of Kentucky
  • Publication date: 2/14/2010
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Pages: 338
  • Sales rank: 1,143,648
  • Product dimensions: 0.76 (w) x 5.50 (h) x 8.50 (d)

Table of Contents

Introduction 1
1 Slavery and antislavery in Appalachia 16
2 Appalachian echoes of the African banjo 27
3 Georgia's forgotten miners : African Americans and the Georgia gold rush of 1829 40
4 Slavery in the Kanawha salt industry 50
5 Sam Williams, forgeman : the life of an industrial slave at Buffalo Forge, Virginia 74
6 "A source of great economy"? : the railroad and slavery's expansion in Southwest Virginia, 1850-1860 101
7 Put in master's pocket : cotton expansion and interstate slave trading in the mountain south 116
8 A free black slave owner in East Tennessee : the strange case of Adam Waterford 133
9 Olmsted in Appalachia : a Connecticut Yankee encounters slavery and racism in the Southern Highlands, 1854 154
10 Race and the roots of Appalachian poverty : Clay County, Kentucky, 1850-1910 165
11 Slavery's end in East Tennessee 189
12 Southern mountain republicans and the Negro, 1865-1900 199
13 Negotiating the terms of freedom : the quest for education in an African American community in Reconstruction North Georgia 220
14 The Salem school and orphanage : white missionaries, black school 235
15 "What does America need so much as Americans?" : race and northern reconciliation with Southern Appalachia, 1870-1900 245
16 African American convicts in the coal mines of Southern Appalachia 259
17 The formation of black community in Southern West Virginia coalfields 284
18 Racial violence, lynchings, and modernization in the mountain south 302
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