Applying Career Development Theory to Counseling / Edition 1

Applying Career Development Theory to Counseling / Edition 1

by Richard S. Sharf
     
 

ISBN-10: 053415168X

ISBN-13: 9780534151683

Pub. Date: 01/28/1992

Publisher: Brooks/Cole

Richard Sharf goes beyond simply presenting theory to show the reader how to apply the principles in a counseling setting, making this book useful for both practicing counselors and counselors-in-training. Sharf covers three major theoretical areas (trait and type, life-span, and special-focus theories) in Parts I-III, then discusses theoretical integration in Part

Overview

Richard Sharf goes beyond simply presenting theory to show the reader how to apply the principles in a counseling setting, making this book useful for both practicing counselors and counselors-in-training. Sharf covers three major theoretical areas (trait and type, life-span, and special-focus theories) in Parts I-III, then discusses theoretical integration in Part IV, with each theory providing a unique perspective on career development. The book also offers numerous case examples, discusses career testing from a practical and theoretical perspective, and integrates labor-market information with career theory. In addition, this book has been praised for having a clear writing style, useful case examples, and material included throughout on diversity.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780534151683
Publisher:
Brooks/Cole
Publication date:
01/28/1992
Edition description:
Older Edition
Pages:
377
Product dimensions:
6.70(w) x 9.54(h) x 0.98(d)

Table of Contents

Chapter 1Introduction1
The Role of Theory in Psychology4
Counselors' Use of Career Development Theory5
Counselor Skills8
Goals of Career Counseling16
Career Development of Women17
Career Development of Culturally Diverse Populations18
What's Ahead18
References20
Part 1Trait and Type Theories23
Chapter 2Trait and Factor Theory25
Step 1Gaining Self-Understanding27
Step 2Obtaining Knowledge About the World of Work38
Step 3Integrating Information About Oneself and the World of Work53
Applying the Theory to Women56
Applying the Theory to Culturally Diverse Populations58
Counselor Issues60
Summary61
References61
Chapter 3Work Adjustment Theory65
Assessing Abilities, Values, Personality, and Interests67
Measuring the Requirements and Conditions of Occupations74
Matching Abilities, Values, and Reinforcers77
Job Adjustment Counseling82
Adjustment to Retirement84
New Developments86
The Role of Testing86
The Role of Occupational Information88
Applying the Theory to Women and Culturally Diverse Populations88
Counselor Issues90
Summary90
References91
Chapter 4Holland's Theory of Types94
The Six Types95
Combinations of Types101
Explanatory Constructs102
Research on Holland's Constructs108
The Role of Occupational Information110
The Role of Testing111
Applying the Theory to Women112
Applying the Theory to Culturally Diverse Populations113
Counselor Issues114
Summary116
References117
Chapter 5Myers-Briggs Type Theory120
Perceiving and Judging122
Extraversion and Introversion127
The Sixteen Type Combinations127
Dominant and Auxiliary Processes131
Using the Myers-Briggs Typology in Counseling132
The Role of Occupational Information142
The Role of Testing143
Applying the Theory to Women and Culturally Diverse Populations145
Counselor Issues147
Summary147
References148
Part 2Life-Span Theory151
Chapter 6Introduction to Super's Life-Span Theory153
Basic Assumptions of Super's Theory153
Self-Concept154
Roles156
Developmental Stages157
The Role of Occupational Information and Testing159
Applying the Theory to Women and Culturally Diverse Populations159
Summary160
References160
Chapter 7Career Development in Childhood162
Super's Model of the Career Development of Children163
Using Super's Model in Counseling Children171
Gender-Role Stereotyping and Gottfredson's Theory173
Career Development of Children from Culturally Diverse Backgrounds178
The Role of Occupational Information179
The Role of Testing181
Counselor Issues182
Summary182
References182
Chapter 8Adolescent Career Development186
Factors Influencing Adolescent Career Development187
Ginzberg's Tentative Stages of Adolescent Career Development188
Career Maturity193
Identity and Context199
The Role of Occupational Information203
The Role of Testing204
Gender Issues in Adolescence205
Career Development of Adolescents from Diverse Cultural Backgrounds209
Counselor Issues213
Summary213
References214
Chapter 9Late Adolescent and Adult Career Development219
Role Salience220
Adult Life Stages225
Life Stages of Women239
Life Stages of Culturally Diverse Adults242
Counselor Issues246
Summary247
References248
Chapter 10Adult Career Crises and Transitions252
Types of Transitions253
Categories of Career Transitions253
Models of Transitions and Crises256
Hopson and Adams's Model of Adult Transitions258
Career Crises Affecting Women264
Career Crises Affecting Culturally Diverse Populations270
Counselor Issues272
Summary273
References273
Part 3Special Focus Theories277
Chapter 11Constructivist Approaches to Career Development279
Personal Construct Psychology280
Narrative Counseling291
The Role of Testing301
The Role of Occupational Information302
Applying the Theories to Women and Culturally Diverse Populations303
Counselor Issues303
Summary304
References305
Chapter 12Parental Influence Theories307
Roe's Personality Development Theory308
Attachment Theory321
Parent-Child Career Interactions324
Family Systems Therapy325
Using Parental Influence Theories in Counseling327
Applying the Theories to Women and Culturally Diverse Populations330
Summary331
References331
Chapter 13Social Learning and Cognitive Theory335
Krumboltz's Social Learning Theory336
Social Cognitive Career Theory356
The Role of Occupational Information364
The Role of Testing365
Applying Social Learning and Social Cognitive Career Theories to Women365
Applying Social Learning and Social Cognitive Career Theories to Culturally Diverse Populations368
Counselor Issues369
Summary370
References370
Chapter 14Career Decision-Making Approaches374
Tiedeman's Perspective on the Process of Career Decision Making375
A Spiritual Perspective on Decision Making382
A Cognitive Information Processing Approach391
The Role of Occupational Information405
The Role of Testing406
Applying the Theories to Women and Culturally Diverse Populations406
Counselor Issues407
Summary408
References408
Chapter 15The Labor Market: Sociological and Economic Perspectives411
The United States Labor Market412
Sociological and Economic Approaches414
Youth Employment417
The Effect of the Work Environment on the Individual419
Status Attainment Theory422
Human Capital Theory427
Dual-Economy Theory429
Women and Discrimination in the Workplace431
Culturally Diverse Individuals and Discrimination in the Workplace438
Summary441
References442
Part 4Theoretical Integration449
Chapter 16Theories in Combination451
Combining Theories452
Noncounseling Applications of Theories463
Special Counseling Issues465
Test Use in Theories469
Occupational Classification Systems and Career Development Theories470
How Theories Apply to Career Development Issues of Women472
How Theories Apply to Cultural Diversity Issues in Career Development474
Counselor Issues475
Conclusion477
References477
AppendixTests and Their Publishers481
Name Index485
Subject Index491

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