Applied Sedimentology / Edition 2

Applied Sedimentology / Edition 2

by Richard C. Selley

ISBN-10: 0126363757

ISBN-13: 9780126363753

Pub. Date: 05/28/2000

Publisher: Elsevier Science & Technology Books

This is a completely revised edition of Applied Sedimentology, first published in 1988. Like its precursor, it describes sediments from sand grains to sedimentary basins. Part 1, Rock to Sediment, introduces the concept of the sedimentary cycle, describes weathering and soil formation, and details the fundamental physical properties of a sediment&


This is a completely revised edition of Applied Sedimentology, first published in 1988. Like its precursor, it describes sediments from sand grains to sedimentary basins. Part 1, Rock to Sediment, introduces the concept of the sedimentary cycle, describes weathering and soil formation, and details the fundamental physical properties of a sediment: texture, porosity, and permeability. Part 2, Sediment Sedimented, begins by describing the transportation and deposition of sediment and the resultant sedimentary structures. It ends with a description of the various depositional systems, sequence stratigraphy, and cyclicity. Part 3, Sediment to Rock, opens by describing how pressure, temperature, and fluid processes control petroleum and ore formation. It continues with accounts of the evolution of porosity and permeability in carbonates and sandstones. The last chapter describes the different types of sedimentary basins, their origins, depositional fill, and the evolution of their fluids. The book emphasizes the applications of sedimentology to the exploration for and exploitation of natural resources, including water, ores, and hydrocarbons. Applied Sedimentology is written principally for senior undergraduate and postgraduate students of earth science and engineering. It may also, however, prove useful to more mature readers who explore and exploit the sedimentary rocks for fossil fuels and mineral deposits.

Richard Selley has spent most of his career at the Royal School of Mines, Imperial College, London University, where he is Professor of Applied Sedimentology. Between 1969-75, however, he worked for oil companies in Libya,Greenland and the North Sea. The author has been awarded the Murchison Fund of the Geological Society. He has been a Distinguished Lecturer of the Petroleum Exploration Society of Australia and has been awarded a Certificate of Merit and a Survivor Certificate by the American Association of Petroleum Geologists.

Product Details

Elsevier Science & Technology Books
Publication date:
Edition description:
New Edition
Product dimensions:
6.67(w) x 9.53(h) x 1.10(d)

Table of Contents

1.1Introduction and Historical Review1
1.2Sedimentology and the Earth Sciences3
1.3Applied Sedimentology5
1.3.2Sedimentary Ores: General Aspects10
Selected Bibliography16
Part IRock to Sediment
2Weathering and the Sedimentary Cycle
2.2The Sedimentary Cycle22
2.3.1Biological Weathering and Soil Formation25
2.3.2Physical Weathering29
2.3.3Chemical Weathering30
2.3.4Economic Significance and Conclusion34
Selected Bibliography38
3Particles, Pores, and Permeability
3.1Physical Properties of Particles41
3.1.1Surface Texture of Particles41
3.1.2Particle Shape, Sphericity, and Roundness42
3.1.3Particle Size44
3.2Porosity and Permeability56
3.2.2Pore Morphology65
3.2.3The Origin of Primary Porosity72
Selected Bibliography82
Part IISediment Sedimented
4Transportation and Sedimentation
4.2Aqueous Processes94
4.2.1Sedimentation from Traction Currents94
4.2.2Sedimentation from High-Density Turbidity Currents101
4.2.3Sedimentation from Low-Density Turbidity Currents106
4.3Eolian Processes108
4.3.1Eolian Sedimentation from Traction Carpets109
4.3.2Eolian Sedimentation from Suspension113
4.4Glacial Processes113
4.5Gravitational Processes118
4.5.1Debris Flow121
4.5.2Grain Flows123
4.5.3Fluidized Flows123
Selected Bibliography124
5Sedimentary Structures
5.2Biogenic Sedimentary Structures133
5.3Primary Inorganic Sedimentary Structures136
5.3.2Predepositional (Interbed) Structures138
5.3.3Syndepositional (Intrabed) Structures142
5.3.4Postdepositional Sedimentary Structures157
5.3.5Miscellaneous Structures162
5.4Paleocurrent Analysis168
5.4.1Collection of Paleocurrent Data168
5.4.2Presentation of Paleocurrent Data169
5.4.3Interpretation of Paleocurrent Data171
Selected Bibliography174
6Depositional Systems
6.1Sedimentary Environments181
6.1.1Environments Defined181
6.1.2Environments of Erosion, Equilibrium, and Deposition182
6.1.3Environments Classified184
6.2Sedimentary Facies187
6.3Sedimentary Models189
6.3.1The Model Concept189
6.3.2Some Models Described190
6.4Sedimentary Models, Increments, and Cycles277
6.4.1Walther's Law279
6.4.2Genetic Increments and Sequences of Sedimentation280
6.4.3Sequence Stratigraphy281
Selected Bibliography290
Part IIISediment to Rock
7The Subsurface Environment
7.1Subsurface Temperatures309
7.2Subsurface Pressures312
7.3Subsurface Fluids315
7.3.1Nonhydrocarbon Gases315
7.3.2Petroleum Fluids316
7.3.3Subsurface Waters318
7.4Fluid Flow in Sedimentary Basins323
7.4.1Meteoric Flow323
7.4.2Compactional Flow324
7.4.3Convective Flow325
Selected Bibliography326
8Allochthonous Sediments
8.1Introduction: The Classification of Sedimentary Rocks329
8.2Allochthonous Sediments Classified330
8.3.1Sapropelites, Oil Shales, and Oil Source Rocks333
8.3.2Orthoclaystones and Clay Minerals335
8.4Pyroclastic Sediments344
8.5.1Nomenclature and Classification of Sandstones345
8.5.2Sandstones Described352
8.5.3Diagenesis and Porosity Evolution of Sandstones356
8.6Rudaceous Rocks377
8.6.2Sedimentary Breccias383
Selected Bibliography387
9Autochthonous Sediments
9.2.2Carbonate Minerals396
9.2.3Physical Components of Carbonate Rocks397
9.2.4Nomenclature and Classification404
9.2.5Diagenesis and Porosity Evolution of Limestones406
9.2.7Diagenesis and Porosity Evolution of Carbonates: Summary423
9.3.2Coal Petrography427
9.3.3Environments of Coal Deposition430
9.4Sedimentary Iron Ores432
9.4.1Oolitic Iron Ores433
9.4.2.Pre-Cambrian Banded Ironstone Formations434
9.5.1Mode of Occurrence of Phosphates436
9.5.2Mode of Formation of Phosphates439
9.6.2Gross Geologic Characteristics441
9.6.3Carbonate-Anhydrite Cycles446
9.6.4Halite-Potash Evaporite Successions453
9.6.5Economic Significance of Evaporites455
Selected Bibliography459
10Sedimentary Basins
10.1.1Sediment Supply and Accommodation Space467
10.1.2Basic Concepts and Terminology468
10.1.3Basin-Forming Mechanisms472
10.2Sedimentary Basins Classified and Described475
10.2.1Classification of Sedimentary Basins475
10.2.2Crustal Sag Basins476
10.2.3Basins Caused by Plate Convergence486
10.2.4Basins Caused by Plate Divergence491
10.3Basin Evolution, Metallogeny, and the Petroleum System496
Selected Bibliography507
Subject Index513
About the Author523

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