Applied Strength of Materials / Edition 5

Applied Strength of Materials / Edition 5

by Robert L. Mott
     
 

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ISBN-10: 0132368498

ISBN-13: 2900132368499

Pub. Date: 09/04/2007

Publisher: Prentice Hall

Applied Strength of Materials provides comprehensive coverage of the key topics in strength of materials with an emphasis on applications, problem solving, and design of structural members, mechanical devices, and systems. The fourth edition of this best-selling text has been updated and enhanced to include a new "Big Picture" feature and a brief review of

Overview

Applied Strength of Materials provides comprehensive coverage of the key topics in strength of materials with an emphasis on applications, problem solving, and design of structural members, mechanical devices, and systems. The fourth edition of this best-selling text has been updated and enhanced to include a new "Big Picture" feature and a brief review of statics in a new appendix.

Strengths of this text include:

  • A section called The Big Picture begins each chapter and engages students in discussion of the many contexts in which the principles in that chapter are used in real, practical design. This feature draws on the students' own experience and builds their knowledge of the mechanical design field. It is based on the learning theory that students learn better when they can relate new concepts to past experiences and when they consider the whole before tackling the details.
  • An extensive introduction to composite materials along with the commentary throughout the book on the application of composites to various kinds of load-carrying members and comparisons/contrasts of composites to traditional structural members.
  • Suggested computer programming assignments with recommended uses for spreadsheets, equation-solving software such as MATLAB, and graphing calculators to reflect the continuing development of electronic aids.
  • Strong presentation of design approaches in addition to analysis, providing extensive information on guidelines for design of mechanical devices and structural members.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
2900132368499
Publisher:
Prentice Hall
Publication date:
09/04/2007
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
800

