Applied Ethics: A Multicultural Approach / Edition 5

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Overview

The new fifth edition of Applied Ethics covers a wide variety of contemporary moral issues from many cultural perspectives.

This approach permits students to appreciate diverse ethical positions different from those they may have been acculturated into. Topics include hotly debated issues such as abortion, euthanasia, racial discrimination and injustice as well human rights, war and violence, gender issues and human cloning.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780205708086
  • Publisher: Pearson
  • Publication date: 7/14/2010
  • Series: MySearchLab Series for Philosophy Series
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 5
  • Pages: 592
  • Sales rank: 250,884
  • Product dimensions: 7.00 (w) x 9.10 (h) x 0.90 (d)

Meet the Author

Larry May is a professor of Philosophy at Washington University in St. Louis, MO. His long-term research concerns the theory of moral and legal responsibility, especially the concepts of collective responsibility, guilt and shame. He has authored several books on this general theme as well as books on professional ethics, masculinity and medical ethics. He is currently working on a book concerning the concept of a crime against humanity and a war crime, and about who could justifiably be held accountable and prosecuted for such crimes. He is also examining genocide and other aspects of international criminal law.

Kai Wong was a Ph.D. graduate student under Larry May at Washington University in St. Louis. His 2005 dissertation concerned Collective Historical Responsibility and Deliberating about Identity and Responsibility in an Age of Diversity and Ambiguity.

Jill Delston is a current graduate student under Larry May at Washington University in St. Louis.

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Table of Contents

Contents

Preface

Introduction

1. Antiracism, Multiculturalism, and Interracial Community: Three Educational Values for a Multicultural Society Lawrence A. Blum

2. Judging Other Cultures: The Case of Genital Mutilation Martha Nussbaum

I Theoretical Perspectives

1. Utilitarianism John Stuart Mill

2. A Simplified Account of Kant’s Ethics Onora O’Neill

3. Theory of Justice John Rawls

4. On Virtue Ethics Rosalind Hursthouse

5. Hindu Values Debabrata Sen Sharma

6. Images of Relationship Carol Gilligan

II Human Rights

1. United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights

2. Women’s Rights as Human Rights: Toward a Re-Vision of Human Rights Charlotte Bunch

3. Islam, Islamic Law, and the Dilemma of Cultural Legitimacy for Universal Human Rights Abdullahi Ahmed An-Na’im

4. The African Context of Human Rights Claude Ake

5. Asian Justification for Human Rights and Values in Asia vs. Western Liberalism Daniel A. Bell

6. A Buddhist Response to the Nature of Human Rights Kenneth K. Inada

7. Conditions of an Unforced Consensus on Human Rights Charles Taylor

8. Democracy as a Universal Value Amartya Sen

III Environmental Ethics

1. The Historical Roots of Our Ecological Crisis Lynn White,Jr.

2. Animal Liberation is an Environmental Ethic Dale Jamieson

3. Faking Nature Robert Elliot

4. A “Good” Environment: Just One of the Set of Human Objectives William Baxter

5. Look to the Mountain: Reflections on Indigenous Ecology Gregory Cajete

6. Environmental Racism, American Indians, and Monitored Retrievable Storage Sites for Radioactive Waste Shari Collins-Chobanian

IV Hunger and Poverty

1. Carrying Capacity as an Ethical Concept Garrett Hardin

2. Feeding the Hungry Jan Narveson

3. Famine, Affluence, and Morality Peter Singer

4. A Cosmopolitan Perspective on the Global Economic Order Thomas Pogge

5. Sex & Consequences: World Population Growth vs. Reproductive Rights Margaret P. Battin

6. Perils Amid Promises of Genetically Modified Foods Mae Wan-Ho

V War and Violence

1. Just War Theory Douglas P. Lackey

2. Was the [First] Gulf War a Just War? Gregory S. Kavka

3. Was the [Second] Iraq War a Just War? Steven Lee

4. Jus Post Bellum and the Prosecution of Al Bashir for Darfur Larry May

5. A Women’s Politics of Resistance Sara Ruddick

6. Letter from the Birmingham City Jail Martin Luther King Jr.

VI Gender Roles and Morality

1. Gender and Social Construction: Who? What? When? Where? How? Sally Haslanger

2. Domestic Violence Against Women and Autonomy Marilyn Friedman

3. Re-Thinking Civil Unions and Same-Sex Marriages Brook J. Sadler

4. Is Equality Tearing Families Apart? Joel Anderson

5. Is it Wrong to Discriminate on the Basis of Homosexuality? Jeff Jordan

6. Justice, Gender, and the Politics of Multiculturalism Sarah Song

VII Racial and Ethnic Discrimination

1. Philosophical and Social Implications of Race Naomi Zack

2. Collective Responsibility and Multiple Racial, Ethnic, and Cultural Identities Kai C. Wong

3. Racisms Kwame Anthony Appiah

4. Affirmative Action: The Price of Preference Shelby Steele

5. Should Public Policy Be Class Conscious Rather than Color Conscious? Amy Gutmann

6. The Color-Blind Principle Bernard Boxill

VIII Abortion

1. An Almost Absolute Value in History John T. Noonan Jr.

2. On the Moral and Legal Status of Abortion Mary Anne Warren

3. Why Abortion Is Immoral Don Marquis

4. Does a Fetus Already Have a Future-Like-Ours? Peter Mcinerney

5. The Problem of Coerced Abortion in China and Related Ethical Issues Jing-Bao Nie

6. Contestation and Consensus: The Morality of Abortion in Japan William R. LaFleur

7. The Classical Hindu View on Abortion and the Moral Status of Unborn Julius J.Lipner

IX Euthanasia and Cloning

1. Active and Passive Euthanasia James Rachels

2. The Intentional Termination of Life Bonnie Steinbock

3. Assisted Suicide: The Philosophers' Brief Ronald Dworkin, Thomas Nagel, Robert Nozick, John Rowls, Thomas Scanlon, and Judith Jarvis Thomson

