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The unique contribution made by biological anthropology to human welfare lies in the fundamental understanding it can provide of the dynamic interrelationships between physical and social factors. By understanding these patterns, we can interpret the significance of variation in such measures of human well-being in terms of the incidence of disease and mortality rates. Topics covered in this book include reproductive ecology and fertility, nutritional status in relation to health, and the effects of pollution on individual growth. In later chapters, the concepts of physiological adaptation and Darwinian fitness and their relation to individual physical fitness are explored.
1. Introduction G. W. Lasker; 2. Reproductive ecology and human fertility P. T. Ellison; 3. Nutritional status: its measurement and relation to health C. G. N. Mascie-Taylor; 4. Pollution and human growth: lead, noise, polychlorobiphenol compounds, and toxic wastes L. M. Schell; 5. Human physiological adaptation to high altitude environments L. P. Greksa; 6. Darwinian fitness, physical fitness and physical activity R. M. Malina; 7. Human evolution and the genetic epidemiology of chronic degenerative diseases D. E. Crews and G. D. James; 8. The biology of human aging W. A. Stini; Literature cited; Index.