Table of Contents

Prefacev
1Basic Concepts in Strength of Materials1
1-1Objective of this Book--to Ensure Safety4
1-2Objectives of this Chapter6
1-3Problem-Solving Procedure7
1-4Basic Unit Systems8
1-5Relationship Among Mass, Force, and Weight9
1-6The Concept of Stress11
1-7Direct Normal Stress12
1-8Stress Elements for Direct Normal Stresses14
1-9Direct Shear Stress15
1-10Stress Elements for Shear Stresses20
1-11Bearing Stress20
1-12The Concept of Strain24
1-13Poisson's Ratio25
1-14Shearing Strain26
1-15Modulus of Elasticity26
1-16Modulus of Elasticity in Shear27
1-17Preferred Sizes and Standard Shapes27
1-18Experimental and Computational Stress Analysis33
References38
Problems38
2Design Properties of Materials48
2-1Objectives of this Chapter50
2-2Metals in Mechanical and Structural Design50
2-3Steel57
2-4Cast Iron62
2-5Aluminum63
2-6Copper, Brass, and Bronze65
2-7Zinc, Magnesium, and Titanium66
2-8Nonmetals in Engineering Design66
2-9Wood67
2-10Concrete67
2-11Plastics68
2-12Composites69
References80
Problems80
3Design of Members under Direct Stresses83
3-1Objectives of this Chapter85
3-2Design of Members under Direct Tension or Compression85
3-3Design Normal Stresses86
3-4Design Factor87
3-5Design Approaches and Guidelines for Design Factors89
3-6Methods of Computing Design Stress92
3-7Design Shear Stress98
3-8Design Bearing Stress102
3-9Stress Concentration Factors108
References112
Problems112
4Axial Deformation and Thermal Stress128
4-1Objectives of this Chapter130
4-2Elastic Deformation in Tension and Compression Members130
4-3Deformation Due to Temperature Changes136
4-4Thermal Stress140
4-5Members Made of More Than One Material143
Problems146
5Torsional Shear Stress and Torsional Deformation153
5-1Objectives of this Chapter156
5-2Torque, Power, and Rotational Speed156
5-3Torsional Shear Stress in Members with Circular Cross Sections159
5-4Development of the Torsional Shear Stress Formula162
5-5Polar Moment of Inertia for Solid Circular Bars163
5-6Torsional Shear Stress and Polar Moment of Inertia for Hollow Circular Bars164
5-7Design of Circular Members under Torsion166
5-8Comparison of Solid and Hollow Circular Members169
5-9Stress Concentrations in Torsionally Loaded Members173
5-10Twisting--Elastic Torsional Deformation180
5-11Torsion in Noncircular Sections190
References195
Problems196
Computer Assignments201
6Shearing Forces and Bending Moments in Beams203
6-1Objectives of this Chapter205
6-2Beam Loading, Supports, and Types of Beams206
6-3Reactions at Supports213
6-4Shearing Forces and Bending Moments for Concentrated Loads217
6-5Guidelines for Drawing Beam Diagrams for Concentrated Loads224
6-6Shearing Forces and Bending Moments for Distributed Loads231
6-7General Shapes Found in Bending Moment Diagrams237
6-8Shearing Forces and Bending Moments for Cantilever Beams238
6-9Beams with Linearly Varying Distributed Loads240
6-10Free-Body Diagrams of Parts of Structures242
6-11Mathematical Analysis of Beam Diagrams246
Problems257
7Centroids and Moments of Inertia of Areas268
7-1Objectives of this Chapter269
7-2The Concept of Centroid--Simple Shapes270
7-3Centroid of Complex Shapes270
7-4The Concept of Moment of Inertia275
7-5Moment of Inertia of Composite Shapes whose Parts have the Same Centroidal Axis277
7-6Moment of Inertia for Composite Shapes--General Case--Use of the Parallel Axis Theorem279
7-7Mathematical Definition of Moment of Inertia282
7-8Composite Sections Made from Commercially Available Shapes283
7-9Moment of Inertia for Shapes with all Rectangular Parts287
7-10Radius of Gyration288
References292
Problems293
Computer Assignments300
8Stress Due to Bending301
8-1Objectives of this Chapter305
8-2The Flexure Formula305
8-3Conditions on the Use of the Flexure Formula308
8-4Stress Distribution on a Cross Section of a Beam311
8-5Derivation of the Flexure Formula312
8-6Applications--Beam Analysis313
8-7Applications--Beam Design and Design Stresses316
8-8Section Modulus and Design Procedures318
8-9Stress Concentrations324
8-10Flexural Center or Shear Center330
8-11Preferred Shapes for Beam Cross Sections333
8-12Design of Beams to be Made from Composite Materials337
References338
Problems339
Computer Assignments357
9Shearing Stresses in Beams358
9-1Objectives of this Chapter360
9-2Importance of Shearing Stresses in Beams362
9-3The General Shear Formula363
9-4Distribution of Shearing Stress in Beams369
9-5Development of the General Shear Formula376
9-6Special Shear Formulas378
9-7Design Shear Stress382
9-8Shear Flow383
References386
Problems386
10Special Cases of Combined Stresses395
10-1Objectives of this Chapter399
10-2The Stress Element399
10-3Stress Distribution Created by Basic Stresses401
10-4Combined Normal Stresses402
10-5Combined Normal and Shear Stresses412
References417
Problems417
11The General Case of Combined Stress and Mohr's Circle428
11-1Objectives of this Chapter429
11-2Creating the Initial Stress Element430
11-3Equations for Stresses in Any Direction432
11-4Principal Stresses436
11-5Maximum Shear Stress437
11-6Mohr's Circle for Stress438
11-7Examples of the Use of Mohr's Circle445
11-8Stress Condition on Selected Planes452
11-9Special Case in which Both Principal Stresses have the Same Sign455
11-10The Maximum Shear Stress Theory of Failure459
11-11Use of Strain-Gage Rosettes to Determine Principal Stresses460
References467
Problems467
Computer Assignments469
12Deflection of Beams470
12-1Objectives of this Chapter473
12-2The Need for Considering Beam Deflections473
12-3Definition of Terms475
12-4Beam Deflections Using the Formula Method478
12-5Superposition Using Deflection Formulas482
12-6Basic Principles for Beam Deflection by Successive Integration Method486
12-7Beam Deflections--Successive Integration Method--General Approach488
12-8Beam Deflections--Moment-Area Method497
12-9Applications of the Moment-Area Method501
12-10Beams with Distributed Loads--Moment-Area Method514
References516
Problems516
Computer Assignments522
13Statically Indeterminate Beams523
13-1Objectives of this Chapter526
13-2Formulas for Statically Indeterminate Beams527
13-3Superposition Method534
13-4Continuous Beams--Theorem of Three Moments539
Problems543
Computer Assignments547
14Columns548
14-1Objectives of this Chapter552
14-2Slenderness Ratio553
14-3Transition Slenderness Ratio556
14-4The Euler Formula for Long Columns557
14-5The J. B. Johnson Formula for Short Columns558
14-6Summary--Buckling Formulas558
14-7Design Factors for Columns and allowable Load561
14-8Summary--Method of Analyzing Columns561
14-9Column Analysis Spreadsheet565
14-10Efficient Shapes for Column Cross Section567
14-11Specifications of the AISC567
14-12Specifications of the Aluminum Association569
14-13Non-Centrally Loaded Columns570
References576
Problems576
15Pressure Vessels583
15-1Objectives of this Chapter585
15-2Distinction Between Thin-Walled and Thick-Walled Pressure Vessels585
15-3Thin-Walled Spheres587
15-4Thin-Walled Cylinders589
15-5Thick-Walled Cylinders and Spheres592
15-6Procedure for Analyzing and Designing Spherical and Cylindrical Pressure Vessels593
15-7Shearing Stress in Cylinders and Spheres599
15-8Other Design Considerations for Pressure Vessels603
15-9Composite Pressure Vessels604
15-10Spreadsheet Aid for Analyzing Thick-Walled Spheres and Cylinders605
References606
Problems606
Computer Assignments608
16Connections609
16-1Objectives of this Chapter610
16-2Modes of Failure611
16-3Riveted Connections613
16-4Bolted Connections614
16-5Allowable Stresses for Bolted and Riveted Connections615
16-6Example Problems--Riveted and Bolted Joints615
16-7Eccentrically Loaded Riveted and Bolted Joints618
16-8Welded Joints with Concentric Loads622
References625
Problems626
Appendix631
Answers to Selected Problems685
Index699

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