4. Objections to the Institutionalization of Euthanasia Stephen G. Potts

5. Euthanasia: The Way We Do It, the Way They Do It Margaret P. Battin

6. Gender, Feminism, and Death: Physician-Assisted Suicide and Euthanasia Susan M. Wolf

7. Confucian Views on Suicide and Their Impli­cations for Euthanasia Ping-Cheung Lo

8. Buddhist Views of Suicide and Euthanasia Carl B. Becker

9. The Wisdom of Repugnance Leon Kass

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Preface

This book has filled an existing gap in the literature used in applied ethics courses. The major anthologies in applied ethics contain essays written almost exclusively by American social and moral philosophers. These anthologies leave the student with the impression that there are no viewpoints other than those expressed by Americans, and that ethical and social philosophy has little to do with perspectives of other nations and cultures. More and more courses that include the perspectives of diverse cultures are being added to the curriculum. There is no applied ethics volume comparable to ours—indeed philosophy has been very slow to respond to the call for multiculturalism in our curricula.

Our volume addresses various topics in applied ethics from Western and non-western perspectives. As a result, the typical instructor will have an easier time approaching the material than if the material were segregated, or if the issues were not already well known in the West. Nonetheless, since our book devotes significant attention to the moral perspectives of many different cultures and ethnicities, students will come away from our text having a deeper appreciation for other cultures. We believe that the increasing emphasis on multiculturalism and internationalism across disciplines has set the stage for a very positive reception for a book like ours.

Let us briefly address some of the terminology in the book. We have chosen to use the term "American Indian" rather than "Native American" because of the increasing use of the former instead of the latter in such titles as "American Indian Studies" and because many American Indian people believe that the term "NativeAmerican" does not adequately capture their identity since many non-Indians may also claim to be Native Americans. We have used the term "African American" when referring to Blacks living in America and have retained the term "Blacks" when the designated group was not restricted to Americans.

Many people provided us with valuable suggestions and assistance throughout the years that we worked on this project. We would like to thank Margaret Battin, Karen Warren, Iris Young, Mary Mahowald, Marilyn Friedman, Denward Wilson, and Gloria Cuadraz for valuable suggestions about the book's format and selections. We are especially grateful to Dana Klar from Washington University's Center for American Indian Studies for help with some of the multicultural material. In addition, Kenneth Sharratt, Marilyn Broughton, and Debi Katz have helped in the more technical phases of the book's production. The following reviewers provided helpful suggestions and useful insights for the third edition: Susan Lee Morris, Ferris State University and Jeremiah Hackett, University of South Carolina. Joel Anderson, Kate Parsons, Jennifer Stiff, Dennis Cooley, William Tolhurst and many others who used the first edition gave valuable help on the second edition, as did our students. And finally we would like to thank Ross Miller and the rest of the Prentice Hall staff for their invaluable help and support.

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Introduction

This book has filled an existing gap in the literature used in applied ethics courses. The major anthologies in applied ethics contain essays written almost exclusively by American social and moral philosophers. These anthologies leave the student with the impression that there are no viewpoints other than those expressed by Americans, and that ethical and social philosophy has little to do with perspectives of other nations and cultures. More and more courses that include the perspectives of diverse cultures are being added to the curriculum. There is no applied ethics volume comparable to ours—indeed philosophy has been very slow to respond to the call for multiculturalism in our curricula.

Our volume addresses various topics in applied ethics from Western and non-western perspectives. As a result, the typical instructor will have an easier time approaching the material than if the material were segregated, or if the issues were not already well known in the West. Nonetheless, since our book devotes significant attention to the moral perspectives of many different cultures and ethnicities, students will come away from our text having a deeper appreciation for other cultures. We believe that the increasing emphasis on multiculturalism and internationalism across disciplines has set the stage for a very positive reception for a book like ours.

Let us briefly address some of the terminology in the book. We have chosen to use the term "American Indian" rather than "Native American" because of the increasing use of the former instead of the latter in such titles as "American Indian Studies" and because many American Indian people believe that the term "NativeAmerican" does not adequately capture their identity since many non-Indians may also claim to be Native Americans. We have used the term "African American" when referring to Blacks living in America and have retained the term "Blacks" when the designated group was not restricted to Americans.

Many people provided us with valuable suggestions and assistance throughout the years that we worked on this project. We would like to thank Margaret Battin, Karen Warren, Iris Young, Mary Mahowald, Marilyn Friedman, Denward Wilson, and Gloria Cuadraz for valuable suggestions about the book's format and selections. We are especially grateful to Dana Klar from Washington University's Center for American Indian Studies for help with some of the multicultural material. In addition, Kenneth Sharratt, Marilyn Broughton, and Debi Katz have helped in the more technical phases of the book's production. The following reviewers provided helpful suggestions and useful insights for the third edition: Susan Lee Morris, Ferris State University and Jeremiah Hackett, University of South Carolina. Joel Anderson, Kate Parsons, Jennifer Stiff, Dennis Cooley, William Tolhurst and many others who used the first edition gave valuable help on the second edition, as did our students. And finally we would like to thank Ross Miller and the rest of the Prentice Hall staff for their invaluable help and support.

Read More Show Less

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