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This book surveys the main theories of applied social and political philosophy and those theories to contemporary social/political issues of race, gender, war, peace, and ethnicity.
I. CLASSICAL THEORIES.
Ancient and Medieval.
Plato, The Republic.Aristotle, The Nichomachean Ethics.Cicero, The Republic and Laws.Thomas Aquinas, Treatise on Law.
Thomas Hobbes, The Lieviathan.John Locke, An Essay Concerning the True Original, Extent and End of Civil Government.Jean-Jacques Rousseau, The Social Contract.David Hume, "Of Justice."
Jeremy Bentham, "A Critical Examination of the Declaration of Rights."Jeremy Bentham, "An Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation."Jeremy Bentham, "A Fragment on Government."John Stuart Mill, On Liberty.G.W.F. Hegel, Philosophy of Right.Pierre Kropotkin, Law and Authority.Karl Marx, "Alienated Labour."Frederick Engels, "Socialism: Utopian and Scientific."Karl Marx and Frederick Engels, Manifesto of the Communist Party.
Communism and Fascism.
V.I. Lenin, "The Immediate Tasks of the Soviet Government."Mao Tse-tung, "On the People's Democratic Dictatorship."Benito Mussolini, Fascism: Doctrine and Institutions.Adolf Hitler, Mein Kampf.
Liberalism and Its Critics.
John Rawls, A Theory of Justice.Robert Nozick, Anarchy, State and Utopia.Kai Nielsen, "Impediments to Radical Egalitarianism."Elizabeth H. Wolgast, "A World of Social Atoms."Marilyn Friedman, "Feminism and Modern Friendship."Michael Walzer, "The Communitarian Critique of Liberalism."
II. CONTEMPORARY ISSUES.
Extent of Personal Liberty.
Patrick Devlin, The Enforcement of Morals.Joel Feinberg, "Grounds for Coercion: Hard Cases for the Harm Principle."Senator Gordon Humphrey and Judge Robert H. Bork, U.S. Senate Hearings on Flag Desecration.Gerald Dworkin, "Paternalism."Elizabeth H. Wolgast, "Pornography and the Tyranny of the Majority."Catharine MacKinnon, "Pornography and Rights of Women."Ronald Dworkin, "Liberty and Pornography."
"Universal Declaration of Human Rights," adopted by the National Assembly of France, 1791, Declaration of the Rights of Man and of Citizens.United Nations, 1948, Universal Declaration of Human Rights.H.J. McCloskey, "Rights."Douglas Husak, "Why There Are No Human Rights."Robert Bork, "Civil Rights—A Challenge."The New Republic Editors, Civil Rights—a Reply.Ronald Dworkin, Taking Rights Seriously.Henry Shue, Basic Rights.
The Rights and Welfare of the Environment, Animals, and Future Generations.
Rene Descartes, "The Difference between Men and Animals."David Hume, "Of the Reason of Animals."Jeremy Bentham, Interests of the Inferior Animals.David G. Ritchie, Only Humans Have Rights.Joel Feinberg, "The Rights of Animals and Unborn Generations."R.G. Frey, "Rights, Interests, Desires, and Beliefs."Tom Regan, "The Moral Basis of Vegetarianism."Christopher D. Stone, Earth and Other Ethics.
James S. Fishkin, "Liberty versus Equal Opportunity."Glenn C. Loury, "Why Should We Care About Group Inequality?"Albert Mosley, "In Defense of Affirmative Action."Elizabeth H. Wolgast, Equality and the Rights of Women.
Garrett Hardin, "The Case Against Helping the Poor."Peter Singer, "The Famine Relief Argument."Tony Honoré, "Property, Title and Redistribution."Ronald Dworkin, "Why Liberals Should Care About Equality."Thomas Nagel, "Equality and Partiality."
Nationalism and International Relations.
Vernon Van Dyke, "Collective Entities and Moral Rights."Aleksandras Shtromas, "The Future World Order."Avishai Margalit and Joseph Raz, "National Self-Determination."Imam Khomeini, "Islam and Revolution."Jeffrey Crawford, African American Separatism and Integration in Historical Perspective.Elizabeth Smith and Gene Blocker, "Nationalism, Nation-State, and the United Nations."Index.